So, You Thought Slavery No Longer Existed? Think Again

Written by on June 3, 2016 in Conscious Living, Peace & Human Rights with 21 Comments

Slavery

By Carey Wedler | The Anti Media

(ANTIMEDIA) Nearly 46 million human beings are subject to slavery, a new report released this week concluded. According to the third annual Global Slavery Index, which gathers and analyzes surveys conducted by Gallup, the number of people forced into “modern slavery,” or “human trafficking, forced labour, debt bondage, forced or servile marriage or commercial sexual exploitation,” rose from 35.8 million to 45.8 million since 2014 — a 28 percent increase.

The Global Slavery Index is a project of Walk Free, an Australian human rights organization dedicated to ending modern slavery, which researchers caution does not mean traditional slavery, in which “people were held in bondage as legal property.

This year, the researchers for the index analyzed survey responses from 42,000 respondents in 53 languages and 167 countries, though they noted gathering such information is “a difficult undertaking due to the hidden nature of this crime and low levels of victim identification.”

Even so, Andrew Forrest, the founder of Walk Free, suspected the 28 percent increase from 2014 to 2016 was “due to better data collection, although he feared the situation was getting worse with global displacement and migration increasing vulnerability to all forms of slavery,” Reuters reported.

The new analysis highlights the persistence of slavery in modern society, cataloguing the worst-offending nations and noting that instances of modern slavery occurred in all 167 countries included in the study.


According to the report, 58 percent of individuals forced into modern slavery were located in five countries: India, China, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Uzbekistan. Those nations had the highest “absolute” number of slaves — India was found to have over 18 million slaves, and China, which took second place, had over 3 million.

The report also listed nations with the highest proportions of slaves relative to their total populations: North Korea, Uzbekistan, Cambodia, India, and Qatar.

With over 1.1 million slaves in a nation of just over 25 million, North Korea had the highest proportion of victims, with 4.373 percent of the population subject to servitude. That amounts to roughly 1 in 20 North Korean citizens forced into slavery. As the report explains, in North Korea, “there is pervasive evidence that government-sanctioned forced labour occurs in an extensive system of prison labour camps while North Korean women are subjected to forced marriage and commercial sexual exploitation in China and other neighbouring states.”

The 2016 index further noted other instances of state-sponsored slavery, naming Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, Belarus, China, Eritrea, Russia, Swaziland, and Vietnam — as well as North Korea — as the worst offenders.

It also criticized North Korea, Iran, Eritrea, Equatorial Guinea, Hong Kong, Central African Republic, Papua New Guinea, Guinea, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and South Sudan for their lack of effort in combating slavery.

Interestingly, Iraq, Afghanistan, Yemen, Syria, Somalia, and Libya, all nations subject to U.S. military intervention, tied for sixth place in the list of oppressive countries by proportion to population — totaling several million designated modern slaves among them. But the researchers did not include these nations’ governments when they analyzed efforts to curb slavery, perhaps unintentionally highlighting yet another oppressive force in the contemporary human experience:

“Due to the ongoing conflict and extreme disruption to government function,” they note, “we have not included ratings for Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Syria or Yemen.”

Critics of the report challenged the statistical methods, arguing the analysts used “flawed methodology by extrapolating on-the-ground surveys in some countries to estimate numbers for other nations.” However, as Reutersreported, “Forrest said a lack of hard data on slavery in the past had held back efforts to tackle this hidden crime and it was important to draw a ‘sand in the line’ measurement to drive action.” He challenged critics to produce an alternative.

“Without measurement you don’t have effective management and there’s no way to lead the world away from slavery,”he said.

Discussing options for eradicating modern slavery, Forrest, an Australian mining billionaire and philanthropist, singled out businesses that fail to scrutinize slavery in the production of their products. “Businesses that don’t actively look for forced labour within their supply chains are standing on a burning platform. Business leaders who refuse to look into the realities of their own supply chains are misguided and irresponsible,” he said. As Reuters noted, the “2016 index again found Asia, which provides low-skilled labor in global supply chains producing clothing, food and technology, accounted for two-thirds of the people in slavery.”

Calling on leaders in government and civil society (as well as business), to work harder in eradicating modern slavery, Forrest ultimately waxed optimistic.

“Through our responsible use of power, strength of conviction, determination and collective will, we all can lead the world to end slavery,” he said.


This article (So, You Thought Slavery Was Dead? Think Again) is free and open source. You have permission to republish this article under a Creative Commons license with attribution to Carey Wedler and theAntiMedia.org. Anti-Media Radioairs weeknights at 11 pm Eastern/8 pm Pacific. If you spot a typo, please email the error and name of the article atedits@theantimedia.org.

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  1. Modern day slavery in low paying jobs. Its in every country even Ireland.

  2. The roots of toxic conduct!

  3. Where do our clothes come from? Sweat shops from other countries. Where do our cellphones and other cheap technology come from? Similar sweatshop-kind-of-factories in other countries. Even in the US, the people who pick our vegetables are often illegal immigrants who work 10+ hour days for a fraction of the minimum wage. Same with factory farms and slaughterhouses where we get meat, its mostly illegal immigrants now working for very low wages. It’s fucked up.

  4. The ONLY way we are going to end the use and abuse of many be the few…… is to EVOLVE to a completely moneyless society that takes away economic power of one being over another. http://www.ubuntuplanet.org

    • rudistade@live.ca' Rudi Stade says:

      Almost every religion started out as the words of an enlightened master, but was soon hijacked to become a form of mental slavery

  5. rudistade@live.ca' Rudi Stade says:

    Anyone paying compound interest on their mortgage or loan is a debt slave, so the total number is actually more like 6 billion

  6. rudistade@live.ca' Rudi Stade says:

    Blame the lack of hard data on the “sand in the line”

  7. SB Stolley SB Stolley says:

    Every time you buy Nike you are endorsing slavery.

  8. Exists several types of slavery.

  9. Look closer we are all slaves?☮

  10. How Nostalgia Can Improve Your Love Life
    ( 1st pls. Get known the meaning of word nostalgia before reading. )

    1. Nostalgia puts people in a social mindset.

    A number of studies indicate that nostalgic memories are social innature. These memories are focused on cherished life experiences, such as family vacations and holidays, that involve others close to you. In this way, nostalgia activates your social side and makes you more inclined to focus on your relationship needs.Advertisement
    2. Nostalgia increases social confidence

    Because nostalgic memories tend to focus on personally meaningful social experiences, people get a confidence boost when they revisit these memories. For example, studies show that just spending a few minutes writing about a nostalgic memory makes people feel more socially competent and more optimistic about their relationships, as well as their ability to resolve relationship problems.
    3. Nostalgia inspires social behavior.

    Not only does nostalgia put people in a social mindset and make them feel confident, it also increases our desire to spend time with others. Studies show that people are more likely to want to participate in activities involving others after listening to music that makes them nostalgic or spending a few minutes thinking or writing about a nostalgic memory. One study found that for single people, nostalgia increases the desire to pursue a romantic relationship.Advertisement
    4. Nostalgia improves relationship satisfaction.

    Another study found that when people who are already in a relationship engage in nostalgia, they increase their positive feelings about their relationship and romantic partner. Again, nostalgia is about cherished social memories. Revisiting these rewarding memories inspires people to see the positives in their current relationships.
    5. Nostalgia is energizing.

    Although it is common for people to think of nostalgia as focusing on the past because it involves thinking about past experiences, a number of studies reveal that nostalgia is as much about your future as it is about your history. Nostalgia increases optimism about the future, perceptions of youthfulness,creativity, and the desire to try new things and meet new people. In other words, when people revisit memories they cherish, they feel refreshed, hopeful, and motivated to make new memories. They want to continue seeking out opportunities to feel loved and important. In this way, nostalgia can give relationships a needed boost of energy and excitement.So how can you incorporate nostalgia into your relationship? First, if you want to use nostalgia, you need to make memories worthy of nostalgia. Work hard at planning activities that will create meaningful memories shared with your partner. This doesn’t mean taking an expensive or exotic vacation, but doing something special or out of the ordinary. Put on your creative hat and try to come up with a fun and unique date that you and your partner can talk about for years to come.Once you have memories worth revisiting, develop ways to do so with your partner. This might mean creating photo albums or another kind of keepsake that will remind you of special experiences. Music is a big trigger of nostalgia, so surprising your partner with a nostalgic playlist or CD could be a great way to bring the positive emotions from a cherished time to the surface.You can also take a piece of an old memory and make something new. Nostalgia doesn’t meanrepeating your past experiences: That can be boring. Instead, take the core positive features of that past experience and use them to come up with something novel. Maybe you have a great memory of spending time on a beach during your honeymoon. You don’t need to go back to the exact same beach to get the nostalgia benefit. Find a new beach destination. This will provide a way for you to connect with a previous memory, while building new memories and enjoying new experiences.Nostalgia is not about getting stuck in the past. It is about using our most cherished and meaningful experiences to stabilize and energize us in the present. Nostalgic memories remind us of the rewarding life experiences we’ve shared with the people we love. When we revisit these experiences, we are motivated to accumulate more of them. Nostalgia directs us toward all sorts of social goals. And this prioritization of social pursuits can be quite beneficial to romantic and other types of relationships.

  11. Dee Harris Dee Harris says:

    It’s called marriage. It’s disguised as love, which it isnt, and you have to BUY your freedom back if you even can.

  12. and that aint counting the millions of wage slaves to fiat currency so-called money.

  13. Unless the people all over the world are aware of how they are exploited by global powers slavery will exist forever.the more luxurious the more strugle and to be able to reach every new tecnological devices around us means that we are ready to be a slave.

  14. We all are slaves!, be farmer

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