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The Curious Case of Time Travel, Parallel Universes, and Alternate Dimensions

By Matija Klaric | Curiosmos

Why is time travel so complicated, and is it even possible? Are there other universes in “space” apart from ours, and what exactly is the meaning of alternate dimensions? Here’s what we know so far.

The truth is we are still not entirely sure how our reality functions. Although complicated, physics is doing its best to make things more understandable to the general public, but nonetheless remains complicated for most to understand.

The late Professor Hawking was excellent in explaining complicated scientific subjects to the general public, and many of his books have brought science in an understandable way to the masses.

In this article, we will discuss, among other things, the subject concerning parallel universes and dimensions beyond the three that are familiar to us, in a perhaps equally understandable way.

How did we come up with the idea of higher dimensions?

In modern physics, there is a great deal of trouble with unifying the theory of general relativity and the theory of quantum mechanics.

General relativity explains how the force of gravity, large-scale stars, and galaxies behave, while quantum mechanics describes how small atoms, subatomic particles, and three fundamental forces interact.

However, it’s hard to bring these theories together because each seems to have very different rules that govern the level they observe.

Einstein made one of the primary efforts to solve this dilemma in the 1940s by postulating String theory, which claims everything is made up of 1-dimensional strings in a universe with extra dimensions.

This was the first step in better understanding why large-scale objects and gravity behave differently than small particles.

In the meantime, scientists developed string theory into superstring theory, out of which arose the M-theory.

These theories have in common that they propose a reality based on 10 or 11 dimensions. Well-known physicist Michio Kaku believes this to be precisely the kind of reality we live in.

What’s hidden in these higher dimensions?

In the early 20th century, scientists formulated the theory of dark matter because galaxies’ motions didn’t match the calculations based on known gravitational theories.

According to previous calculations, some galaxies would have floated apart, or they couldn’t form in the first place. They seem to be tied together by some unseen matter, which makes up 85% of our universe. Some theories suggest this invisible matter exists in the extra dimensions.

Are there parallel universes?

According to the theory of the multiverse, each time we make a personal decision, a parallel universe is created where this decision plays out. In another parallel universe, we might have made a different decision with different consequences.

This also seems to be the case with quantum particles making arbitrary decisions under scientific observation. Not only is it possible that there’s another almost identical universe to ours where the particle acted differently than here, but it’s also possible such parallel universes are interacting with our own.

Where are these extra dimensions and parallel universes?

Trying to understand the interactions of a 4-dimensional hypercube will be a difficult task for a layman. It might be easier to explain the 11 dimensions in the following way; As human beings, we are trapped in 3 spatial dimensions plus the fourth “time “dimension. What we call “time “is a “line “in the 4th dimension. We are moving from dot to dot on this line in a single forward direction, from one moment to the next.

We can move through 3-D spaces more or less as we wish, but we can’t do so through the 4th dimension. If we could hypothetically be in the fifth dimension, then time (“line “) and all its moments (“dots “) would become as freely movable space to us – we could go forward into the future and backward in the past as we wish.

In the 5th dimension, we might see our entire life’s timeline from birth to passing away, all at once in front of us, just as if it were a spatial object.

If we hypothetically looked at things from the 6th dimension, we would see all different possible timelines of events in our universe as a single space across which we could travel.

In the seventh dimension, we could go to a universe with a different set of physical laws, in the 8th travel between all such possible universes, in the 9th navigate between all possible timelines in all possible universes.

Finally, in the 10th, all possibilities would exist, even things seemingly impossible in our universes.

So the question is, will we ever be able to travel to these extra dimensions?

One of the most exciting things in the universe is our brain.

It’s a tool that helps us keep track of past events to calculate future happenings and support our logical decision making in the present.

Through our imagination, our brain tries to visualize possible timelines in case we make different decisions.

We may even imagine a universe with different physical constants. In a way, our brain helps us imagine higher dimensions.

Perhaps, developing technology will make navigating through parallel universes a bit easier?

According to John D. Barrow’s revised Kardashev scale measuring, the developmental phases of civilizations are as follows: type 1 – capable of building structures, harnessing the energy of its planet; types 2 and 3: manipulating genes and molecules, uses the energy of stars and galaxies; type 4, 5 and 6: manipulating atoms, quarks, creating complex artificial life and harnessing the energy of the entire universe; and finally type Omega: capable of manipulating the multiversespace and time.

Is there any civilization in our universe that managed to become type Omega?

The strange thing is that over 40 billion planets in our galaxy alone could support life, as per astrophysicists. For the last 50 years, we have made serious efforts to try and pick up any radio or communication signal from an advanced civilization but to no avail.

So far, there seems to be no trace of any highly technological species whatsoever. As scientist Enrico Fermi famously asked, “Where is everybody? “

Ancient civilizations often told stories about immortal intelligent deities such as gods and angels who seem to be outside the dimension of time, traveling through space instantaneously and assuming shapes according to their wish.

They are even said to have created humans. Could this be a written record of type Omega civilization that mastered the multiverse and creation of complex artificial life?

We may never know.




22 Scientists Publish Paper Claiming The PCR Test Is “Useless” For Detecting COVID-19 Cases

By | Collective Evolution

In Brief

  • The Facts:22 researchers have put out a paper explaining why, according to them, it’s quite clear that the PCR test is not effective in identifying COVID-19 cases. As a result, we may be seeing a significant amount of false positives.
  • Reflect On:Why are we being discouraged to ask certain questions and share certain information that calls into question the official mainstream narrative about this pandemic?

What Happened: recent publication titled “Detection of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) by real-time RT-PCR” recently published in the Journal Eurosurveillance has come under fire by 22 scientists/independent researchers. The publication claims that the RT-qPCR tests used for detecting COVID-19 is quite robust and a useful tool, but the independent publication presents a number of scientific and methodological “blemishes” that has them confident “that the editorial board of Eurosurveillance has no other choice but to retract the publication.”

According to the researchers,

In light of our re-examination of the test protocol to identify SARS-CoV-2 described in the Corman-Drosten paper, we have identified concerning errors and inherent fallacies that render the SARS-CoV-2 PCR test useless.

They conclude by stating,

The decision as to which test protocols are published and made widely available lies squarely in the hands of Eurosurveillance. A decision to recognize the errors that appear in the Corman-Drosten paper has the benefit to greatly minimize human cost and suffering going forward.

They are not specific when they refer to “human cost and suffering, but I believe they are referring to the implications of lockdown measures as a result of COVID cases. 50,000 doctors and scientists have signed a declaration strongly opposing lockdown measures for a number of reasons, more than 100 million people will be pushed to starvation as a result of global lockdowns, and lockdowns in the UK, for example, may have already killed more seniors than COVID itself.

Is it not in the best interest of Eurosurveillance to retract this paper? Our conclusion is clear. In the face of all the tremendous PCR-protocol design flaws and errors described here, we concluded: There is not much of a choice left in the framework of scientific integrity and responsibility.

You can read the entire paper and the evidence behind their reasoning, here. The site where the paper is found was put up by Prof. Dr. Ulrike Kämmerer, a specialist in Virology / Immunology / Human Biology / Cell Biology, University Hospital Würzburg, Germany, Dr. Pieter Borger (MSc, Ph.D.), Molecular Genetics, W+W Research Associate, Lörrach, Germany and Rajesh Kumar Malhotra (Artist Alias: Bobby Rajesh Malhotra), Former 3D Artist / Scientific Visualizations at CeMM – Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (2019-2020), University for Applied Arts – Department for Digital Arts Vienna, Austria.

To view the credentials and affiliations of the other 19 authors, you can refer to the bottom of the paper.

Other Doubts That’ve Been Expressed About PCR Testing

The Deputy Medical Officer of Ontario, Canada, Dr. Barbara Yaffe recently stated that COVID-19 testing may yield at least 50 percent false positives. This means that people who test positive for COVID may not actually have it.

In July, professor Carl Heneghan, director for the center of evidence-based medicine at Oxford University and outspoken critic of the current UK response to the pandemic, wrote a piece titled “How many Covid diagnoses are false positives?” He has argued that the proportion of positive tests that are false in the UK could also be as high as 50%.

Former scientific advisor at Pfizer, Dr. Mike Yeadon, also one of the authors of the paper discussed at the beginning of this article,  argued that the proportion of positive tests that are false may actually be as high as 90%.

As far back as 2007, Gina Kolata published an article in the New York times about how declaring virus pandemics based on PCR tests can end in a disaster. The article was titled Faith in Quick Test Leads to Epidemic That Wasn’t.

The Bulgarian Pathology Association claims that PCR tests are “scientific meaningless” to detect COVID-19. They cite an article published in “Off Guardian” that goes into more detail and explanation as to why.

The idea that many COVID-19 cases around the world could be false positives is quite a common theme. British Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab stated that,

The false-positive rate is very high, so only seven percent of tests will be successful in identifying those that actually have the virus.

Is Raab implying a 93 percent false-positive rate?

A Portuguese court recently determined that the PCR tests used to detect COVID-19 are not able to prove an infection beyond a reasonable doubt. You can read more about that story here.

A number of everyday citizens have also come forward expressing their doubts, including some high-profile people like Elon Musk for example. He recently revealed he had four tests completed in one day. Using the same test and the same nurse, he received two positive results and two negative results, causing him to state his belief that “something bogus” is going on here. He then asked his Twitter following

“In your opinion, at what Ct number for the cov2 N1 gene should a PCR test probably be regarded as positive? If I’m asking the wrong question, what is a better question?”

In the Portuguese appeal hearing, Jaafar et al. (2020) was cited, stating that “if someone is testing by PCR as positive when a threshold of 35 cycles or higher is used (as is the rule in most laboratories in Europe and the US), the probability that said person is infected is  <3%, and the probability that said the result is a false positive is 97%.”  The court further noted that the cycle threshold used for the PCR tests currently being made in Portugal is unknown.

I just wanted to provide a brief background as to why there is so much controversy out there regarding COVID-19 testing and false positives.

On the other side of the coin,

According to Dr. Matthew Oughton, an infectious diseases specialist at the McGill University Health Centre and the Jewish General Hospital in Montreal:

”The rate of false positives with this particular test is quite low. In other words, if the test comes back saying positive, then believe it, it’s a real positive.”

According to Dr. Robert H. Shmerling, Senior Faculty Editor at Harvard Health Publishing.

False negatives – that is, a test that says you don’t have the virus when you actually do have the virus – may occur. The reported rate of false negatives is as low as 2% and as high as 37%. The false-positive rate – that is, how often the test says you have the virus when you actually do not – should be close to zero. Most false-positive results are thought to be due to lab contamination or other problems with how the lab has performed the test, not limitations of the test itself

All of this being said, there is also a scientific consensus that infection cases are much higher and comparable to other respiratory viruses for example that already infect hundreds of millions a year, and that the survival rate for people under 70 is 99.95 percent. But there is a lot of controversy surrounding this as well.

The Takeaway

It’s easy to see why so many people are confused and polarized when it comes to this topic. So many doctors, scientists, researchers, and even politicians are providing evidence and claiming that these tests are going to have a very high false-positive rate. Others, who are just as “renowned” with similar credentials are claiming that these tests are extremely accurate.

There are so many odd ‘things’ happening with this pandemic in terms of information that completely contradicts other information, not only with regards to the testing to detect the virus but with regards to the severity of the virus as well. Never before have we seen people so polarized in their views, and this in itself is creating a big problem because it creates tension between us.

At the end of the day, we need to try and understand someone who does not share the same perspective as we do, and they should do the same without getting worked up. Our state of being when communicating is of utmost importance.

With so much confusion and lack of appropriate data to justify a lockdown, and with tens and thousands of doctors and scientists explaining how detrimental these measures are, I believe governments and health organizations should simply be presenting data and making recommendations based on science. Those who want to stay inside, wear masks, and shut down their businesses, for example, should have the option of doing that, and those that don’t should have the option of doing that as well. Respiratory viruses kill tens of millions and infect hundreds of millions every single year, it’s not out of the box to treat this virus as we do all others, but that’s just my opinion, what’s yours?

Never before have so many people opposed and not trusted their government, yet we give these entities the power to make decisions and enforce them. Is this right? Especially when such a large majority, or minority, do not agree? Do governments actually execute the will of the people? Why do we continue to allow them to make such big decisions for us? Should it not be put to a vote? Should governments have the authority to shut things down whenever they please? Are they really executing the will of the people? Why do we simply rely on entities that may not have the best interests of humanity at heart?

The trouble we seem to be having is determining how to communicate about COVID, the fears we have around it, and how to come together as a community to ‘draw a line’ as to when we may be taking things too far.




Chemical Memory in Plants Affects Chances of Offspring Survival

By Science Daily 

Researchers at the University of Warwick have uncovered the mechanism that allows plants to pass on their ‘memories’ to offspring, which results in growth and developmental defects.

In order to survive and thrive, plants have the unique capability to sense and remember changes in their environment. This is linked to the chemical modification of DNA and histone proteins, which alters the way in which DNA is packaged within the cell’s nucleus and genes are expressed — a process known as epigenetic regulation.

Usually, this epigenetic information is reset during sexual reproduction to erase any inappropriate ‘memories’ from being passed on to ensure the offspring grows normally. In the paper, ‘A new role for histone demethylases in the maintenance of plant genome integrity’ published in the journal elife, it was found that some plants were unable to forget this information and passed it on to their offspring, thereby affecting their chances of survival.

The researchers identified two proteins in Thale Cress (Arabidopsis), previously known only to control the initiation and timing of flowering, that are also responsible for controlling ‘plant memory’ through the chemical modification (demethylation) of histone proteins.

They showed that plants unable to reset these chemical marks during sexual reproduction, passed on this ‘memory’ to subsequent generations, resulting in defects in growth and development.

Some of these defects were linked to the activation of selfish DNA elements, also known as ‘jumping genes’ or transposons, thus indicating that the erasure of such ‘memory’ is also critical for maintaining the integrity of plant genomes by silencing transposons.

Prof. Jose Gutierrez-Marcos, a senior author on the paper from the School of Life Sciences at the University of Warwick commented:

“Our study into the proteins that regulate plant memory has shown how important it is for chemical marks to be reset during sexual reproduction in order to avoid offspring inheriting inappropriate ‘memories’ that lead to growth and developmental defects associated with genome instability.

“The next step is to work out how to manipulate such ‘memories’ for plant breeding purposes, so that subsequent generations show greater adaptability to allow them to thrive in a changing environment.”


Story Source:

Materials provided by University of WarwickNote: Content may be edited for style and length.


Journal Reference:

  1. Javier Antunez-Sanchez, Matthew Naish, Juan Sebastian Ramirez-Prado, Sho Ohno, Ying Huang, Alexander Dawson, Korawit Opassathian, Deborah Manza-Mianza, Federico Ariel, Cecile Raynaud, Anjar Wibowo, Josquin Daron, Minako Ueda, David Latrasse, R Keith Slotkin, Detlef Weigel, Moussa Benhamed, Jose Gutierrez-Marcos. A new role for histone demethylases in the maintenance of plant genome integrityeLife, 2020; 9 DOI: 10.7554/eLife.58533



New Hubble Data Explains Missing Dark Matter

Hubble Space Telescope photo illustration (stock image; elements furnished by NASA).
Credit: © Vadimsadovski / stock.adobe.com 

Source: Science Daily

The missing dark matter in certain galaxies can be explained by the effects of tidal disruption: the gravity forces of a neighboring massive galaxy, literally tearing the smaller galaxy apart.

In 2018 an international team of researchers using the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and several other observatories uncovered, for the first time, a galaxy in our cosmic neighborhood that is missing most of its dark matter. This discovery of the galaxy NGC 1052-DF2 was a surprise to astronomers, as it was understood that dark matter is a key constituent in current models of galaxy formation and evolution. In fact, without the presence of dark matter, the primordial gas would lack enough gravitational pull to start collapsing and forming new galaxies. A year later, another galaxy that misses dark matter was discovered, NGC 1052-DF4, which further triggered intense debates among astronomers about the nature of these objects.

Now, new Hubble data have been used to explain the reason behind the missing dark matter in NGC 1052-DF4, which resides 45 million light-years away. Mireia Montes of the University of New South Wales in Australia led an international team of astronomers to study the galaxy using deep optical imaging. They discovered that the missing dark matter can be explained by the effects of tidal disruption. The gravity forces of the neighboring massive galaxy NGC 1035 are tearing NGC 1052-DF4 apart. During this process, the dark matter is removed, while the stars feel the effects of the interaction with another galaxy at a later stage.

Until now, the removal of dark matter in this way has remained hidden from astronomers as it can only be observed using extremely deep images that can reveal extremely faint features. “We used Hubble in two ways to discover that NGC 1052-DF4 is experiencing an interaction,” explained Montes. “This includes studying the galaxy’s light and the galaxy’s distribution of globular clusters.”

Thanks to Hubble’s high resolution, the astronomers could identify the galaxy’s globular cluster population. The 10.4-meter Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) telescope and the IAC80 telescope in the Canary Islands of Spain were also used to complement Hubble’s observations by further studying the data.

“It is not enough just to spend a lot of time observing the object, but a careful treatment of the data is vital,” explained team member Raúl Infante-Sainz of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in Spain. “It was therefore important that we use not just one telescope/instrument, but several (both ground- and space-based) to conduct this research. With the high resolution of Hubble, we can identify the globular clusters, and then with GTC photometry we obtain the physical properties.”

Globular clusters are thought to form in the episodes of intense star formation that shaped galaxies. Their compact sizes and luminosity make them easily observable, and they are therefore good tracers of the properties of their host galaxy. In this way, by studying and characterizing the spatial distribution of the clusters in NGC 1052-DF4, astronomers can develop insight into the present state of the galaxy itself. The alignment of these clusters suggests they are being “stripped” from their host galaxy, and this supports the conclusion that tidal disruption is occurring.

By studying the galaxy’s light, the astronomers also found evidence of tidal tails, which are formed of the material moving away from NGC 1052-DF4. This further supports the conclusion that this is a disruption event. The additional analysis concluded that the central parts of the galaxy remain untouched and only about 7% of the stellar mass of the galaxy is hosted in these tidal tails. This means that dark matter, which is less concentrated than stars, was previously and preferentially stripped from the galaxy, and now the outer stellar component is starting to be stripped as well.

“This result is a good indicator that, while the dark matter of the galaxy was evaporated from the system, the stars are only now starting to suffer the disruption mechanism,” explained team member Ignacio Trujillo of the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias in Spain. “In time, NGC 1052-DF4 will be cannibalized by the large system around NGC 1035, with at least some of their stars floating free in deep space.”

The discovery of evidence to support the mechanism of tidal disruption as the explanation for the galaxy’s missing dark matter has not only solved an astronomical conundrum but has also brought a sigh of relief to astronomers. Without it, scientists would be faced with having to revise our understanding of the laws of gravity.

“This discovery reconciles existing knowledge of how galaxies form and evolve with the most favorable cosmological model,” added Montes.


Story Source:

Materials provided by NASA/Goddard Space Flight CenterNote: Content may be edited for style and length.





Amateur Astronomer Alberto Caballero Finds Possible Source of Wow! Signal

The Wow! signal represented as “6EQUJ5”. Credit: Big Ear Radio Observatory and North American AstroPhysical Observatory (NAAPO)

By Bob Yirka | Phys.org

Amateur astronomer and YouTuber Alberto Caballero, one of the founders of The Exoplanets Channel, has found a small amount of evidence for a source of the notorious Wow! signal. In his paper uploaded to the arXiv preprint server, Caballero describes searching the Gaia database for possible sun-like stars that might host an exoplanet capable of supporting intelligent life.

Back in 1977, astronomers working with the Big Ear Radio Telescope—at the time, situated in Delaware, Ohio—recorded a unique signal from somewhere in space. It was so strong and unusual that one of the workers on the team, Jerry Ehman, famously scrawled the word Wow! on the printout. Despite years of work and many man-hours, no one has ever been able to trace the source of the signal or explain the strong, unique signal, which lasted for all of 72 seconds. Since that time, many people have suggested the only explanation for such a strong and unique signal is extraterrestrial .

In this new effort, Caballero reasoned that if the source was some other , it would likely be living on an exoplanet—and if that were the case, it would stand to reason that such a life form might be living on a planet similar to Earth—one circling its own sun-like star. Pursuing this logic, Caballero began searching the publicly available Gaia database for just such a star. The Gaia database has been assembled by a team working at the Gaia observatory run by the European Space Agency. Launched back in 2013, the project has worked steadily on assembling the best map of the night sky ever created. To date, the team has mapped approximately 1.3 billion .

In studying his , Caballero found what appears to fit the bill—a star (2MASS 19281982-2640123) that is very nearly a mirror image of the sun—and is located in the part of the sky where the Wow! signal originated. He notes that there are other possible candidates in the area but suggests his candidate might provide the best launching point for a new research effort by astronomers who have the tools to look for exoplanets.




Cellular Aging Process REVERSED for 1st Time in History

Human chromosome with shining telomeres,

Source: RT.com

Researchers in Israel claim to have partially reversed cellular aging using a somewhat controversial treatment. While only a small study, it improves our understanding of the aging process in humans.

The shortening of telomeres, the caps at the end of each of our chromosomes, is one of the main underlying mechanisms behind aging. Cell division whittles down these telomeres each time it occurs, leaving each new chromosome slightly shorter than its predecessor.

This, in turn, increases the risk of mutation down the line, which can often lead to age-related diseases like certain types of cancer.

Scientists in Israel, led by Shair Efrati, a physician from the Faculty of Medicine and Sagol School of Neuroscience at Tel Aviv University, claim they can now partially reverse this process by extending the length of these telomeres using hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT).

They placed 26 volunteers aged 64 and older in a hyperbaric oxygen chamber for five 90-minute sessions every week for three months, taking regular samples throughout the process.

At the end of the study, the researchers were pleasantly surprised to find some of the patients’ telomeres had extended by up to 20 percent.

The aging process isn’t the direct result of shrinking telomeres but keeping the lid on chromosomes means better cellular performance into old age. Staving off telomere shrinkage can be helped by plenty of quality sleep, exercise, and good food but applying hyperbaric oxygen therapy appears to also promote healthier telomeres in the body.

However, the researchers acknowledge that their study was based on small sample size, needs to be replicated, and that the technique has been attempted before without success.

Furthermore, hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) can be a somewhat controversial topic, however, as there have been extraordinary and poorly-evidenced claims that it can treat conditions ranging from aseptic bone necrosis, global brain ischaemia to autism.

Efrati describes the full knowledge and understanding of telomere shortening as “the ‘Holy Grail’ of the biology of aging.”

In order to ‘turn back time’ on the aging process altogether, we would need to recover some of the bits of genetic code lost during cell division. This does happen in certain tissues that line our gut, via an enzyme called telomerase, another avenue of extensive research.

However, reactivation of telomerase is a technique employed by certain cancers to replicate, so scientists must also proceed with caution while exploring that particular avenue.

The aging process extends far beyond shortening telomeres, so humanity is still some way off discovering the fountain of youth, but early indications are that HBOT can improve health in old age.




Scientists: The Human Brain And the Entire Universe Have Odd Similarities

By | TheMindUnleashed.com

An astrophysicist at the University of Bologna and a neurosurgeon at the University of Verona have claimed that the brain resembles the universe. The two Italian researchers came up with the galaxy-brain theory that is out of this world: The structures of the perceptible universe, they say, are astonishingly comparable to the neuronal networks of the human brain.

University of Bologna astrophysicist Franco Vazza and University of Verona neurosurgeon Alberto Feletti document the extraordinary similarities between the cosmic network of galaxies and the complex web of neurons in the human brain. The detailed study was published in the journal Frontiers in Physics showcasing the human brain has roughly 27 orders of magnitude separated in scale, while similarly, the composition of the cosmic web shows comparable levels of complexity and self-organization, according to the researchers.

The brain itself contains an estimated 69 billion neurons, while the visible universe is comprised of at least 100 billion galaxies, strung together like a mesh network. Even more intriguing both galaxies and neurons only account for about 30 percent of the total masses of the universe and brain. Further, both galaxies and neurons arrange themselves like pearls on a long string.

Beginning from the shared features of the two systems, the two researchers examined a simulation of the network of galaxies in comparison to sections of the cerebral cortex and the cerebellum. Their purpose was to inspect how matter variations propagate.

In the case of galaxies, the remaining 70 percent of the mass is dark energy. The equivalent in the human brain, the pair said was water.

“We calculated the spectral density of both systems,” Vazza said in a statement about the experiment. “This is a technique often employed in cosmology for studying the spatial distribution of galaxies. Our analysis showed that the distribution of the fluctuation within the cerebellum neuronal network on a scale from 1 micrometer to 0.1 millimeters follows the same progression of the distribution of matter in the cosmic web,” he added, “but, of course, on a larger scale that goes from 5 million to 500 million light-years.”

The amount of interwoven connections originating from each node also were strangely alike sparking further interest to the researchers.

“Once again, structural parameters have identified unexpected agreement levels,” Feletti said in the statement. “Probably, the connectivity within the two networks evolves following similar physical principles, despite the striking and obvious difference between the physical powers regulating galaxies and neurons.”

The team is anticipating that their preliminary research could lead to new analysis procedures advancing knowledge about both cosmology and neurosurgery. Which would enable scientists to better comprehend how these compositions have developed over time.




Tel Aviv University Study Finds Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatments Reverse Aging Process

By AMERICAN FRIENDS OF TEL AVIV UNIVERSITY | EurekAlert

First clinical trial reverses two biological processes associated with aging in human cells

The researchers found that a unique protocol of treatments with high-pressure oxygen in a pressure chamber can reverse two major processes associated with aging and its illnesses: the shortening of telomeres (protective regions located at both ends of every chromosome) and the accumulation of old and malfunctioning cells in the body. Focusing on immune cells containing DNA obtained from the participants’ blood, the study discovered a lengthening of up to 38% of the telomeres, as well as a decrease of up to 37% in the presence of senescent cells.

The study was led by Professor Shai Efrati of the Sackler School of Medicine and the Sagol School of Neuroscience at TAU and Founder and Director of the Sagol Center of Hyperbaric Medicine at the Shamir Medical Center; and Dr. Amir Hadanny, Chief Medical Research Officer of the Sagol Center for Hyperbaric Medicine and Research at the Shamir Medical Center. The clinical trial was conducted as part of a comprehensive Israeli research program that targets aging as a reversible condition.

The paper was published in Aging on November 18, 2020.

“For many years our team has been engaged in hyperbaric research and therapy – treatments based on protocols of exposure to high-pressure oxygen at various concentrations inside a pressure chamber,” Professor Efrati explains. “Our achievements over the years included the improvement of brain functions damaged by age, stroke or brain injury.

“In the current study we wished to examine the impact of HBOT on healthy and independent aging adults, and to discover whether such treatments can slow down, stop or even reverse the normal aging process at the cellular level.”

The researchers exposed 35 healthy individuals aged 64 or over to a series of 60 hyperbaric sessions over a period of 90 days. Each participant provided blood samples before, during and at the end of the treatments as well as some time after the series of treatments concluded. The researchers then analyzed various immune cells in the blood and compared the results.

The findings indicated that the treatments actually reversed the aging process in two of its major aspects: The telomeres at the ends of the chromosomes grew longer instead of shorter, at a rate of 20%-38% for the different cell types; and the percentage of senescent cells in the overall cell population was reduced significantly – by 11%-37% depending on cell type.

“Today telomere shortening is considered the ‘Holy Grail’ of the biology of aging,” Professor Efrati says. “Researchers around the world are trying to develop pharmacological and environmental interventions that enable telomere elongation. Our HBOT protocol was able to achieve this, proving that the aging process can in fact be reversed at the basic cellular-molecular level.”

[Read more here]

Robert O’Leary, JD BARA, has had an abiding interest in alternative health products & modalities since the early 1970’s & he has seen how they have made people go from lacking health to vibrant health. He became an attorney, singer-songwriter, martial artist & father along the way and brings that experience to his practice as a BioAcoustic Soundhealth Practitioner, under the tutelage of the award-winning founder of BioAcoustic Biology, Sharry Edwards, whose Institute of BioAcoustic Biology has now been serving clients for 30 years with a non-invasive & safe integrative modality that supports the body’s ability to self-heal using the power of the human voice. Robert brings this modality to serve clients in Greater Springfield, Massachusetts and New England (USA) & “virtually” the world. He can also be reached at romayasoundhealthandbeauty@gmail.

 




Should You Call or Text? Science Weighs In

By Jill Suttie | Greater Good Magazine

Like most people, I’ve been doing a lot of texting with friends and family lately. COVID-19 (and the physical separation it necessitates) has made socializing in person very limited, which means I’ve had to work harder than ever to keep my relationships strong and healthy.

But a new study suggests that if that’s my aim, texting may not be enough. To stay close at a time when we all need companionship and support, we’d be better off picking up the phone or setting up a video call—doing something where we can actually hear another person’s voice.

In the study, participants imagined having a conversation with a friend they hadn’t been in touch with for at least two years. They predicted how awkward or enjoyable it would be and how close they’d feel if they connected by phone versus email. They also said which medium they’d prefer to use.

Then, participants were randomly assigned to connect with their old friends via phone or email and to report back on the experience. Though most people anticipated talking by phone would be more uncomfortable for them, those who spoke on the phone were happier with the exchange, felt closer to the other person, and felt no more uncomfortable than those who’d emailed—even if they’d said they preferred to email, not call.

“We think it’s going to be awkward to talk to somebody, but that just turns out not to be the case,” says lead author Amit Kumar. “Instead . . . people form significantly stronger bonds when they’re talking on the phone than when communicating over email.”

This finding also held true for people conversing with someone they didn’t know at all, according to another part of the study.

Participants were told they’d be using voice chat, video chat, or text chat to get to know a stranger. As in the previous experiment, they were asked to predict what the experience would be like and how close they might become to the person. Then, they were paired with a stranger to do a “fast friends” exercise, asking and answering a series of increasingly personal questions, like “What would constitute the ‘perfect’ day for you?” and “What is one of the more embarrassing moments in your life?”

Overall, those assigned to voice chat or video chat expected conversations to be more awkward and not bring any more closeness than those assigned to text-chat. But they were wrong: Being able to hear people’s voices made them feel significantly closer to the stranger and were no more awkward than text-chatting.

Even though video chatting might seem better than audio alone (because people could see each other’s faces), it didn’t seem to matter—the two methods had similar results.

The power of the voice

These experiments suggest there’s something about the voice, in particular, that increases intimacy.

“There are linguistic cues that come through someone’s voice that suggest a feeling and thinking mind,” says Kumar. “And since connecting with somebody means getting a little closer to their mind, voice-based communication makes that easier or more likely.”

He points to other research that also emphasizes the importance of voice in our communication. For example, people asked to evaluate a potential job applicant found the applicant to be more thoughtful, intelligent, and competent if they’d heard rather than read the person’s job pitch. Similar to Kumar’s study, adding a video to the pitch was no more impactful than hearing the pitch without one.

In another study, people who listened to someone express a political viewpoint that they disagreed with were less likely to dehumanize that person than people who simply read the transcript of their argument. This suggests that talking to people from different political parties (rather than texting or responding to them on Facebook) might help bridge divides.

One reason for this is that our voices convey a myriad of emotions, which helps us understand one another better and feel more empathic. In fact, at least one study found that voice-only communications may be superior to those that include video because they help people read others’ emotions more accurately.

Although it might seem trivial, the way we choose to communicate matters. We shouldn’t let fears of awkwardness lead to less promising interactions, says Kumar.

“People can sometimes be relatively insensitive to the effect of their communication media on their experience,” says Kumar. “But if their goal is to become closer to someone, they’d be smarter to pay attention to that.”

Texting can be useful if you need to just pass on a quick message or set up a time to talk with someone, he adds. But, he says, if you want stronger social connections—and the happiness and well-being that come with those—calling may be the better way to reach out, especially during this time when it’s hard to be close to those we care about.

“We’re living in a time when loneliness is an increasing concern, and people need to know what to do about it,” says Kumar. “When it comes to maintaining and building the social relationships that are so integral to well-being, folks would be wise to connect with others using their voices—by talking rather than typing.”

About the Author
{author}

Jill Suttie

Jill Suttie, Psy.D., is Greater Good’s former book review editor and now serves as a staff writer and contributing editor for the magazine. She received her doctorate of psychology from the University of San Francisco in 1998 and was a psychologist in private practice before coming to Greater Good.




The Process of Folding Time In On Itself Can Allow Us To Time Travel

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DqwojQFjiSQ

Video Source: UAMN TV

Are we seeing the effects of time travelers changing the past? Emery Smith reveals that time travel technology is far older than we may have thought. During his time within the compartmentalized projects, he was introduced to the technology which could propel one forward or backward in time, to specific events. He discloses the nature of this technology, how it works, and the nature of time-travel missions. We also learn that humanity is evolving the ability to detect changes to our timelines and shifts in the reality we think we live in.



T-Mobile Has Almost Doubled Its 5G Coverage Despite Liability Concerns And Expert Warnings

cell tower 5G
T-Mobile doubles its 5G network despite warnings | Image via Caeuje from Pixabay

By B.N. Frank | Activist Post

American 5G opposition includes federal agencies and credible experts who warn the technology threatens jobs, national security, public safety, and weather forecasting accuracy (see 12). That’s in addition to the doctors, scientists, and other public advocates who warn about its serious biological and environmental risks.

Americans have already paid to have access to high-speed internet even though many still don’t have it. High-speed internet is also achievable WITHOUT 5G and WiFi. Lawsuits have been filed against the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for NOT protecting Americans from unsafe levels of radiation as well as 5G on Earth (see 123) and in space.

Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC), several Native American tribal groups, and a group of telecom experts are among those who have filed. Another lawsuit has been proposed to save Lake Tahoe and other environmentally sensitive areas from 5G and WiFi.

5G lawsuits have also been filed by municipalities. Municipal legislators have passed resolutions to ban deployment until studies prove it’s safe (see 1234, 56) and ordinances to limit and/or control installation. State representatives in Hawaii and Illinois have introduced bills. Some congress members have addressed the FCC with their concerns (see 12).

Regardless, Verizon, Sprint, AT&T and T-Mobile continue to install 5G throughout the U.S.

From The Verge:

T-Mobile expands its faster midband 5G network, nearly doubling its coverage

Another big expansion for T-Mobile’s 2.5GHz midband 5G

T-Mobile has announced another expansion of its 2.5GHz midband 5G network, which is now available in dozens of new cities, nearly doubling the coverage of its last major midband rollout from the end of September. With today’s expansion announcement, T-Mobile says that it now has midband 5G support in nearly 410 cities and towns in the United States.

The new expansion comes just after the launch of Apple’s new 5G-compatible iPhone 12 lineup, which is expected to vastly increase the number of 5G devices in the US.

T-Mobile’s 5G network combines its widely available 600MHz low-band network (which offers coverage on a nationwide scale but not much in the way of speed improvements of LTE) with the faster 2.5GHz network (which it acquired from Sprint) along with its ultra-fast mmWave network (which has the best speeds but the worst range).

Read full article

Over the years T-Mobile hasn’t been the only telecom company that has warned about liability issues with their devices and infrastructure. Within the last year, the company warned again about this as well as also reported serious problems with their 5G phones (see 123).

Cities AND entire countries have taken action to ban, delay, halt, and limit 5G installation AS WELL AS issue moratoriums on deployment. The majority of scientists worldwide oppose it until there are studies that show it’s safe. Nevertheless, telecoms keep installing it and Trump recently reintroduced his proposal for a nationalized 5G plan. Boo! Hiss!

Activist Post reports regularly about 5G and other unsafe technology. For more information visit our archives and the following websites.

 




Scientist Create Paint So Ultra-White and Reflective It Can Cool Entire Buildings Down

ultra-white paint
New ultra-white paint is able to cool surfaces and reduce heat | Image by KaboomPics from Pixabay

By Justin Maclachlan | The Mind Unleashed

Scientists have invented a new ultra-white paint that is said to be able to reflect 95.5 percent of the sunlight that reaches its surface. This unimaginable characteristic allows an object coated in this paint, like a building, to cool underneath the temperatures of its surroundings even under intense sunlight. An unbelievable scientific achievement that could go towards combating environmental changes.

The scientific research discovered by a team at Purdue University was published in the Cell Reports Physical Science journal. The team of scientists experimented with the paint over the course of two days. They found that when the Sun was at its highest point in the sky, the surface covered in the new paint was at least 1.7°C (3.06°F) below that of objects surrounding it. They also noted that at night it remained 10°C (18°F) below the temperatures.

“It is a persistent task to develop a below-ambient radiative cooling solution that offers a convenient single-layer particle-matrix paint form and high reliability,” senior author Professor Xiulin Ruan, from Purdue University, said in a statement“This is critical to the wide application of radiative cooling and to alleviate the global warming effect.”

The ability to cool down objects and buildings is definitely exciting and advantageous to combat the ongoing effects of global warming. It’s worth noting that this wouldn’t only affect a building’s outside. A building covered in this paint would also alter the temperature indoors, reducing the amount of air conditioning needed, which would lead to cheaper bills.

This is positive not just for residential and commercial buildings to keep their temperatures colder but it could help warehouses where perishable products are kept and conserve their goods as well.

The paint is made out of acrylic with a calcium carbonate component. While it lacks a metallic component which allows the paint to also be used on telecommunication devices that are kept outdoors, which would help to keep the equipment cool without interfering with any signals.

“Our paint is compatible with the manufacturing process of commercial paint, and the cost may be comparable or even lower,” said Ruan. “The key is to ensure the reliability of the paint so that it is viable in long-term outdoor applications.”

The work was supported by the Cooling Technologies Research Center at Purdue University and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research through the Defense University Research Instrumentation Program.




The Language of Nature: Plants Communicate With Each Other to Send Alerts About Incoming Pests

By  | Science.News

When they’re under attack, plants send warning signals, says a recent study published in Current Biology. These signals come in the form of airborne natural chemicals, called volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which alert neighboring plants to a threat.

But this is not merely an altruistic act, suggested researchers. It’s mutually beneficial as the receiving plants also emit these chemical defenses back, which compel the invading pest to leave the area. What’s more, genetically different plants emit VOCs that become more similar when plants are exposed to a threat.

“So, they kind of converge on the same language, or the same warning signs, to share the information freely,” said Andre Kessler, a professor of ecology and evolutionary biology at Cornell University.

Plant communication is mutually beneficial

Goldenrod, a genus of several species of flowering plants in the aster family, is one of the plants known to communicate by releasing VOCs when they’re under attack. But it’s still unclear what drives plants to emit the chemicals. The act might not be intentional at all, a byproduct of leaf damage. On the other hand, it could be purposely done as a matter of survival.

There are two prominent hypotheses for the latter. The kin selection hypothesis states that the emitting plant indirectly benefits from releasing VOCs as genetically related plants in the vicinity have a higher chance of survival. This boosts the reproductive success of its kind. Meanwhile, the mutual benefit hypothesis posits that the emitting plant directly benefits from the signaling as the preemptive chemical defenses launched by all its neighbors, whether of close kin or not, result in a hostile environment that drives the invading pest away.

The researchers wanted to test these hypotheses, and to do so, they experimented on one goldenrod species, Solidago altissima. They grew two sets of plants, one of which descended from goldenrods that were routinely sprayed with insecticides. Then, the plants were exposed to beetles.

Results seemed to support the two hypotheses. The VOCs emitted by the insecticide group induced responses only from genetically identical goldenrods – consistent with the kin selection hypothesis. On the other hand, the VOCs emitted by goldenrods whose predecessors were not sprayed with insecticide induced responses from all the other goldenrod plants near them, including plants that weren’t genetically identical to them – consistent with the mutual benefit hypothesis.

Upon further analysis, the researchers found that the receiving plants gave off the same chemical signals regardless of whether they were genetically identical to the emitter plant or not. In turn, higher amounts of VOCs could benefit plants under attack by providing either a stronger deterrent against an invading insect or a stronger attraction for its natural enemies.

“The exchange of information becomes independent of how closely related the plant is to its neighbor,” said Kessler. He added that the goldenrods went through chemical and metabolic changes in a bid to repel attackers. “It’s very much like our immune system: though plants don’t have antibodies as we have, they can fight back with pretty nasty chemistry.”

However, this “open-channel communication” seemed to occur only among the plants with a history of herbivory – the insecticide group did not display such signal convergence. Instead, they kept a private channel among their closest kin. For this reason, the researchers said that plant-to-plant communication likely evolved out of the threat posed by insect herbivory. (Related: Plants saving plants: A mixture of plant extracts and emulsifiers found to suppress disease-causing fungus.)

The findings of the study could have practical applications in agriculture. According to Kessler, plant-to-plant interaction has been explored before to find new methods of crop protection. Learning how to use VOCs effectively could help turn on the natural defenses of plants and crops.

Sources include:

ScienceDaily.com

TheScientist.com

Cell.com




Scientists: Detecting Mini Black Holes May Indicate Existence of Parallel Universes

By  | Science.News

An international team of researchers says that parallel universes may now be discovered through the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), the world’s largest particle smasher. The discovery rests upon whether scientists will be able to generate and detect mini black holes at a predicted energy level.

In a study published in the Physics Letters B., the team said the LHC might be able to smash particles at that energy level, given its unparalleled prowess. If scientists detect a mini black hole, that will indicate the existence of extra dimensions – and, by extension, parallel universes.

Previous attempts at detecting mini black holes

Physicists had tried to detect mini black holes before but repeatedly came up empty-handed. This was expected if there really were only four dimensions – three of space and one of time – since the energy required to produce a mini black hole in a four-dimensional universe is much bigger than the energy that could be achieved at the LHC.

However, if extra dimensions exist, the team said that the energy required to produce a mini black hole will be much lower, dropping to levels achievable at the LHC. This is because gravity in the universe may somehow leak into the extra dimensions, explained co-author Mir Faizal of the University of Waterloo in Canada.

Meanwhile, scientists had not detected a mini black hole because they relied on the current gravity model to make their calculations. Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity works when applied to large, cosmic objects like stars and planets but falls apart when used for explaining nature at the molecular level. (Related: The Higgs boson ‘God Particle’ discovery explained in the context of conscious cosmology.)

In particular, the theory states that gravity is caused by the curving of space and time. But the researchers pointed out that the geometry of space and time gets deformed at the Planck scale, which is several times smaller than an atom and is where mini black holes are thought to exist.

Finetuning calculations to detect mini black holes

In the study, the researchers used a new theory, called gravity’s rainbow, to account for this modification of space-time geometry. Gravity’s rainbow states that space and time curve differently for particles of different energy.

Using the new model, they predicted that a mini black hole may form at energy levels of at least 9.5 tera-electron-volts (TeV) in six dimensions and 11.9 TeV in 10 dimensions. So far, scientists only searched for a mini black hole at energy levels below 5.3 TeV.

“We have calculated the energy at which we expect to detect these mini black holes in gravity’s rainbow,” said Faizal.

The LFC could achieve energy levels of up to 14 TeV, so future endeavors to generate a mini black hole based on the study’s calculations are feasible. Detecting a mini black, in turn, will support several ideas, including parallel universes, extra dimensions, and gravity’s rainbow.

However, the researchers clarified that when they say “parallel universes,” they’re not referring to a “multiverse,” or the many-worlds interpretation of quantum mechanics in which every possibility in the universe is realized. “What we mean is real universes in extra dimensions,” said Faizal. Only gravity can leave the universe and enter these extra dimensions, he added.

But could a mini black hole swallow the planet? After all, the gravitational pull of black holes is so strong that not even light could escape upon entering their fold. That’s unlikely, according to experts. Deceased theoretical physicist Stephen Hawking calculated that all black holes should lose mass over time. This means that mini black holes should die within a fraction of a second before they could gobble up a significant amount of matter. (Related: Astronomers have, for the first time, detected matter falling into a black hole at 30% of the speed of light.)

And it’s still possible that parallel universes don’t exist at all. If a mini black hole isn’t detected at the predicted energy levels, one of three possibilities could be at play, according to corresponding author Mohammed Khalil of Alexandria University in Egypt. One, extra dimensions and parallel universes don’t exist. Two, they exist but are much smaller than expected. Three, scientists need to reexamine gravity’s rainbow.

Whatever the results, people all over the world will surely be watching.

Read more articles about mind-boggling cosmic experiments at Cosmic.news.

Sources include:

ScienceNatures.com

Phys.org

LiveScience.com




New Virtual Reality Software Allows Scientists to ‘Walk’ Inside Cells

By University of Cambridge | Science Daily

Virtual reality software which allows researchers to ‘walk’ inside and analyze individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease.

The software, called vLUME, was created by scientists at the University of Cambridge and 3D image analysis software company Lume VR Ltd. It allows super-resolution microscopy data to be visualized and analyzed in virtual reality and can be used to study everything from individual proteins to entire cells. Details are published in the journal Nature Methods.

Super-resolution microscopy, which was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 2014, makes it possible to obtain images at the nanoscale by using clever tricks of physics to get around the limits imposed by light diffraction. This has allowed researchers to observe molecular processes as they happen. However, a problem has been the lack of ways to visualize and analyze this data in three dimensions.

“Biology occurs in 3D, but up until now it has been difficult to interact with the data on a 2D computer screen in an intuitive and immersive way,” said Dr. Steven F. Lee from Cambridge’s Department of Chemistry, who led the research. “It wasn’t until we started seeing our data in virtual reality that everything clicked into place.”

The vLUME project started when Lee and his group met with the Lume VR founders at a public engagement event at the Science Museum in London. While Lee’s group had expertise in super-resolution microscopy, the team from Lume specialized in spatial computing and data analysis, and together they were able to develop vLUME into a powerful new tool for exploring complex datasets in virtual reality.

“vLUME is revolutionary imaging software that brings humans into the nanoscale,” said Alexandre Kitching, CEO of Lume. “It allows scientists to visualize, question, and interact with 3D biological data, in real-time all within a virtual reality environment, to find answers to biological questions faster. It’s a new tool for new discoveries.”

Viewing data in this way can stimulate new initiatives and ideas. For example, Anoushka Handa — a Ph.D. student from Lee’s group — used the software to image an immune cell taken from her own blood and then stood inside her own cell in virtual reality. “It’s incredible — it gives you an entirely different perspective on your work,” she said.

The software allows multiple datasets with millions of data points to be loaded in and finds patterns in the complex data using in-built clustering algorithms. These findings can then be shared with collaborators worldwide using the image and video features in the software.

“Data generated from super-resolution microscopy is extremely complex,” said Kitching. “For scientists, running analysis of this data can be very time-consuming. With vLUME, we have managed to vastly reduce that wait time allowing for more rapid testing and analysis.”

The team is mostly using vLUME with biological datasets, such as neurons, immune cells, or cancer cells. For example, Lee’s group has been studying how antigen cells trigger an immune response in the body. “Through segmenting and viewing the data in vLUME, we’ve quickly been able to rule out certain hypotheses and propose new ones,” said Lee. This software allows researchers to explore, analyze, segment, and share their data in new ways. All you need is a VR headset.”

Journal Reference:

  1. Alexander Spark, Alexandre Kitching, Daniel Esteban-Ferrer, Anoushka Handa, Alexander R. Carr, Lisa-Maria Needham, Aleks Ponjavic, Ana Mafalda Santos, James Mccoll, Christophe Leterrier, Simon J. Davis, Ricardo Henriques & Steven F. Lee. vLUME: 3D virtual reality for single-molecule localization microscopy. Nature Methods, 2020 DOI: 10.1038/s41592-020-0962-1