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Computer Reads Brain Activity to Find Out the Music Each Person is Listening to

By Science Daily

Source:D’Or Institute for Research and Education

It may sound like sci-fi, but mind-reading equipment are much closer to become a reality than most people can imagine. A new study carried out at D’Or Institute for Research and Education used a Magnetic Resonance (MR) machine to read participants’ minds and find out what song they were listening to. The study, published today in Scientific Reports, contributes to the improvement of the technique and paves the way to new research on the reconstruction of auditory imagination and inner speech. In the clinical domain, it can enhance brain-computer interfaces in order to establish communication with locked-in syndrome patients.

In the experiment, six volunteers heard 40 pieces of classical music, rock, pop, jazz, and others. The neural fingerprint of each song on participants’ brain was captured by the MR machine while a computer was learning to identify the brain patterns elicited by each musical piece. Musical features such as tonality, dynamics, rhythm, and timbre were taken into account by the computer.

After that, researchers expected that the computer would be able to do the opposite way: identify which song participants were listening to, based on their brain activity — a technique known as brain decoding. When confronted with two options, the computer showed up to 85% accuracy in identifying the correct song, which is a great performance, comparing to previous studies.

Researchers then pushed the test even harder by providing not two but 10 options (e.g. one correct and nine wrong) to the computer. In this scenario, the computer correctly identified the song in 74% of the decisions.

In the future, studies on brain decoding and machine learning will create possibilities of communication regardless of any kind of written or spoken language. “Machines will be able to translate our musical thoughts into songs,” says Sebastian Hoefle, a researcher from D’Or Institute and Ph.D. student from Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The study is a result of a collaboration between Brazilian researchers and colleagues from Germany, Finland, and India.

According to Hoefle, brain decoding researches provide alternatives to understand neural functioning and interact with it using artificial intelligence. In the future, he expects to find answers for questions like “what musical features make some people love a song while others don’t? Is our brain adapted to prefer a specific kind of music?”


Story Source:

Materials provided by D’Or Institute for Research and EducationNote: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Sebastian Hoefle, Annerose Engel, Rodrigo Basilio, Vinoo Alluri, Petri Toiviainen, Maurício Cagy, Jorge Moll. Identifying musical pieces from fMRI data using encoding and decoding modelsScientific Reports, 2018; 8 (1) DOI: 10.1038/s41598-018-20732-3



Why Advanced Technology in Dental Implants Are Good for You

For severely damaged or missing teeth, you need dental implants with advanced technology. This is perhaps the only innovation that can bring back your smile. This is because these custom-made prosthetics look and behave the same as your natural teeth. Since these devices are inserted directly into your gums to fuse with the jawbone, you rest assured that you’ll have a lifetime smile. This article will explain more about this advanced technology in dental implants and why you should consider having them.

Dental implants placement

Thanks to the advanced technology in dental implants, many people can now have a realistic and functional teeth replacement. These implants feature supportive roots to behave like your natural teeth. There is even more good news if you have problems with your teeth. Many doctors can now perform a wide range of services, such as placement and restoration.

Turns out dental implants have a screw shape, helping them to mimic a natural tooth root. This artificial root usually made up of titanium metal integrates with your jaw. Even better, titanium is a biocompatible material, making it safe for you. Once it’s implanted, your bone will heal around it to provide the necessary support.

Dental implants normally come in three different types, such as the implant, the prosthesis, and the abutment. The implant refers to the part that is inserted into your bone, and this is the same part that integrates with your jawbone. The abutment is a piece that is put on top of the implant to anchor the prosthesis. The prosthesis, on the other hand, is the tooth part of the implant.

Tooth loss and dental implants

Many adults experience permanent tooth loss which can be devastating considering that it affects your smile and your ability to chew and bite. Even worse, with the loss of roots, it can affect the functions of your jawbone. You see, your jawbone needs some stimulation for it to be strong and healthy. As a result of the loss of this functionality, your jawbone can become weak, leading to the risk of future more tooth loss.

This is where dental implants become useful to the well-being of your jawbone. As explained above, implants are made of titanium which fuses with your jawbone. After integrating with your jawbone, the implants provide support to it.=

The benefits of dental implants

There are numerous benefits you can get by having dental implants. These include an improvement in your oral health, prevention of further jawbone deterioration, a long-lasting solution that prevents loss of even more teeth, and many more.

As you can see from the above benefits, you should always consider having dental implants if you have one or several missing teeth. Keep in mind that a missing tooth can result in various problems, such as bone recession, drifting of the neighboring teeth, leading to an unbalanced bite, and loss of natural smile.

For these reasons, your best option is to call the best dentist who has advanced dental technology to assist you. Thankfully, dental implants can be done for single or multiple teeth, and the procedure is easy to tolerate. However, if you have any discomfort after the procedure, ice or most of the anti-inflammatory medicines can give you pain relief.




How the Human Heart Functions as a Second Brain

Jacqueline & Pao Chang | Waking Times

The word “heart” is an anagram for the word “earth”. Hence, the phrase “home is where the heart is”.

Did you know that the human heart is the organ that generates the strongest electromagnetic field of any organ of the human body? In fact, the electromagnetic field of your heart can be measured up to a few feet away from your body. Furthermore, this energy field changes in relation to your emotions. One thing you should know about the electromagnetic field is that every organ and cell in your body generates an energy field.

Because the heart generates the strongest electromagnetic field, the information stored in its electromagnetic field affects every organ and cell in your body. Could this be why the heart is the first organ to function in a fetus? Besides generating the strongest electromagnetic field, the heart has an intelligence of its own, which is why certain neuroradiologists refer to it as the heart-brain or the fifth brain.

According to neuroradiologists, the heart is not only made of muscle cells but also neurons. Researchers at the Institute of HeartMath have done experiments proving that the heart’s role is not limited to just pumping blood. They believe it has intelligence and plays a major role in the perception of reality.

Related Article: This Short Meditation Will Relax You & Center You in Your Heart

Here is an excerpt from my book Staradigm that talks about the deeper roles of the heart:

The heart is one of the most important organs in the human body because it is one of the main mediums for connecting us to each other and the Universe. Conventional science has taught us that the main role of the heart is to pump blood to all the systems of the body. This definition of the heart is not very accurate. Besides pumping blood, the heart also has an intelligence of its own.

According to neuroradiologists, 60 to 65 percent of heart cells are neuron cells, not muscle cells.1This discovery has helped them to develop experiments that have proved the heart works similar to the brain and in some ways is even superior to the brain. This may be the reason why the heart is the first organ to function after conception. Within about 20 days after conception, the heart starts to function, but the brain does not function until after roughly 90 days. This information tells us that the brain is secondary to the heart.

The Heart, Brain, and Feelings

The brain and the heart are sometimes said to work in opposition. We are constantly trying to determine whether to place more emphasis on our thoughts or feelings. Rational people would say that the mind is the key to keeping us out of trouble, as the mind thinks in terms of what has the most payoff and is quite possible the safest or most calculated risk.

The heart, on the other hand, allows us to feel what is best at an internal level that connects to our intuition. Operating with either one of these alone, only the mind or the heart can sometimes lead us into trouble. The mind can be afraid to seek happiness outside of the comfort zone, and the heart sometimes urges decisions that are unknown and risky, but using the two in balance can bring great clarity to a person.

Related Article: Open Your Heart Chakra with This Simple Yoga Pose

Follow the heart is a common phrase that is tossed around, but it is not necessarily easy to enact. Follow the heart means letting deep feelings draw us one way or another without a logical answer or obvious reasoning. This organ provides a feeling of intuition or guidance, but we must have the contentment and the confidence to understand when it is pushing us in a direction, and then act upon this with complete faith in the outcome. Our feelings are what help us to understand the world beyond logic and therefore they are the keys to understanding the spiritual aspects of ourselves.

The Intelligence of the Heart

Some researchers and neuroradiologists are pushing the idea that the heart can actually act like another brain, helping to guide us with a different form of intelligence. Many physiological studies are currently being done regarding the interconnection of the heart and the brain, and why certain sensations and feelings are experienced at the level of the heart. Generally, love and certain emotional states are felt at the heart level, producing different physiological reactions of the heart.

Heartbeats have been found to be affected by inner states and emotions, including disorder in heart rhythms when we are experiencing stress or negative emotion. Conversely, when we are feeling positive, the heart rhythms are more cohesive and beat more regularly and steadily.

The nervous system of the heart contains roughly 40,000 neurons or sensory neurites. One of its roles is to monitor the heart’s hormones, neurochemicals, heart rate, and pressure information. The information about how these chemicals behave is also sent to the brain. The heart and brain are always communicating through the vagus nerve system and the electromagnetic field of the body. It is through this dynamic communication process that the consciousness of the heart can change how the brain process information. This process can also affect how energy flows in the body.

These findings indicate that the heart works with the brain and body, including the amygdala, to process emotions and incorporate emotional memories. The amygdala is the part of the brain that assists us in making decisions about incoming information and processing them based on our past experiences. This shows a link between the emotions and feelings and the actual brain and body physiology.

Other mental attitudes and stress also affect the body and our overall health, and these issues can be linked to the heart as well. Recent scientific research has determined that the emotions of anger, anxiety, and other negative feelings can significantly increase the risk of heart disease. Therefore, stressful situations and high anxiety levels negatively affect the heart as an organ.

Connecting the brain and the heart as its own emotional processing center is a topic that many researchers are focusing on. It has been shown that emotions experienced mentally will also manifest physically in the body, and feelings can affect the rhythms and beating of the heart. The best way to maintain a healthy heart is to not only eat a healthy diet but also incorporate meditation techniques to balance the energy of the heart and brain.

Why the Heart Holds the key to World Peace

The heart helps us to understand the world through feelings. It allows us to understand our reality in a universal kind of way, giving us universal characteristics. This biological electromagnetic field generator allows us to understand each other at the emotional level and beyond, giving us a sense of connection to all things. This emotional connection is what creates bonding between individuals.

When we learn how to think with our hearts, it becomes easier for us to understand others and live in harmony with them. For these reasons, the heart holds the key to uniting humanity and achieving world peace.

About the Author

Pao L. Chang is the author and founder of OmniThought.org and EnergyFanatics.com. His main goal is to empower you with the knowledge that is beyond the conventional paradigm to help free your mind and increase your spiritual well-being to a whole new level




Human Origins: Finally, We Have an Answer! | Gregg Braden

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_Q3S_XuOTOs

Video Source: Gregg Braden Official

Gregg Braden explores the DNA evidence that reveals a new story for human evolution (which differs drastically from Darwin). Many scientists once believed that they had solved the mystery of where we came from. But, they are beginning to see that there is a deeper explanation for the missing links of human evolution.



The World’s Fastest Supercomputer Has Been Tasked With Finding Cure For COVID-19

Image Credit: Blue Gene

By Aaron Kesel | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com

(TMU) — The world’s smartest and fastest supercomputer is just one tool in the arsenal of those racing to find a cure for COVID-19.

The Energy Department’s Summit supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory is being used by researchers to comb through a database of more than 8,000 existing compounds to see which combinations might prevent cell infection of COVID-19.

The research is currently ongoing, but with the help of Summit, scientists have already been able to perform simulations that resulted in outputs they believe will help pave the way for experimentation that can support researchers on their quest for a cure for the novel coronavirus.

Next Gov reports:

Energy in 2014 partnered with IBM, NVIDIA and Mellanox in a contract worth hundreds of millions to produce the Summit supercomputer to enhance civilian-focused scientific research, and also the Sierra supercomputer, which was designed for nuclear weapons simulations and is located at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. An Oak Ridge official confirmed Wednesday that Summit had not previously been used to address public health emergencies or virus outbreaks in the past.

But following the speedy outbreak of the new coronavirus strain, Smith found a relevant study recently published by Chinese scientists and realized he and his team “could take their work further,” with Summit’s help.”

To infect our cells, viruses bind to “spike” proteins (S-protein), injecting their genetic substance into host cells. However, if drug compounds bind to the spike proteins on a virus they could potentially block it from infecting humans. Unfortunately, the process of effectively narrowing down the range of drugs that could work in blocking the virus is very slow. Beyond that, each variable holds millions to billions of unique pieces of data. To make that effort faster researchers are using a supercomputer.

In any situation where time is a critical factor—for example, a health issue or a company trying to get a new product out to market—supercomputers can play a critical role through digital simulation. It would be prohibitively time-consuming for researchers to grow virus cultures and test them with the near-infinite amount of molecular compounds that exist in the physical world,” IBM’s Vice President, Exascale Systems Dave Turek told Nextgov. “So supercomputers like Summit can speed up that process by digitally simulating the effect to narrow down the range of possibilities researchers can look into.”

In other words, to put the Summit supercomputer’s advanced capabilities into perspective, Turek expressed to Nextgov that “if every person on Earth completed one calculation per second, it would take 305 days to do what Summit can do in 1 second!”

The team found 77 small-molecule compounds, such as medications and natural compounds, that they suspect may be of value for experimental testing according to a press release announcement on the study.

Several researchers have already claimed to have a vaccine for COVID-19. However, whether or not they used research from Summit is unknown. In fact, CNBC reports that there are at least nine companies working on a vaccine or treatment for COVID-19. While some have sensationally claimed to have a vaccine already developed like Medicago and Inovio Pharmaceuticals, which is backed by the Bill Gates foundation.

An Israeli research lab has also claimed to have created a vaccine or is weeks away from doing so. However, the Defense Ministry later denied those claims. Australia has also made claims to have developed a vaccine that was alleged to have been produced by researchers at the University of Queensland. And Chinese scientists claim to have developed a vaccine as well, according to China’s ambassador in Russia Zhang Hanhui, as quoted by Interfax.

The vaccine has already been developed in China; it shows the immunity [‘s capability to fight the virus]. But that’s just preliminary; one needs further checks and developments,” the diplomat said.

He also claimed that an effective medication against coronavirus was found.

The practice shows that Chinese drugs are effective. There hasn’t been a single case of complication, as long as the medicine is taken. The overall effectiveness rate of Chinese medications exceeds 85 percent [of all cases], in some areas it exceeds 90,” the Chinese diplomat said.

Others like Serum Institute the world’s largest vaccine manufacturer by volume claims that a vaccine won’t be available until 2022, a whopping two years.

Meanwhile here in the U.S. health officials are claiming that testing for a coronavirus vaccine can begin within just six weeks. This means there may be a potential promising breakthrough for a vaccine, but that doesn’t ensure safety. If all else fails there is still Summit to aid in the search for drugs that could help combat the highly infectious virus.




The Best One App to Spy on Phones

Fortunately, there are several software apps on the market that allow you to monitor your child’s smartphone use to make sure they are not misusing their devices or wasting their time on social media sites. But what is best one? See the details here: https://bestcellphonetrackerapps.com/. Below, we have information on the most popular cell phone spying software at this time, with a detailed product description, features and pricing information to help you choose the software for your monitoring needs.

The World Best App; Call mSpy

Our best determination among all telephone spying applications available is mSpy, the versatile following application that gives a bleeding edge answer for keep an eye on iPhones and Android. mSpy offers secure and reliable monitoring functions along with fast and responsive customer service to provide a total monitoring experience. After installation, you can immediately access all the data on the target device through the control panel that acts as a personal control card that allows you to view all the accumulated data in full reports.

MSpy Features

The application is designed for parents to monitor the use of their children’s cell phone with a versatile set of features such as tracking device phone calls, location tracking, access to text messages and multimedia files, and Be able to monitor instant messaging applications on your device, such as WhatsApp.

Location Tracking: You may not be with your children all day, but it is even more important for you to know where they are and, much more, to know if they are safe. The precise mSpy GPS tracker allows you to view the current location of the target device along with the detailed tracking history of the device over a period of time. All this information can be viewed comfortably from the mSpy control panel.

View Stored Files: View all photos, videos and audio recordings effortlessly using the camera phone, or receive them via instant messaging services.

Mobile Keylogger: The mSpy function saves all the keystrokes that are pressed on the device and is loaded into the Control Panel where you can see the keystrokes of the consolidated keys to see what your child looks for on the Internet or the messages he exchanges with the device.

Undetectable: The biggest advantage of using an application such as mSpy is that it provides an uninterrupted tracking experience with versatile features, while the user of the monitored device remains completely undetectable. Its undetectable feature allows you to discreetly monitor the device without the owner finding out that it is being monitored.

In addition to these revolutionary features, mSpy offers excellent and professional 24 × 7 customer service available in a variety of languages. The telephone spy application is also incredibly easy to install and use, with a 95% customer satisfaction rate, as a testament to the application’s tracking capabilities.

Prices

With all its amazing features and easy-to-use interface, the mSpy Premium version is available to buy here. If your tracking requirements are not as demanding, you can opt for the basic version for only $29.99 per month, however, this version will not allow you to track instant messages or access the key registration function.




An Ultimate Guide on How to Recondition a Car’s Battery

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You might be able to repair your car battery if it doesn’t carry a load or otherwise doesn’t suit. In most cases, sulfide arises as sulfur deposits on lead plates in the battery, preventing the electrical current. A car battery at home isn’t hard to repair. Sulfating allows the plate to become sticky, and the procedure is only three to five times successful. The necessary steps on how to recondition a car battery are written below.

Proceedings

1. Adjusting the battery

First, you have to disinfect the module terminals. There may be a lot of rust on the battery plates, and it is best to clean them before replacing the device. The size and set-up of each kind of a car battery can vary a little, so be sure to get to know the brand first.

Use the steel wool along with the water and the baking soda. Combine the water and the baking soda until a runny paste is formed and then add it to the terminals. Use the toothbrush to smooth the terminals or to clear the rust by using a ball of thread. Once it has been finished, it can be cleaned with water, and baked soda combination, then washed down and allowed to dry. It would be best if you switched to the next stage when it’s scorched.

2. Check the Voltage

First, you will want to monitor the battery voltage with your voltmeter. These are extremely low-cost to purchase, and they are quite self-explaining. Pick up and connect the voltmeter to the ends. The EZ Battery Reconditioning will also lead to boosting the car battery when you see less than 12.6v. If you see 0 volts, though, you’ll have to swap your battery with some short circuit.

3. Drain the Battery

Until you start with this phase, ensure you have protection on and appropriate clothes. Your glove should also be chemical tolerant to prevent battery acid from melting. Take the battery and slip beneath the screwdriver’s heads. Only move it a little and remove the caps quickly. When all of them are available, you’re ready to pour the acid into your plastic bucket. Hold the caps secure in the area to avoid you losing them.

Turn the battery gently aside and dump it into the tank. Go gently and politely, so you don’t spill or get it into your mouth. When the battery cells are clean, you will usually avoid the dead charge. Into the bowl, add around half a pound of baking soda to neutralize the old battery acid. Do not drain the pot, for the next move, you’re going to need it.

4. Clean the Cells

As the cells are drained, now combine half a pound of baking soda or half a gallon of distilled water. Use a plastic funnel for each cell until combined. When they are finished, it caps on the battery and shakes the battery to clean the inside. It requires only a minute or two, and the battery may be strong so that you can carry it quickly.

Once you have done, the caps can be removed, and the cleaning fluid can be poured into the tank. Now you have a ready-to-condition battery and a tub of liquid waste that can be disposed of safely.

5. Reconditioning

Now you have a cleaner battery for your engine; the time is right to refuel your batteries.  It raises the energy of your vehicle, which amplifies the battery and prevents Sulfating on plates that destroy the battery gradually.

Use half a pound Epsom salt plus half a gallon of hot purified water to produce the electrolyte. Into the second plastic bucket, dump the warm distilled water. Swirl the Epsom salt slowly and mix them. Once the water is completely clear, you’re ready to fill the electrolyte. After completion, bring the caps on again and move the battery a couple of minutes. You’re going to launch it now.

6. The final touch

Reconditioned batteries save money, but the strain within the cells can cause a lot of trouble, and it is the last thing you want to do. Take the battery charger and position it from the car battery as far as possible. Then attach the positive and negative sides accordingly. Now you’re going to slow charge the battery gradually and keep it for at least 1 1/2 days. You will be able to use the battery after waiting for that amount of time.




Your Brain Performs Better When It Slows Down (Video)

Video Source: BigThink

Best-selling author Steven Kotler visited Big Think to discuss the optimization of consciousness through flow states, a key topic in his recently published book, The Rise of Superman. The best way to describe a flow state is to use the example of practically every action movie released since The Matrix. Experiencing flow is similar to being in “bullet time.” Like Keanu Reeves’ Neo (though certainly not on his level), a person in flow obtains the ability to keenly hone their focus on the task at hand so that everything else disappears.

Kotler describes it like this:

“So our sense of self, our sense of self-consciousness, they vanish. Time dilates which means sometimes it slows down. You get that freeze frame effect familiar to any of you who have seen The Matrix or been in a car crash. Sometimes it speeds up and five hours will pass by in like five minutes. And throughout all aspects of performance, mental and physical, go through the roof.”

While this may sound like sci-fi hocus pocus, Kotler explains that beneath a flow state lies “a complicated mass of neurobiology.” There’s a common myth that humans only use about 10% of their brains. If we were to assume this (and we wouldn’t, because it’s bogus), an optimal performance would then mean the brain works harder and faster to achieve 100% efficiency. As Kotler explains, the 10% myth has it all backward:

“Inflow, parts of the brain aren’t becoming more hyperactive, they’re actually slowing down, shutting down. The technical term for this is transient, meaning temporary, hypofrontality. Hypo – H – Y – P – O – it’s the opposite of hyper means to slow down, to shut down, to deactivate. And frontality is the prefrontal cortex, the part of your brain that houses your higher cognitive functions, your sense of morality, your sense of will, your sense of self.”

The prefrontal cortex also calculates time. When we experience transient hypofrontality, we lose the ability to assess past, present, and future. As Kotler explains it, “we’re plunged into what researchers call the deep now.”

So what causes transient hypofrontality? It was once assumed that flow states are an affliction reserved only for schizophrenics and drug addicts, but in the early 2000s a researcher named Aaron Dietrich realized that transient hypofrontality underpins every altered state — from dreaming to mindfulness to psychedelic trips and everything in between.

Sometimes these altered states involve other parts of the brain shutting down. For example, when the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex disconnects, your sense of self-doubt and the brain’s inner critic get silenced. This results in boosted states of confidence and creativity.

Kotler describes it as his mission over the past 15 years to reclaim the study of flow states from “the hippie community” and place it back within the gaze of hard science. While researchers have been studying flow for over 140 years, recent advances in brain imaging technology have led to significant neuroscientific revelations and should lead to many more. Whether or not we’ll be able to develop a “Neo switch” so that bullet time can be all the time… well, I suppose it depends on just how far the rabbit hole goes.




Collecting Clean Water From Air, Inspired By Desert Life

New studies show options for gathering water from fog, condensation

By Laura Arenschield, Ohio State University

Humans can get by in the most basic of shelters, can scratch together a meal from the most humble of ingredients. But we can’t survive without clean water. And in places where water is scarce—the world’s deserts, for example—getting water to people requires feats of engineering and irrigation that can be cumbersome and expensive.

A pair of new studies from researchers at Ohio State University offers a possible solution, inspired by nature.

“We thought: ‘How can we gather water from the ambient air around us?’” said Bharat Bhushan, Ohio Eminent Scholar and Howard D. Winbigler Professor of mechanical engineering at Ohio State. “And so, we looked to the things in nature that already do that: the cactus, the beetle, desert grasses.”

Their findings were published Dec. 24 in the journal Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society. The works were co-authored with Ohio State Ph.D. student Dev Gurera and with Ohio State engineering researcher Dong Song.

Bhushan’s work focuses on finding nature-inspired solutions to societal problems. In this case, his research team looked to the desert to find a life that survives despite limited access to water.

The cactus, beetle and desert grasses all collect water condensed from nighttime fog, gathering droplets from the air and filtering them to roots or reservoirs, providing enough hydration to survive.

Drops of water collect on wax-free, water-repellant bumps on a beetle’s back, then slide toward the beetle’s mouth on the flat surface between the bumps. Desert grasses collect water at their tips, then channel the water toward their root systems via channels in each blade. A cactus collects water on its barbed tips before guiding droplets down conical spines to the base of the plant.

Bhushan’s team studied each of these living things and realized they could build a similar—albeit larger—system to allow humans to pull water from nighttime fog or condensation.

They started studying the ways by which different surfaces might collect water, and which surfaces might be the most efficient. Using 3D printers, they built surfaces with bumps and barbs, then created enclosed, foggy environments using a commercial humidifier to see which system gathered the most water.

READ THE REST OF THE ARTICLE…




Physicists Are Building a Quantum Teleporter Based on Black Holes

By Aaron Kesel | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com

(TMU) — A team of physicists plans to build a functional teleporter that aims to work as a bridge across two points in space using a simulation of two quantum entangled black holes utilizing quantum circuitry.

University of Maryland researchers Christopher Monroe and Brian Swingle told Quanta they believe they can build quantum circuitry that would function similarly to entangled black holes.

According to theoretical research from a few years back, two fully-entangled black holes should be able to transmit quantum information between them—rather than destroying it—after it passes one’s event horizon, Quanta Magazine reports.

Essentially these black holes would recreate a phenomenon called quantum teleportation, which engineers utilize when they build quantum computers. Basically quantum computing involves transmitting encrypted information from one machine to another.

According to earlier models, the circuitry would perform exactly how a tiny black hole might, Quanta reports. In other words, the experiment isn’t just attempting to recreate a black hole’s activity, it wants the circuits to be indistinguishable from the real thing!

If the project works as intended, the physicists would be able to input quantum information into one “black hole” circuit, which would scramble and then consume it. After a while, that information would pop out of the second circuit, already unscrambled and decrypted. However, what sets it apart from existing quantum teleportation methods, Quanta reports, is the transmitted information surfaces fully scrambled and then needs to be decrypted, making the process take longer and ends up being less accurate as an error-prone quantum computer tries to recreate the original communication.

If the researchers are successful, this will drastically improve quantum computing technology including the Internet. Recreating and entangling the properties of black holes, the University of California, Berkely researcher Norman Yao told Quanta, would “allow teleportation on the fastest possible timescale.”

In 1993, an international group of six scientists showed that perfect teleportation is possible in principle, or at least it didn’t break the perceived laws of physics. In 2017, Chinese scientists were able to “teleport” photons to a satellite 300 miles away, using a phenomenon called quantum entanglement.

Professor Michio Kaku of City University, New York previously expressed in a video that teleportation was within our grasp, stating that within the next decade we will teleport the first molecule. More recently Austrian and Chinese scientists have succeeded in teleporting three-dimensional quantum states or “qutrit” for the first time.

Teleportations of humans is an ethical issue since the person being teleported has to be destroyed or killed while using quantum teleportation, according to Kaku. The professor then proposes a question that science can’t answer yet: what happens to the soul when the original copy dies?

By Aaron Kesel | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com




Scientists Say That NASA Rover May Have Found Evidence of Life on Mars

By Elias Marat | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com

(TMU) — A team of international researchers believes that they may have found a sign that life once existed on Mars.

The proof comes in the form of special compounds known as thiophenes that were found on Mars by NASA’s Curiosity rover, according to a study published in the journal Astrobiology. Thiophenes can also be found here on Earth in coal, crude oil, and even white truffles—the much-coveted gourmet mushroom. And some astrobiologists feel that the compound’s presence on the Red Planet could hint at the possibility of ancient life once existing there.

In a statement, Washington State University astrobiologist and lead author Dirk Schulze-Makuch said:

“We identified several biological pathways for thiophenes that seem more likely than chemical ones, but we still need proof.”

However, the team isn’t jumping to conclusions that Mars once teemed with the complex life forms that exist on present-day Earth, let alone the possibility that it was rife with savory, sublime truffles. Instead, their study suggests that a biological process involving bacteria may be the cause behind the organic compound exiting on Martian soil.

Schulze-Makuch added:

“If you find thiophenes on Earth, then you would think they are biological, but on Mars, of course, the bar to prove that has to be quite a bit higher.”

Thiophenes are basically comprised of two bio-essential elements: sulfur and carbon. Astrobiologists remain unsure whether the compound was produced by biological processes or a non-biological event, such as a meteor impact that was able to heat sulfates to very high temperatures.

And if the compounds signal the existence of life long ago, they could have resulted from bacteria breaking down the sulfates roughly three billion years ago.

However, scientists are still not at the point where they are willing to make conclusions.

Yet the discovery has excited the researchers who hope that the ongoing exploration of the planet can shed more light on Martian history—and potentially life.

Schulze-Makuch said:

“As Carl Sagan said ‘extraordinary claims require extraordinary evidence.’

I think the proof will really require that we actually send people there, and an astronaut looks through a microscope and sees a moving microbe.”

By Elias Marat | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com




Physicist Says Parallel Universes Definitely Exist and We May Soon Explore Them

By Aaron Kesel | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com

(TMU) — Theoretical physicist Sean Carroll expressed that clues in the small-scale structure of the universe point to the existence of numerous parallel worlds.

The shocking comments were made on the Jeff Rogan Experience (JRE) podcast last year. Carroll says that the fact that tiny particles like electrons and photons don’t have one set location in the universe is evidence that there are many parallel universes.

Recently, in a follow-up interview with News.com.au, Carroll expanded his thoughts. “But there’s a lot more going on,” Carroll told News.com.au. “Not every world you imagine actually comes true.”

The common-sense rules of physics that rule our lives everyday make sense to us but at very minuscule scales common sense breaks down altogether. At the quantum level, the empty vacuum of space is filled with tiny particles constantly popping in and out of existence.

Bell’s theorem, a fundamental construct in quantum mechanics, may prove that multiverses exist. This theorem deals with situations where particles interact with each other, become entangled, and then go their separate ways, according to New Scientist.

There are still equations, physical rules, patterns that must be obeyed. Some possible alternate worlds can come true. But not all of them,” Carroll said.

In the past, Carroll has advanced some groundbreaking yet controversial theories on topics such as the Big Bang theory and the nature of time.

He has said that the universe didn’t start in a huge explosion as most people now believe, but instead, it is an infinitely old, constantly inflating entity in which time can run both forward and backward.

For Carroll, quantum physics is not something that can be broken down and explained in simpler terms.

As far as we currently know,” he writes. “Quantum mechanics isn’t just an approximation to the truth; it is the truth.”

Physics is stuck trying to understand the fundamentals of nature and the Big Bang,” Carroll said. “It’s time to take a step back and understand its foundations. It’s time to tackle our understanding of the quantum world.”

In 2011 physicist Brian Greene wrote a book exploring the possibility called The Hidden Reality: Parallel Universes and the Deep Laws of the Cosmos.

You almost can’t avoid having some version of the multiverse in your studies if you push deeply enough in the mathematical descriptions of the physical universe,” Greene told NPR“There are many of us thinking of one version of parallel universe theory or another. If it’s all a lot of nonsense, then it’s a lot of wasted effort going into this far-out idea. But if this idea is correct, it is a fantastic upheaval in our understanding.”

Even Stephen Hawking suggested that thanks to quantum mechanics, the Big Bang supplied us with an endless number of universes, not just one.

Up until this point understanding quantum physics and its realms has been impossible, but Carroll hopes that is changing thanks to technology.

Now we’re getting better at that,” Carroll says. “Technology has improved. Maybe things are going to change.”

Greene, Carroll, and Hawking may be right, and researchers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory in Tennessee want to find out if there are multiverses or mirror images of our own reality. The team was set to record experiments last year sending a beam of subatomic particles down a 50-foot tunnel, past a powerful magnet, and into an impenetrable wall.

If it exists, it would form a bubble of reality nestling within the fabric of space and time alongside our own familiar universe, with some particles capable of switching between the two,” lead researcher Leah Broussard told New Scientist.

By Aaron Kesel | Creative Commons | TheMindUnleashed.com




Evolved To Forgive: People Are More Forgiving Than You’d Think [VIDEO]

Source: SciShow

Scientists report that humans might be quick to judge, but we may have also evolved to be quick to forgive.

A recent study found that when assessing the moral character of others, people cling to good impressions but readily adjust their opinions about those who have behaved badly, according to new research.

This flexibility in judging transgressors might help explain both how humans forgive — and why they sometimes stay in bad relationships, said the study’s authors.

The research — conducted by psychologists at Yale, University of Oxford, University College London, and the International School for Advanced Studies — appeared Sept. 17 in the journal Nature Human Behaviour.

Sources:
We are predisposed to forgive, new research suggests
Beliefs about bad people are volatile

 




Elon Musk’s Plan to Save Humanity from the Artificial Intelligence Apocalypse

By Jake Anderson | The Anti-Media

(ANTIMEDIA) Last week, Elon Musk confirmed that his company, NeuraLink, is working on the development of a brain-machine interface (BMI). For the last couple of years, Musk has made no secret of his fears of artificial intelligence advancing to the point where it overtakes its human creators. Musk believes that in order to safeguard the human race against a superintelligent machine apocalypse, we must essentially become them: cyborgs whose minds are internally augmented by advanced computer systems. Along the way, he believes, this transition will spawn countless benefits — and profitable industries — for humans.

The concept of a brain-machine interface (BMI) remained in the realm of science fiction until fairly recently. Now there are multiple private endeavors and even a DARPA-led coalition. Currently, there are three early BMI models: motor cortex stimulation, artificial ears and eyes, and deep brain stimulation.

“We are aiming to bring something to market that helps with certain severe brain injuries (stroke, cancer lesion, congenital) in about four years,” Musk stated.

But these are just the earliest manifestations of what Musk believes will soon be a thriving industry. Tim Urban’s post at Wait But Why (make sure you have a head-scratching hour before you read) fleshed out some of the grittier details of what he basically refers to as the next phase of intelligent life on earth: the Wizard Era.

Musk envisions a world in which humans are outfitted with micro-sized “neural lace” technology. When it reaches its full potential, the effects will be nothing short of mind-blowing. We will be able to control physical objects with our thoughts, have conversations between minds with no words, and literally live other people’s experiences, including all forms of physical activity. Think of it as an amalgam of virtual reality and augmented reality but without any physical devices and telepathically controlled, a new “digital tertiary” layer of the brain.

Musk believes there will be therapeutic benefits, as well. By recording their neural patterns, people will be able to better manage psychiatric and emotional problems, heighten their sensory perceptions, and vastly augment their knowledge base with a cloud-based memory and knowledge storage. With such advanced emotional communication, there will be an opportunity to instill a greater sense of empathy in people, as they will actually experience what it feels like to be someone else.

But with great promise comes great peril. Musk acknowledges there are risks involved, such as mind hacking, trolling, and surveillance. All the normal destructive tendencies of humans may follow us up the ladder. As for as people reading our thoughts, though, Musk says not to worry:

People won’t be able to read your thoughts—you would have to will it. If you don’t will it, it doesn’t happen. Just like if you don’t will your mouth to talk, it doesn’t talk.

Musk believes that with OpenAI, his open-source non-profit artificial intelligence research company, he can democratize AI technology. Combined with NeuraLink, he believes this will lessen the existential risk posed by superintelligent machines by allowing us to keep up with the pace of augmentation.

Will humans embrace becoming machines? Musk, echoing futurist Ray Kurzweil, thinks the symbiosis will be natural, and that it has already started:

“The thing that people, I think, don’t appreciate right now is that they are already a cyborg. You’re already a different creature than you would have been twenty years ago or even ten years ago. You’re already a different creature. You can see this when they do surveys of like, ‘How long do you want to be away from your phone?’ and—particularly if you’re a teenager or in your 20s—even a day hurts. If you leave your phone behind, it’s like missing limb syndrome. I think people—they’re already kind of merged with their phone and their laptop and their applications and everything.”

There will be plenty of skeptics who believe this kind of technology is impossible, or that it won’t solve basic underlying problems with human civilization. But if humans are hardwired to be the way they are, if nature has coded them to have certain instincts and truths, perhaps they can be rewired and recoded in a way that frees them from biology. It certainly seems at least possible that a brain-machine interface could be the game-changing paradigm shift that allows humans to finally understand one another and achieve communion. That’s when the real advancement can begin.

Creative Commons / Anti-Media / Report a typo

Read more great articles at The Anti-Media.




The Days Are Getting Longer Each Year – But Very, Very Slowly

The moon is 45,000km further from Earth than it was 1.4bn years ago

By Ian Sample | The Guardian

If the day never seems long enough to get everything done, be grateful at least that times have changed. According to fresh calculations, a day on Earth was a full five hours and fifteen minutes shorter a billion or so years ago, well before complex life spread around the planet.

Scientists used a combination of astronomical theory and geochemical signatures buried in ancient rocks to show that 1.4bn years ago the Earth turned a full revolution on its axis every 18 hours and 41 minutes.

The number means that, on average, the length of the day on Earth has grown by approximately one 74 thousandths of a second per year since Precambrian times, a trend that is expected to continue for millions, if not billions, of years more.

As the Earth’s rotation gradually winds down, the moon moves further away. Writing in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Stephen Meyers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Alberto Malinverno at Columbia University in New York calculate that over the past 1.4bn years the moon has drifted about 44,000km from Earth to a distance of 384,400km.

Meyers and Malinvern set themselves the task of reconstructing changes in the distance between the Earth and the moon, and variations in Earth’s orbit, along with wobbles and tilts known as Milankovitch cycles, further back in time than ever before. Until now, it has been hard to work out reliable figures for more than 50m years ago.

Because Milankovitch cycles affect how much sun reaches the planet’s poles, they are prime drivers of climate change over timescales ranging from tens of thousands of years to millions of years. To pin down the frequency of the cycles in Earth’s deep history, the scientists looked at copper and aluminum ratios linked to climate change in the 1.4bn-year-old Xiamaling marine sediment in northern China, and the 55 m-year-old Walvis ridge in the south Atlantic, and fed these into a model.

“We were interested in reconstructing the Milankovitch cycles because they provide a powerful tool for evaluating the history of our planet, and the solar system. They are like signposts on a trail, allowing us to navigate geological history,” said Meyers. “For example, the identification of Milankovitch cycles in sediments spanning the past million years has revolutionized our understanding of the nature of ice ages, the instability of ice sheets, and how Earth’s climate system works.”

As for the moon, it will not retreat from Earth forever. At some point in the far future, it will reach a stable distance when it will be visible only from one half of Earth, and never seen from the other.

Read more great articles at The Guardian.