Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to numerous infections that affect the heart. The conditions might affect the functionality of the blood vessels in the heart, heartbeats, or how blood is pumped. They are multiple predisposing factors that lead to the innumerable number of conditions which include:
Most patients who have narrowed heart blood vessels have a history of smoking—the components from various cigarettes cause plaque formation in various blood vessels. Also, the compounds from the smoke cause your blood to thicken and clot in the blood vessels.
People with type 2 diabetes have a high risk of CVD. People with this type of condition have high cholesterol levels, which tend to clog various arteries and veins in the heart. Their insulin resistance causes obesity, which is a very high-risk factor for CVD.
An unhealthy lifestyle mainly entails a lack of indulging in physical activities and eating foods with high levels of fat. The accumulation of fats in the body leads to the collection of cholesterol in the blood vessels. The cholesterol prevents regular pumping of blood, thus causing various heart diseases.
People with depression are at high risk of heart diseases. The condition leads to numerous changes in your body, and in most instances, it raises your blood pressure. High levels of blood pressure can damage the structure of veins and arteries in the heart. Also, depression leads to a change in lifestyle, and you might end up drinking alcohol, smoking, or reduced levels of activities. All these are predisposing factors to heart disease.
Older adults have a high risk of numerous heart diseases. As you age, the various blood vessels tend to narrow, and the heart muscles weaken. If your lifestyle was questionable, it means in old age you are likely to develop heart disease.
Symptoms that indicate you have CVD
- Chronic chest pains
It is the first significant indication that you have an underlying heart problem. If you have a blocked blood vessel or damaged blood vessels, you may feel severe pain, pressure, or tightness in the chest. If the pain is so severe preventing you from daily activities, you need to instantly consult a physician.
Dizziness occurs due to different reasons. In some people, it may occur due to hunger or problem in the brain. However, dizziness that occurs due to heart disease is often accompanied by shortness of breath and pain in the chest.
Loud snoring accompanied by gasping and choking is often an indication of heart disease. If you note you are having difficulty sleeping at night due to your inability to breathe correctly, you should immediately consult your physician.
- Persistent cough
Cough is an indication of either a respiratory disease or cardiovascular disease. A cough associated with heart disease is often persistent and produces mucus that is pink or white. It occurs due to a defect in the heart, and blood tends to leak in the lungs.
- Swollen lower limb
If the heart is unable to pump blood adequately, it can lead to fluid accumulation in the lower limb. The veins and arteries in the lower leg become bloated due to the retention of blood. Also, heart failure can lead to impairment in the kidneys. The impaired kidneys are unable to excrete ions from the body leading to bloating in various parts.
- Irregular heartbeat
It is usual for your heartbeat to increase due to tension or after strenuous activities. However, if you note that your heart has an irregular heartbeat while resting, you need to consult a physician.
Primary treatments for heart diseases
It is the most modern and effective method of treating CVD. Regenerative medicine is a unique treatment that uses tissue engineering and the replacement of stem cells to restore the heart's normal functioning. The treatment regime aims at replacing damaged heart tissues and to enable them to regenerate.
The basic principle of this treatment revolves around the use of stem cells, which are raw materials from the body system where all cells and tissues originate. The stem cells progressively differentiate and adapt to specific functions.
Researches in the regenerative medicine derive stem cells from the body and grow them in a laboratory. The cells are manipulated to adapt to specific cells, such as the blood cells or heart cells. The cells are then implanted into the particular patient. For instance, if you have heart disease, you are embedded with heart cells.
The implanted cells then help in repairing the damaged cells and returning the organ to its previous function. The method is effective since organs such as the heart are rarely transplanted.
One specialist who is acknowledged to conduct professional regenerative medicine for CVD is Ajan Reginald. The medical specialist is the chief executive and co-founder of Celixir, which is a cellular medicine company. The company is famous for discovering and innovating Tendoncel and Heartcel medicines.
Your doctor can advise you to change unhealthy lifestyle behavior such as smoking, taking alcohol, or eating unhealthy foods. A healthy lifestyle will minimize your chances of getting CVD or reduce the rate of the condition deteriorating.
Your doctor can prescribe to you various medications to treat CVD. The medicine will differ depending on the nature and type of condition.
Surgery aims at reconstructing various blood vessels to enable the normal functioning of the veins and arteries. Your doctor will examine the extent of damage to determine the type of surgery to be done.
CVD is a fatal condition that is responsible for the death of millions of people worldwide. There are numerous predisposing factors to the disease that you should look out for.
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