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University Study Determines that Fire Did NOT Bring Down World Trade Center Building 7 on 9/11

Source: AE911Truth

On September 11, 2001, at 5:20 PM, the 47-story World Trade Center Building 7 collapsed into its footprint, falling more than 100 feet at the rate of gravity for 2.5 seconds of its seven-second destruction.

The Architects & Engineers for 9/11 Truth are pleased to partner with the University of Alaska Fairbanks (UAF) in releasing the final report of a four-year computer modeling study of WTC 7’s collapse conducted by researchers in the university’s Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering.

We invite you to read the report and to watch Dr. Leroy Hulsey’s presentation at the UAF campus, where he first announced his team’s findings:

Read more great articles at AE911.




Gregg Braden: The Odds Are We’re Living in a SIMULATION – Here’s Why

Source: Gregg Braden Official

Gregg Braden describes what it means to be posthuman, and answers the question: is it possible that we are living in a simulated reality?

See ALSO:
Glitches in the Matrix – Multiple Short Videos Showing We May Be Living in a Simulation; Plus How YOU Can THRIVE




Study Reveals Substantial Evidence That We Live In a Holographic Universe

A sketch of the timeline of the holographic Universe. Time runs from left to right. The far left denotes the holographic phase and the image is blurry because space and time are not yet well defined. At the end of this phase (denoted by the black fluctuating ellipse), the Universe enters a geometric phase, which can now be described by Einstein’s equations. The cosmic microwave background was emitted about 375,000 years later. Patterns imprinted in it carry information about the very early Universe and seed the development of structures of stars and galaxies in the late time Universe (far right). Credit: Paul McFadden

Source: Phys.org

A UK, Canadian and Italian study has provided what researchers believe is the first observational evidence that our universe could be a vast and complex hologram.

Theoretical physicists and astrophysicists, investigating irregularities in the  (the ‘afterglow’ of the Big Bang), have found there is substantial evidence supporting a holographic explanation of the —in fact, as much as there is for the traditional explanation of these irregularities using the theory of cosmic inflation.

The researchers, from the University of Southampton (UK), University of Waterloo (Canada), Perimeter Institute (Canada), INFN, Lecce (Italy) and the University of Salento (Italy), have published findings in the journal Physical Review Letters.

, an idea first suggested in the 1990s, is one where all the information that makes up our 3-D ‘reality’ (plus time) is contained in a 2-D surface on its boundaries.

Professor Kostas Skenderis of Mathematical Sciences at the University of Southampton explains: “Imagine that everything you see, feel and hear in three dimensions (and your perception of time) in fact emanates from a flat two-dimensional field. The idea is similar to that of ordinary holograms where a three-dimensional image is encoded in a two-dimensional surface, such as in the hologram on a credit card. However, this time, the entire universe is encoded.”

Although not an example with holographic properties, it could be thought of as rather like watching a 3-D film in a cinema. We see the pictures as having height, width and crucially, depth—when in fact it all originates from a flat 2-D screen. The difference, in our 3-D universe, is that we can touch objects and the ‘projection’ is ‘real’ from our perspective.

In recent decades, advances in telescopes and sensing equipment have allowed scientists to detect a vast amount of data hidden in the ‘white noise’ or microwaves (partly responsible for the random black and white dots you see on an un-tuned TV) leftover from the moment the universe was created. Using this information, the team was able to make complex comparisons between networks of features in the data and . They found that some of the simplest quantum field theories could explain nearly all cosmological observations of the early universe.

Professor Skenderis comments: “Holography is a huge leap forward in the way we think about the structure and creation of the universe. Einstein’s theory of general relativity explains almost everything large scale in the universe very well but starts to unravel when examining its origins and mechanisms at a quantum level. Scientists have been working for decades to combine Einstein’s theory of gravity and quantum theory. Some believe the concept of a holographic universe has the potential to reconcile the two. I hope our research takes us another step towards this.”

The scientists now hope their study will open the door to further our understanding of the  and explain how space and time emerged.




HAPPY EARTH DAY! How Nature Can Make You Kinder, Happier, and More Creative

backpack mountains nature-compressed

By Jill Suttie | Greater Good Magazine

We are spending more time indoors and online. But recent studies suggest that nature can help our brains and bodies to stay healthy.

I’ve been an avid hiker my whole life. From the time I first strapped on a backpack and headed into the Sierra Nevada Mountains, I was hooked on the experience, loving the way being in nature cleared my mind and helped me to feel more grounded and peaceful.

But, even though I’ve always believed that hiking in nature had many psychological benefits, I’ve never had much science to back me up…until now, that is. Scientists are beginning to find evidence that being in nature has a profound impact on our brains and our behavior, helping us to reduce anxiety, brooding and stress, and increase our attention capacity, creativity, and our ability to connect with other people.

Related Article: The Frequency of Life: Getting Back to Nature For Good Health

“People have been discussing their profound experiences in nature for the last several 100 years—from Thoreau to John Muir to many other writers,” says researcher David Strayer, of the University of Utah. “Now we are seeing changes in the brain and changes in the body that suggest we are physically and mentally more healthy when we are interacting with nature.”

While he and other scientists may believe nature benefits our well-being, we live in a society where people spend more and more time indoors and online—especially children. Findings on how nature improves our brains bring added legitimacy to the call for preserving natural spaces—both urban and wild—and for spending more time in nature in order to lead healthier, happier, and more creative lives.

Here are some of the ways that science is showing how being in nature affects our brains and bodies.

mountain walk

1. Being in nature decreases stress

It’s clear that hiking—and any physical activity—can reduce stress and anxiety. But, there’s something about being in nature that may augment those impacts.

In one recent experiment conducted in Japan, participants were assigned to walk either in a forest or in an urban center (taking walks of equal length and difficulty) while having their heart rate variability, heart rate, and blood pressure measured. The participants also filled out questionnaires about their moods, stress levels, and other psychological measures.

Results showed that those who walked in forests had significantly lower heart rates and higher heart rate variability (indicating more relaxation and less stress), and reported better moods and less anxiety, than those who walked in urban settings. The researchers concluded that there’s something about being in nature that had a beneficial effect on stress reduction, above and beyond what exercise alone might have produced.

In another study, researchers in Finland found that urban dwellers who strolled for as little as 20 minutes through an urban park or woodland reported significantly more stress relief than those who strolled in a city center.

The reasons for this effect are unclear, but scientists believe that we evolved to be more relaxed in natural spaces. In a now-classic laboratory experiment by Roger Ulrich of Texas A&M University and colleagues, participants who first viewed a stress-inducing movie, and were then exposed to color/sound videotapes depicting natural scenes, showed much quicker, more complete recovery from stress than those who’d been exposed to videos of urban settings.

These studies and others provide evidence that being in natural spaces— or even just looking out of a window onto a natural scene—somehow soothes us and relieves stress.

2. Nature makes you happier and less brooding

I’ve always found that hiking in nature makes me feel happier, and of course, decreased stress may be a big part of the reason why. But, Gregory Bratman, of Stanford University, has found evidence that nature may impact our mood in other ways, too.

In one 2015 study, he and his colleagues randomly assigned 60 participants to a 50-minute walk in either a natural setting (oak woodlands) or an urban setting (along a four-lane road). Before and after the walk, the participants were assessed on their emotional state and on cognitive measures, such as how well they could perform tasks requiring short-term memory. Results showed that those who walked in nature experienced less anxiety, rumination (focused attention on negative aspects of oneself), and negative affect, as well as more positive emotions, in comparison to the urban walkers. They also improved their performance on memory tasks.

In another study, he and his colleagues extended these findings by zeroing in on how walking in nature affects rumination—which has been associated with the onset of depression and anxiety—while also using fMRI technology to look at brain activity. Participants who took a 90-minute walk in either a natural setting or an urban setting had their brains scanned before and after their walks and were surveyed on self-reported rumination levels (as well as other psychological markers). The researchers controlled for many potential factors that might influence rumination or brain activity—for example, physical exertion levels as measured by heart rates and pulmonary functions.

Even so, participants who walked in a natural setting versus an urban setting reported decreased rumination after the walk, and they showed increased activity in the subgenual prefrontal cortex, an area of the brain whose deactivation is affiliated with depression and anxiety—a finding that suggests nature may have important impacts on mood.

Bratman believes results like these need to reach city planners and others whose policies impact our natural spaces. “Ecosystem services are being incorporated into decision making at all levels of public policy, land use planning, and urban design, and it’s very important to be sure to incorporate empirical findings from psychology into these decisions,” he says.

GRAND CANYON

3. Nature relieves attention fatigue and increases creativity.

Today, we live with ubiquitous technology designed to constantly pull for our attention. But many scientists believe our brains were not made for this kind of information bombardment, and that it can lead to mental fatigue, overwhelm, and burnout, requiring “attention restoration” to get back to a normal, healthy state.

Strayer is one of those researchers. He believes that being in nature restores depleted attention circuits, which can then help us be more open to creativity and problem-solving.

“When you use your cell phone to talk, text, shoot photos, or whatever else you can do with your cell phone, you’re tapping the prefrontal cortex and causing reductions in cognitive resources,” he says.

In a 2012 study, he and his colleagues showed that hikers on a four-day backpacking trip could solve significantly more puzzles requiring creativity when compared to a control group of people waiting to take the same hike—in fact, 47 percent more. Although other factors may account for his results—for example, the exercise or the camaraderie of being out together—prior studies have suggested that nature itself may play an important role. One in Psychological Science found that the impact of nature on attention restoration is what accounted for improved scores on cognitive tests for the study participants.

This phenomenon may be due to differences in brain activation when viewing natural scenes versus more built-up scenes—even for those who normally live in an urban environment. In a recent study conducted by Peter Aspinall at Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, and colleagues, participants who had their brains monitored continuously using mobile electroencephalogram (EEG) while they walked through an urban green space had brain EEG readings indicating lower frustration, engagement, and arousal, and higher meditation levels while in the green area, and higher engagement levels when moving out of the green area. This lower engagement and arousal may be what allows for attention restoration, encouraging a more open, meditative mindset.

It’s this kind of brain activity—sometimes referred to as “the brain default network”—that is tied to creative thinking, says Strayer. He is currently repeating his earlier 2012 study with a new group of hikers and recording their EEG activity and salivary cortisol levels before, during, and after a three-day hike. Early analyses of EEG readings support the theory that hiking in nature seems to rest people’s attention networks and to engage their default networks.

Strayer and colleagues are also specifically looking at the effects of technology by monitoring people’s EEG readings while they walk in an arboretum, either while talking on their cell phone or not. So far, they’ve found that participants with cell phones appear to have EEG readings consistent with attention overload, and can recall only half as many details of the arboretum they just passed through, compared to those who were not on a cell phone.

Though Strayer’s findings are preliminary, they are consistent with other people’s findings on the importance of nature to attention restoration and creativity.

“If you’ve been using your brain to multitask—as most of us do most of the day—and then you set that aside and go on a walk, without all of the gadgets, you’ve let the prefrontal cortex recover,” says Strayer. “And that’s when we see these bursts in creativity, problem-solving, and feelings of well-being.”

family hike

4. Nature may help you to be kind and generous

Whenever I go to places like Yosemite or the Big Sur Coast of California, I seem to return to my home life ready to be more kind and generous to those around me—just ask my husband and kids! Now some new studies may shed light on why that is.

In a series of experiments published in 2014, Juyoung Lee, GGSC director Dacher Keltner, and other researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, studied the potential impact of nature on the willingness to be generous, trusting, and helpful toward others, while considering what factors might influence that relationship.

As part of their study, the researchers exposed participants to more or less subjectively beautiful nature scenes (whose beauty levels were rated independently) and then observed how participants behaved playing two economics games—the Dictator Game and the Trust Game—that measure generosity and trust, respectively. After being exposed to the more beautiful nature scenes, participants acted more generously and more trusting in the games than those who saw less beautiful scenes, and the effects appeared to be due to corresponding increases in positive emotion.

In another part of the study, the researchers asked people to fill out a survey about their emotions while sitting at a table where more or less beautiful plants were placed. Afterward, the participants were told that the experiment was over and they could leave, but that if they wanted to they could volunteer to make paper cranes for a relief effort program in Japan. The number of cranes they made (or didn’t make) was used as a measure of their “prosociality” or willingness to help.

Related Article: Creating Connection: Finding Balance Between Nature and Man.

Results showed that the presence of more beautiful plants significantly increased the number of cranes made by participants and that this increase was, again, mediated by positive emotion elicited by natural beauty. The researchers concluded that experiencing the beauty of nature increases positive emotion—perhaps by inspiring awe, a feeling akin to wonder, with the sense of being part of something bigger than oneself—which then leads to prosocial behaviors.

Support for this theory comes from an experiment conducted by Paul Piff of the University of California, Irvine, and colleagues, in which participants staring up a grove of very tall trees for as little as one minute experienced measurable increases in awe, and demonstrated more helpful behavior and approached moral dilemmas more ethically, than participants who spent the same amount of time looking up at a high building.

nature-hike

5. Nature makes you “feel more alive”

With all of these benefits to being out in nature, it’s probably no surprise that something about nature makes us feel more alive and vital. Being outdoors gives us energy, makes us happier, helps us to relieve the everyday stresses of our overscheduled lives, opens the door to creativity, and helps us to be kind to others.

No one knows if there is an ideal amount of nature exposure, though Strayer says that longtime backpackers suggest a minimum of three days to really unplug from our everyday lives. Nor can anyone say for sure how nature compares to other forms of stress relief or attention restoration, such as sleep or meditation. Both Strayer and Bratman say we need a lot more careful research to tease out these effects before we come to any definitive conclusions.

Still, the research does suggest there’s something about nature that keeps us psychologically healthy, and that’s good to know…especially since nature is a resource that’s free and that many of us can access by just walking outside our door. Results like these should encourage us as a society to consider more carefully how we preserve our wilderness spaces and our urban parks.

And while the research may not be conclusive, Strayer is optimistic that science will eventually catch up to what people like me have intuited all along—that there’s something about nature that renews us, allowing us to feel better, to think better, and to deepen our understanding of ourselves and others.

“You can’t have centuries of people writing about this and not have something going on,” says Strayer. “If you are constantly on a device or in front of a screen, you’re missing out on something that’s pretty spectacular: the real world.”

mountains of awe
About The Author

Jill Suttie, Psy.D., is Greater Good‘s book review editor and a frequent contributor to the magazine.




WATCH: Are We Living in a Simulated Reality? If So, Why? | Gregg Braden

Source: Gregg Braden Official

In this video, Gregg Braden addresses reincarnation and simulated reality. Recently, supercomputer algorithms calculation showed that we are most likely living in a simulated reality rather than a virtual reality. If this is the case, then we need to ask ourselves – where exactly are we? Who created this simulation? And most importantly, why are we here?

Related article: Simulation Theory and “A Glitch in the Matrix” | Cynthia Sue Larson




Body Language Analyst REACTS to WILL SMITH/CHRIS ROCK SLAP at 2022 Oscars. WAS IT STAGED?

Scource: The Behavioral Arts

Spidey, an award-winning behavior analyst, provides a brilliant analysis of the Will Smith / Chris Rock slap AND Will Smith’s acceptance speech to answer the question: was it staged?

Will Smith shocked the world when he slapped Chris Rock at the 2022 Academy Awards after the comedian made a joke about the Oscar-winning actor’s wife, Jada Pinkett Smith. But was the confrontation real or staged? Learn expert-level body language and behavior analysis and find out what to look for to know when people are lying to you!
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Jim Carey’s Reaction to the Slap:

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Full Video of the Slap:

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Full Acceptance Speech:




Gregg Braden: The Difference Between Fractals and Holograms, and What They Mean in Our Lives

Video Source: Gregg Braden Official 

In this Q&A episode, Gregg Braden addresses two questions regarding the difference between fractals and holograms, and what they mean in our lives…




AI “Nanny” Being Created by Chinese Scientists to Grow Babies in Robot Wombs

Source: The Mind Unleashed

The artificial intelligence nanny has arrived. Robots and artificial intelligence (AI) may now be used in conjunction to optimize the generation of human life, marking a significant milestone in science.

Robotics and artificial intelligence can now assist in the development of newborns via the use of algorithms and artificial wombs, which is eerily similar to what we see in the cult classic, The Matrix.

According to the South China Morning Post, Chinese experts in Suzhou have pioneered the development of the latest technological breakthrough. However, there are concerns about the ethical implications of raising human beings in an artificial environment.

The discoveries were published in the peer-reviewed Journal of Biomedical Engineering by Suzhou-based scientists. The AI nanny, according to the researchers, might aid in the growth of human kids in a “long-term embryo culture device.”

This artificial womb is a big machine containing compartments for individual fetuses. The infants will be fed as they would be in a real womb if they are in the chamber, which will be filled with an optimized mix of “nutritious fluids.”

Artificial Womb in “The Matrix”

In what seems sort of eugenics-y, a record of embryo health and “developmental potential” will be kept on file by the software over the duration of the embryo’s development.

It probably won’t happen any time soon…

At the moment, the new technology is being utilized to assist in the development of animal embryos that are developing into fetuses in the laboratory. This is due to the fact that the act of experimenting on human embryos older than two weeks is prohibited under international law.

Additionally, as the SMCP points out, surrogacy is prohibited in China. Because artificial wombs would effectively convert a hospital or laboratory into a mother under Chinese legislation, the technology is unlikely to be deployed in the area anytime soon.

Having said that, the development of artificial wombs is not a new concept. While this is not a new discovery, bringing the technology into human mass production and mixing it with ranking AI is, and it is a development that is quite dystopian sounding.

Of course, not everything is a hopeless dystopia…

Although the thought of artificially developing human infants is a far-fetched one, there are certain advantages to it. In the past, for example, the process of producing kids within people has been a lengthy, drawn-out, and unpleasant process, and this could potentially aid mothers who would like to have children but are currently unable to, without having to use a human surrogate. After all, the population is about to start shrinking by the billions by the end of the century and fertility rates around the globe are collapsing at a frightening rate.

This seems like more of a “when” rather than an “if”…

When artificial human growth becomes available, it will enable couples who would otherwise be in danger during delivery to have children. An adoption is also an option for thousands of children currently in foster care who may be placed in permanent families.




WATCH: The AirCar Just Got Certified To Fly


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Source: KleinVision

Watch video footage of the very first flying car to receive an airworthiness certificate. The AirCar is developed by KleinVision, founded by Stefan Klein. It just received its airworthiness certificate from the Slovakian Transport Authority.

The challenging flight tests included the full range of flight and performance maneuvers and demonstrated an astonishing static and dynamic stability in the aircraft mode. AirCar flew 70+ hours of test flights, including cross country with 200 takeoffs and landings.

“AirCar certification opens the door for mass production of very efficient flying cars,” its creator, Stefan Klein, said. “It is official and the final confirmation of our ability to change mid-distance travel forever.”




The Possibilities of the Metaverse

The term “metaverse” has been thrown around with abandon recently, but it seemed to come out of nowhere. Made most prevalent by Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg’s announcement that the company was changing its umbrella name to Meta, a nod to the metaverse, the question still remains: what is the metaverse? “Ultimately we’re talking about creating another reality, another world, that’s as rich as the real world”, explains Rev Lebaredian, vice president of tech company Nvidia. Nvidia’s Omniverse is one of the pioneering virtual platforms that is actually making it possible for different people, each in their own 3-D world, to meet and interact in a shared virtual space. This could help in facilitating video conferencing, interactive games, and even the movement of digital goods across virtual worlds.

Imagine a team of moviemakers, one in China, one in the UK and another in the USA, collaborating to create scenes for a film, one of them in charge of the lighting, another the special effects, and the third doing the animation. These kinds of exciting prospects are getting people excited, not least traders who are interested in gaining exposure to the burgeoning virtual marketplaces. They may have come across this technology through their involvement with cryptocurrencies, but now the metaverse has become a focus of interest in its own right.

Real Estate in the Metaverse

The metaverse is still being conceived and developed, because “We’re still trying to figure out the convergence of physical and digital worlds”, says tech strategist Cathy Hackl. But even in December 2021, 50,000 people attended a music festival in a place that you will find nowhere on the map – Decentraland. At Somnium Space, a new virtual reality world, you can buy virtual space for about $10,000. If you prefer the view in Decantraland or Sandbox, you’ll have to pay at least $14,000. Exclusive retailers Louis Vuitton and Gucci are already proud owners of virtual land.

People like Andrew Kiguel, CEO of Tokens.com, are very optimistic about metaverse real estate. “The more visitors who come, the more valuable the land, and the more a retailer and advertisers will be willing to spend to reach those people”, he says. Kiguel bought half of the meta real estate company called Group for $1.7 million and then paid out $2.5 million for portions of virtual land, expecting brands to grow interested in his metaspace. “I feel very, very confident about this”, he says. “I think we’re going to see a quick appreciation and monetize renting that land and space very soon”.

Highflyers in Years to Come

Facebook changed its name to Meta, indicating its intention to probe the metaverse arena in the coming years. Their Reality Labs division, which spends its time in the metaverse, already claims 20% of the company’s workforce as its own. Meta seems to be one of the companies that are set on pioneering this growing new marketplace. Gene Munster of Loup Funds expects Facebook and Apple to soon compete in producing cheap and user-friendly metaverse headsets. Munster believes that “Companies building the metaverse will surely benefit” in 2022, more than “companies with less earnings”.

Another company that is setting its own path in the metaverse is Unity, which is creating software that allows people to create their own metaverses. The company’s platform hosts 1.5 million users every month. Matteport can help you make a virtual copy of your office building and put it on the cloud. This technology could create virtual doubles of theme parks, beaches, or the Taj Mahal, but it can also be used on a simple smartphone, and this simplicity could make it useful. So far, 439,000 people count themselves as subscribers to the platform.

Around the Corner

If you want to be inspired about the future of the metaverse, take a look at what Nvidia is doing now with its Omniverse. It’s based on USD (Universal Scene Description) which was produced by Pixar. The Omniverse can simulate the way the real world works, in terms of the movements of liquids, gases and solids. It’s not just a representation of the real world in a different format: it copies the world in all its details. This amazing development is being used by BMW to create a virtual factory, run by the same software that keeps the real factory going. Ericsson has also used it to simulate the movements of 5G waves in city landscapes.

The metaverse is the next expression of blockchain technology after cryptocurrencies and NFTs. Watch out for the next bold move from any of the pioneer companies working in the field, which may open whole new possibilities in our home and work lives. The metaverse is also the subject of increasing trader enthusiasm, so keep an eye on the financial news to stay in touch with the growth of the meta giants.




What Causes a Tsunami? An Ocean Scientist Explains the Physics of These Destructive Waves

On Jan. 15, 2022, coastal areas across California were placed under a tsunami warning.
Gado via Getty Images

On Jan. 15, 2022, the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano in Tonga erupted, sending a tsunami racing across the Pacific Ocean in all directions.

As word of the eruption spread, government agencies on surrounding islands and in places as far away as New Zealand, Japan, and even the U.S. West Coast issued tsunami warnings. Only about 12 hours after the initial eruption, tsunami waves a few feet tall hit California shorelines – more than 5,000 miles away from the eruption.

I’m a physical oceanographer who studies waves and turbulent mixing in the ocean. Tsunamis are one of my favorite topics to teach my students because the physics of how they move through oceans is so simple and elegant.

Waves that are a few feet tall hitting a beach in California might not sound like the destructive waves the term calls to mind, nor what you see in footage of tragic tsunamis from the past. But tsunamis are not normal waves, no matter the size. So how are tsunamis different from other ocean waves? What generates them? How do they travel so fast? And why are they so destructive?

A satellite view a large ash cloud and shockwave.
When the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano erupted, it launched ash into the atmosphere, created a powerful shock wave and displaced a huge amount of water, generating a tsunami that raced across the ocean.
Japan Meteorological Agency via WikimediaCommons, CC BY

Deep displacement

Most waves are generated by wind as it blows over the ocean’s surface, transferring energy to and displacing the water. This process creates the waves you see at the beach every day.

Tsunamis are created by an entirely different mechanism. When an underwater earthquake, volcanic eruption or landslide displaces a large amount of water, that energy has to go somewhere – so it generates a series of waves. Unlike wind-driven waves where the energy is confined to the upper layer of the ocean, the energy in a series of tsunami waves extends throughout the entire depth of the ocean. Additionally, a lot more water is displaced than in a wind-driven wave.

Imagine the difference in the waves that are created if you were to blow on the surface of a swimming pool compared to the waves that are created when someone jumps in with a big cannonball dive. The cannonball dive displaces a lot more water than blowing on the surface, so it creates a much bigger set of waves.

Earthquakes can easily move huge amounts of water and cause dangerous tsunamis. Same with large undersea landslides. In the case of the Tonga tsunami, the massive explosion of the volcano displaced the water. Some scientists are speculating that the eruption also caused an undersea landslide that contributed to a large amount of displaced water. Future research will help confirm whether this is true or not.

This simulation from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration shows how tsunami waves propagated away from an earthquake that occurred about 600 miles from Tonga in 2021.

Tsunami waves travel fast

No matter the cause of a tsunami, after the water, is displaced, waves propagate outward in all directions – similarly to when a stone is thrown into a serene pond.

Because the energy in tsunami waves reaches all the way to the bottom of the ocean, the depth of the seafloor is the primary factor that determines how fast they move. Calculating the speed of a tsunami is actually quite simple. You just multiply the depth of the ocean – 13,000 feet (4,000 meters) on average – by gravity and take the square root. Doing this, you get an average speed of about 440 miles per hour (700 kilometers per hour). This is much faster than the speed of typical waves, which can range from about 10 to 30 mph (15 to 50 kph).

This equation is what oceanographers use to estimate when a tsunami will reach faraway shores. The tsunami on Jan. 15 hit Santa Cruz, California, 12 hours and 12 minutes after the initial eruption in Tonga. Santa Cruz is 5,280 miles (8,528 kilometers) from Tonga, which means that the tsunami traveled at 433 mph (697 kph) – nearly identical to the speed estimate calculated using the ocean’s average depth.

A flooded airport runway covered in debris.
Many tsunamis, including the 2011 Tsunami in Japan, move inland and can flood areas far from the coast.
U.S. Air Force photo/Staff Sgt. Samuel Morse via WikimediaCommons

Destruction on land

Tsunamis are rare compared to ubiquitous wind-driven waves, but they are often much more destructive. The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami killed 225,000 people. More than 20,000 lost their lives in the 2011 Japan tsunami.

What makes tsunamis so much more destructive than normal waves?

An animation showing waves approaching a shoreline.
As waves approach shore, they get pushed upward by the rising seafloor.
Régis Lachaume via Wikimedia Commons, CC BY-SA

In the open ocean, tsunami waves can be small and may even be undetectable by a boat at the surface. But as the tsunami approaches land, the ocean gets progressively shallower and all the wave energy that extended thousands of feet to the bottom of the deep ocean gets compressed. The displaced water needs to go somewhere. The only place to go is up, so the waves get taller and taller as they approach the shore.

When tsunamis get to shore, they often do not crest and break like a typical ocean wave. Instead, they are more like a large wall of water that can inundate land near the coast. It is as if sea level were to suddenly rise by a few feet or more. This can cause flooding and very strong currents that can easily sweep people, cars and buildings away.

Luckily, tsunamis are rare and not nearly as much of a surprise as they once were. There is now an extensive array of bottom pressure sensors, called DART buoys, that can sense a tsunami wave and allow government agencies to send warnings prior to the arrival of the tsunami.

If you live near a coast – especially on the Pacific Ocean where the vast majority of tsunamis occur – be sure to know your tsunami escape route for getting to higher ground, and listen to tsunami warnings if you receive one.

The eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano severed the main communication cable that connects the people of Tonga to the rest of the world. While the science of tsunamis can be fascinating, these are serious natural disasters. Only a few deaths have been reported so far from Tonga, but many people are missing and the true extent of the damage from the tsunami is still unknown.The Conversation

By Sally Warner, Assistant Professor of Climate Science, Brandeis University

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.




How Anthony Fauci Controls Science Globally | Dr. Joseph Mercola

Source: Mercola.com 

Story at-a-glance

  • Robert F. Kennedy Jr. succinctly summarizes how Dr. Anthony Fauci wields his power to control and manipulate science across the globe
  • It’s Fauci’s job to conduct research on chronic diseases to figure out their etiology and environmental causes to protect public health, but instead, he turned the NIAID into an incubator for pharmaceuticals
  • Fauci has a $7.6 billion annual budget that he uses to develop new drugs, which he then farms out to universities
  • Fauci’s control — in collusion with that of Bill Gates — has rendered the majority of global scientific research nothing more than pharmaceutical propaganda
  • Fauci shares drug patents with universities sell them to drug companies, splits the patents with them, and walks those drugs through the FDA approval process, which he also controls; once approved, Fauci himself often profits

Robert F. Kennedy Jr. succinctly summarizes how Dr. Anthony Fauci wields his power to control and manipulate science in this riveting episode of The Jimmy Dore Show.1 Fauci has been painted as a hero throughout the pandemic, an image that is not only misleading but wildly inaccurate, as detailed in Kennedy’s best-selling book, “The Real Anthony Fauci.”

“I wrote the book because so many Americans were looking at Tony Fauci as this kind of savior,” Kennedy said. “… [T]he man on the white horse, or in the white lab coat, that would ride us out of this coronavirus crises but I knew from the beginning … that he does not do public health and has not done public health since the 1980s.”2,3

Rather than looking out for public health, Fauci and his agency, the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), prioritize pharmaceutical promotion. Kennedy refers to Fauci as the “leader of the pack” when it comes to those promoting pharmaceutical products, profiteering from Big Pharma, and promoting their own personal power.

Public Health Plummeted During Fauci’s Reign

In 1984, when Fauci was appointed director of NIAID, 11.8% of Americans had a chronic disease, but this has risen sharply since.4 Fauci doesn’t talk about this public health failure — at least not publicly — but as Kennedy noted, it was Fauci’s job to figure out why cases of autism, food allergies, ADHD, sleep disorders, juvenile diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and much other chronic and infectious diseases have skyrocketed.

It was Fauci’s job to conduct research on these diseases to figure out their etiology and environmental causes to protect public health, but instead, he turned the NIAID into an incubator for pharmaceuticals. According to Kennedy:5

“When Tony Fauci came in, 6% of American children had chronic disease. By 2006, 54% had it. We went from being the healthiest country in the world with the healthiest children to the sickest. Literally, we do not even qualify as a developed nation. We are 79th in the world, behind Nicaragua and Costa Rica in terms of our health outcomes.

And why did that happen? Well, the one figure who is more responsible for that than anybody else in the world is Tony Fauci. He is the reason we take more pharmaceutical drugs than any other nation in the world. Three times the average among western countries. We pay the highest prices and have the worst outcomes.”

Fauci’s Multibillion-Dollar Budget Gives Him Immense Power

Fauci has a $7.6 billion annual budget, which in total during his entire tenure is more than half a trillion dollars that he’s been in control of. Instead of using that to reveal the environmental issues leading to outbreaks of chronic disease, he uses the money to develop new drugs, Kennedy explains, which he then farms out to universities:6

“He shares the patents with them, and then he sells them to the drug companies, splits the patents with them, and he walks those drugs through the FDA approval process, which he completely controls from the bottom up. And then he gets them approved and in many cases he himself profits. People within his agency can collect $150,000 a year from royalties off each of these products.”

The NIH owns half the patent for Moderna’s COVID-19 injection, which means that it stands to make billions of dollars as a result. Four of Fauci’s top deputies will also collect $150,000 a year for life as a result — from a product they’re responsible for regulating, an obvious massive conflict of interests.

“The mercantile and commercial interests have overwhelmed the regulatory function at that agency and it no longer does public health — it does pharmaceutical promotion,” Kennedy said.7 As an example, between 2009 and 2016 there were 240 new drugs approved by the FDA, all of which came out of Fauci’s “shop,” he added. “He is the incubator for the whole pharmaceutical industry.”8

How Fauci Controls Science Globally

Fauci has spread the notion that he is untouchable, going so far as to tell MSNBC that an attack on him is an attack on science:9

“It’s very dangerous … because a lot of what you’re seeing as attacks on me quite frankly are attacks on science, because all of the things that I have spoken about consistently from the very beginning, have been fundamentally based on science.”

Throughout the pandemic, “trusting the science” has become a cultural statement and propaganda tool, but one that’s far from what true science is all about. Far from being a source of independent science, in essence, Fauci’s control — in collusion with that of Bill Gates — has rendered the majority of global scientific research nothing more than pharmaceutical propaganda. Kennedy explains:10

“Every virologist in the world knew that the coronavirus was engineered. All you have to do is look at the genome. Everybody knew that and they kept silent for a year, and here’s how. He gives away $7.6 billion a year. That’s two to three times what [Bill] Gates gives away. Him and Gates work tandemly. They partner up on everything. They talk together a couple times a week.

They are business partners … in 2000, in Gates’ library, the two of them got together and they formally formed a partnership. You take those two and one other guy — Jeremey Farrar — who is their other de facto partner who is the head of the Wellcome Trust, which is the U.K. version of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Between those three men, they control 61% of the biomedical research funding on Earth.

So if you want to get your study funded, you’ve got to go to those guys. Not only can they give you the money, but they also can kill a study because they control all of the other funding sources. They can kill a study, they can ruin a career, they can bankrupt colleges who do science that they don’t want done. So they are able to really dictate virtually all the science on the globe.”

Drug Companies and Universities All Benefit

Kennedy gives a theoretical example of how Fauci yields his immense power to influence science: In his lab, Fauci develops a molecule that kills a virus. This is done by scientists dropping molecules onto one of the countless viruses — influenza, Ebola, coronaviruses, zika, and others — in Petri dishes and test tubes to see if it kills them. If the molecule works to kill the virus in a petri dish, they move on to testing it on rats infected with the virus.

“If the rats don’t die, now he’s got a drug,” he says. “It’s antiviral and it’s usable in mammals because it will kill the virus but it won’t kill the mammal. Then he farms it out to the university.”11 There, a PI, or principal investigator, who is usually a person of power, such as the dean of a department, does a phase I trial, experimenting on animals and around 100 humans. Kennedy explains:12

“For each of the humans that he recruits — he’s a medical doctor, he brings in patients, persuades them to take part in the study — Tony Fauci’s agency gives him $15,000 for every one of those patients. The university keeps 50% of that so now they’re also part of this process. And then if the drug gets through that phase I, then they move on to phase 2 and phase 3. So now they have to bring in 20,000 or 30,000 people.

They bring in a drug company as a partner, and they go through the phase 2 and phase 3 [trials], and then at the end of it, they all split up the patents. So the drug company owns half, Tony Fauci’s agency may get part of it and he and his cronies take little slivers of it so they get paid for life. The university gets a part of it, so now you have all the medical schools in the country … dependent on this income stream.”

‘Independent Panels’ Aren’t Independent

At this point, the new drug still has to get regulatory approval, which brings it before a supposedly independent panel of experts. But this panel isn’t made up of independent scientists looking for the truth about whether or not the drug is safe and effective; it’s made up of Fauci’s and Gates’ PIs, who often have drugs of their own in development. Kennedy continues:13

“When this drug goes to FDA to get approved, it goes to a panel. Tony Fauci’s always saying it’s an independent panel who decides, based upon real science, whether or not this drug is worthy of approval. It’s not an independent science. They’re virtually all his PIs or Gates’ PIs.

Those guys go sit on that panel for a year, and they know that they’ve got their own drugs back at Baylor University they’re working on, or Berkeley or Columbia, that they know are going to be in front of that same panel next year. And they’re all scratching each other’s backs. And they approve that drug and then they go off the panel, finish their drug, and then that drug goes in front of a panel that’s similarly constituted and populated.”

These principal scientists act as gatekeepers to the public, spreading the official narrative under the guise of independent science, often pushing questionable COVID-19 policies. “These PIs control the journals, they control the public debate, they’re on TV all over the world, and these are the people that form the narrative, that protect the orthodoxy,” Kennedy says.14

“If you look at Tony Fauci as the pope, the PIs are the cardinals, the bishops and the archbishops. And they’re the ones that protect the orthodoxy, that make sure that the heretics burn, that doctors who disagree are … delicensed, that they get discredited, that they get gaslighted and vilified and marginalized. They’re the army that controls the narrative.”15

Waking up to Fauci’s façade is necessary to understand the orchestrated planned use of pandemics to clamp down totalitarian control. You can find even more details about the coalition of sinister forces — intelligence agencies, pharmaceutical companies, social media titans, medical bureaucracies, mainstream media, and the military — that are intent on obliterating constitutional rights globally in “The Real Anthony Fauci.”

Kennedy’s book has been a best seller for two months now and if you haven’t already picked up a copy I would encourage you to do so now.

Entertaining Content

Dore not only does interview with important guests like the one above, but he also is a comedian. It can be very depressing when we keep sharing all the devastation that has resulted from COVID. Dore’s mission is to take the news and share the obvious in an entreating way as can be evidenced below how he interprets CNN giving the CEO of Pfizer the CEO of the year award.

Sources and References



How Medical Implants Have Progressed Over Time

Spine technology is among the most advanced for medical implants. The past decade has seen a rapid progression of new technologies in the field, with medical devices for treating back pain also improving significantly. Advances in spine surgery can be attributed to one major factor: integrating new technologies. Let’s look at how the spine sector has evolved over the years.

First Implanted Spine Device: 1930s

The augmentation of the spinal cord with surgical implants to produce sensory or motor potentials was reported as early as World War I. Despite this early work, technical innovation in the field did not occur until the 1970s. This change of pace is due to the slow development of surgical techniques and implant materials. It was still primarily considered necessary to surgically address spinal stenosis during that time.

Spinal Surgery Advances in 21st Century

In the first decade of the 21st century, spinal surgery has witnessed a rapid progression due to many factors. For one thing, it is now possible to perform procedures with minimally invasive techniques such as percutaneous endoscopic decompression (PED). This means that surgical intervention can now be performed via less risky, faster methods.

  1. The advent of technology has significantly changed the landscape of spine surgery: The evolution of technology has also been instrumental in this development. Advancements in implant materials and manufacturing mean that high-quality parts can now be sourced more easily. This makes spine surgeries faster and safer while still delivering consistent results.
  2. One of the most significant medical device innovations in recent years has been the addition of artificial disc replacement systems to surgical procedures. In countries like India, artificial discs have been implanted in more than half a million patients since 2005.
  3. The advent of these systems has changed the way spine surgeries are performed. For one thing, they provide a viable option for patients who previously would have been considered not suitable for surgery. Artificial discs can also be used to treat more than one issue at a time, significantly reducing the number of spinal surgeries needed to achieve successful treatment outcomes.
  4. In addition, advancements in neurostimulation devices have made it possible to obtain better results with less invasive surgery than ever before. This is particularly true in treating chronic back pain, where minimally invasive approaches can help achieve satisfactory outcomes even in cases of severe nerve damage.
  5. Significant advancements have been made in spinal surgery technology in the past few decades. This means that patients can now recover from their problems faster and with fewer complications than ever before. At the same time, with the development of surgical devices like artificial discs, there has been a steady rise in the number of minimally invasive procedures for treating spinal disorders across the world.
  6. Spinal surgery is one area where medical device innovation has played an essential role over recent years: Patients now have more options for treating spine conditions.  Every reliable medical device manufacturer constantly introduces innovative products that make surgery faster and easier. The range of options available has improved considerably, with better patient outcomes achieved in the process.
  7. Neurostimulation and artificial disc replacement technologies have helped improve the quality of life for many: With better technology, patients can now achieve treatment outcomes faster than ever before. This means that they can be more prepared for the likelihood of surgery being required in the first place, which is beneficial in itself.

With medical devices such as artificial discs and neurostimulation helping improve spine surgery and spinal procedures, there has been a steady rise in the number of people using these products across the globe.

Types of medical implants for spine

The backbone of modern medical implants for the spine is a system known as the interbody fusion device market. In recent years, this equipment has gone from strength to strength, thanks in no small part to the introduction of new implant materials that help to make surgery safer and faster. This trend is expected to continue.

Several treatment options are available for spinal implants. Patients may choose to have implants placed in the back or abdomen or have metal devices implanted in either location. Different materials can be used for spinal implants.

For those who have problems with the spine, it can now be possible to treat their issue in a way that addresses the problem itself and minimizes the possibility of future problems. Every reliable medical spine implants manufacturer is currently offering implants for back pain to ensure that people who need them receive high-quality products. This is particularly important when it comes to addressing chronic back pain issues. In addition, these manufacturers have also been able to make their products more durable and thus less likely to fail or fracture over time.

Artificial Disc Replacement Technology – Benefits and Risks

There have been several developments in artificial discs to treat spinal disorders in recent years. Advantages for the user include fewer complications, faster recovery, and improved functional capacity. On the other hand, there are some disadvantages to consider as well:

  • The use of artificial discs means that patients can make quicker progress than surgery alone. At best, they will be able to resume most of their activities almost immediately after surgery has been performed. However, this is dependent on the individual user and their spinal condition.
  • The use of artificial discs means that surgery can be performed more frequently than would have been the case with conventional surgical techniques. This can help reduce the overall cost of treatment, although it can also increase the risk of complications.
  • The use of artificial discs means that patients may need a second operation for implantation later. This can be particularly problematic in cases where there has been a loss of function as a result of surgery or where there has been a partial loss of function due to nerve damage as a result of surgery or injury.

Conclusion

In recent years, the medical device industry has seen a steady rise in the number of devices being used for spinal surgery. This has been driven by the introduction of new-generation implant materials, which have helped to improve patient outcomes and make spinal surgery safer overall. Stay informed about implants and surgical devices for back pain with our articles.




Emerging Peptide Areas and Technologies

Peptides naturally occur in huge quantities, and some of these peptides are great therapeutic beginning points. Because it contains a wide variety of bacteria that might lead to the discovery of novel peptides from protein segments, degradation byproducts, or signaling molecules, the gut microbiome has drawn considerable attention in metabolic research. For this reason, we are certain that further microbiome research will greatly enhance future applications of peptide therapies in metabolic illness treatment.

However, scientists must go beyond typical peptide methods for new peptide medication development. Multifunctional peptides, such as those with dual or triple agonism, are one of the field’s burgeoning new technologies. Based on genetics data, this strategy makes reasonable. As a result, it’s clear that animals with just one deleted gene have no discernible phenotype. Even though the GPCR sector has seen a lot of industrial effort and various specific agonists and antagonists have been identified in clinical research, only a small number of ligands have led to authorized medications. These findings relate to biological system redundancy and support the use of multitarget therapy development strategies. Another benefit of using a polypharmacology strategy is the ability to treat distinct patient groups in a more tailored and personalized manner.

Antimicrobial peptide therapeutic candidates with other biological properties, such as immune activation and wound healing, are now being developed as multifunctional peptides. Similarly, the GLP-1 agonist area, which is a well-established pharmacological class with a number of medicines, is seeing an increase in the use of multifunctional peptides, which are proving to be a commercial success. The emergence of GLP-1 dual and even triple agonists for a more diverse and individualized treatment of T2DM and/or obesity is obvious when looking across clinical and preclinical pipelines. The emphasis on increased patient convenience and compliance, in addition to versatile peptides, shows that clinical research is also pursuing options for less frequent dosing or even oral delivery of GLP-based medications.

Because medication candidates have a greater chance of success when targeting two different receptors at the same time, creating multifunctional peptides might be more difficult. The translation of in vitro effects to in vivo effects is complicated by the possibility of skewed signaling caused by new ligands that target two or more receptors. It’s also possible that translating findings from animal models to human scenarios entails a higher risk for multifunctional peptides than single receptor peptides due to the increased uncertainty caused by several target options. Bispecific antibodies for cancer therapy face comparable hurdles in the antibody sector. There are many reasons why multifunctional peptides are more likely to emerge from existing paradigms, such as GLP-1 research. These are more likely than wholly new peptide combinations.

Only a few oral peptide medications are available; the majority are injectables. Orally bioavailable peptides, on the other hand, are projected to witness growth in the market since they are more convenient for patients. Degradation of molecules in both the gastrointestinal tract and while traversing the intestinal mucosa through active transport or passive diffusion are issues associated with oral peptide production. The use of chemical strategies in the development of peptides for oral administration includes the stabilizing of secondary structures such as stapled peptides, building hydrophobic faces, cyclization, N-methylation, and the establishment of intramolecular hydrogen bonds, which have been previously mentioned as chemical strategies. Peptide medication research is being carried out by several biotechnology firms. You can purchase peptides online if you have a license and if you intend on using them for research purposes only.




Astronomers Uncover Largest Group of Rogue Planets Yet

By ESO | ScienceDaily 

Rogue planets are elusive cosmic objects that have masses comparable to those of the planets in our Solar System but do not orbit a star, instead of roaming freely on their own. Not many were known until now, but a team of astronomers, using data from several European Southern Observatory (ESO) telescopes and other facilities, have just discovered at least 70 new rogue planets in our galaxy. This is the largest group of rogue planets ever discovered, an important step towards understanding the origins and features of these mysterious galactic nomads.

“We did not know how many to expect and are excited to have found so many,” says Núria Miret-Roig, an astronomer at the Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Bordeaux, France and the University of Vienna, Austria, and the first author of the new study published today in Nature Astronomy.

Rogue planets, lurking far away from any star illuminating them, would normally be impossible to imagine. However, Miret-Roig and her team took advantage of the fact that, in the few million years after their formation, these planets are still hot enough to glow, making them directly detectable by sensitive cameras on large telescopes. They found at least 70 new rogue planets with masses comparable to Jupiter’s in a star-forming region close to our Sun, in the Upper Scorpius and Ophiuchus constellations [1].

To spot so many rogue planets, the team used data spanning about 20 years from a number of telescopes on the ground and in space. “We measured the tiny motions, the colors, and luminosities of tens of millions of sources in a large area of the sky,” explains Miret-Roig. “These measurements allowed us to securely identify the faintest objects in this region, the rogue planets.”

The team used observations from ESO’s Very Large Telescope (VLT), the Visible and Infrared Survey Telescope for Astronomy (VISTA), the VLT Survey Telescope (VST), and the MPG/ESO 2.2-meter telescope located in Chile, along with other facilities. “The vast majority of our data come from ESO observatories, which were absolutely critical for this study. Their wide field of view and unique sensitivity were keys to our success,” explains Hervé Bouy, an astronomer at the Laboratoire d’Astrophysique de Bordeaux, France, and project leader of the new research. “We used tens of thousands of wide-field images from ESO facilities, corresponding to hundreds of hours of observations, and literally tens of terabytes of data.”

The team also used data from the European Space Agency’s Gaia satellite, marking a huge success for the collaboration of ground- and space-based telescopes in the exploration and understanding of our Universe.

The study suggests there could be many more of these elusive, starless planets that we have yet to discover. “There could be several billions of these free-floating giant planets roaming freely in the Milky Way without a host star,” Bouy explains.

By studying the newly found rogue planets, astronomers may find clues to how these mysterious objects form. Some scientists believe rogue planets can form from the collapse of a gas cloud that is too small to lead to the formation of a star, or that they could have been kicked out from their parent system. But which mechanism is more likely remains unknown.

Further advances in technology will be key to unlocking the mystery of these nomadic planets. The team hopes to continue to study them in greater detail with ESO’s forthcoming Extremely Large Telescope (ELT), currently under construction in the Chilean Atacama Desert and due to start observations later this decade. “These objects are extremely faint and little can be done to study them with current facilities,” says Bouy. “The ELT will be absolutely crucial to gathering more information about most of the rogue planets we have found.”

Note

[1] The exact number of rogue planets found by the team is hard to pin down because the observations don’t allow the researchers to measure the masses of the probed objects. Objects with masses higher than about 13 times the mass of Jupiter are most likely not planets, so they cannot be included in the count. However, since the team didn’t have values for the mass, they had to rely on studying the planets’ brightness to provide an upper limit to the number of rogue planets observed. The brightness is, in turn, related to the age of the planets themselves, as the older the planet, the longer it has been cooling down and reducing in brightness. If the studied region is old, then the brightest objects in the sample are likely above 13 Jupiter masses, and below if the region is on the younger side. Given the uncertainty in the age of the study region, this method gives a rogue planet count of between 70 and 170.


Story Source:

Materials provided by ESO. Note: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Núria Miret-Roig, Hervé Bouy, Sean N. Raymond, Motohide Tamura, Emmanuel Bertin, David Barrado, Javier Olivares, Phillip A. B. Galli, Jean-Charles Cuillandre, Luis Manuel Sarro, Angel Berihuete, Nuria Huélamo. A rich population of free-floating planets in the Upper Scorpius young stellar association. Nature Astronomy, 2021; DOI: 10.1038/s41550-021-01513-x