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Could America’s Next Big Fuel Source Be Its Trash?

Posted by on March 28, 2016 in Sci-Tech, Technology with 3 Comments

Waste Stream-compressed

By Laura Miller | phys.org

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the United States produced 254 million tons of municipal solid waste in 2013. And though 87 million tons of that material from the landfill was diverted through recycling and composting, what if the nation could do better? What if landfills could become local sources of clean energy production? Better yet, what if all waste streams, like those from agricultural, livestock, and food production, could essentially become fuel refineries at a local level?


It's a question being asked by a collaboration of National Laboratory researchers who want to create conversion technologies designed to mine the carbon out of processes that traditionally have been an environmental burden to the planet and a disposal headache for humans.

“The idea of using waste as energy source really isn't new,” said Cynthia Jenks, Assistant Director of Scientific Planning and Division Director for Chemical and Biological Sciences for the Ames Laboratory. “For example, some municipal and regional utilities already burn landfill waste as a source for electrical power. But we think there are better, cleaner, and more efficient ways to get at that carbon and use the potential energy from it.”

A new concept was born of the Big Ideas Summit, held by the Department of Energy and its National Laboratories in 2015. The effort, being co-led by Ames Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, is a collaboration of 12 national laboratories to find new catalytic technologies that can efficiently produce biofuel from waste streams.

The goals are specific. Make the technology as simple as possible, yet adaptable to diverse waste streams. Locate it right at the waste stream source, whether it's a landfill, livestock farm, or commercial facility. Make it easy and economical to produce and deliver through the use of modular manufacturing.

“The idea brings together a lot of overlapping interests: chemical research, applied engineering, modular manufacturing, waste management, agriculture, industry, and energy sector investors. It's a complex idea with a lot of moving parts, but one that we think will get us a lot closer to accessing the in these underused resources, and a lot closer to the nation's sustainable energy production goals,” said Jenks.

To meet the goal, the participating National Laboratories will pool their skills in materials and chemical sciences, high performance computing, engineering, and applied technology. Ames Laboratory will lend the project its expertise in catalysis through its Chemical and Biological Sciences Division. Scientists Igor Slowing and Aaron Sadow have already done extensive work in creating catalysts that are able to convert carbons, by placing catalytic agents on high surface area nanomaterials. They want to develop processes that make possible the controlled decomposition of waste polymers into useful hydrocarbons.

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  1. 1695510010723187@facebook.com' Cương Lưu says:

    Conscious Life News…I think it is 544, and you? Find out here…
    pANLD4W ? start now. ~~> https://goo.gl/M6ALU1

    let’s like post: Better yet, what if all waste streams, like those from agricultural, livestock, and food production, could essentially become fuel refineries at a loc…

  2. 814371588669588@facebook.com' Jenny Holyj says:

    Would be great

  3. 10209218517445985@facebook.com' Martin Schulz says:

    This is long overdue.

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