Top 10 Science Breakthroughs of 2014: Rosetta, DNA Breakthrough, Ancient Cave Art, Minibots, Brain Implants, and More

Source: RT America

When looking back at 2014’s biggest moments, don’t forget to take a look at the biggest innovations in science. From monumental gains in space exploration to DNA and ancient dinosaurs, intrepid intellectuals made great discoveries. RT’s Lindsay France has more.

These Infrastructure Advances in the Rest-of-the-World Will Blow Your Mind

By James321 | www.dailykos.com


While we’re “debating” torture, access to basic health care and the veracity of climate change, the rest-of-the-world is simply advancing transformational infrastructure like you would not believe.

In Switzerland, the world’s longest rail tunnel — straight through the Alps — is about to open.

At 57 kilometres, the Gotthard Base Tunnel, which will travel through the Alps between the northern portal of Erstfeld and Bodio in the south, will become the longest rail tunnel in the world once complete, stripping the title from Japan’s 53.85 kilometre Seikan Tunnel.

Meanwhile, the ancient tunnels between New York City and New Jersey — dating from 1910 and about 4,400 meters long — are so old — and damaged from recent hurricanes — that they risk forced closure — and economic catastrophe for America’s largest city — at any time.

Losing one of the current tunnels would be a commuting nightmare, but getting financial support for Gateway will be be difficult, said Len Resto, New Jersey Association of Railroad Passengers president.”The situation gets more dire day by day,” Resto said. “You will get delays unacceptable to the riding public and it will become an economic factor. There’s only so much that employers will put up with if people can’t get to work on time.”

Italy now boasts Europe’s fastest high-speed train — capable of speeds up to 400 km/h (249 mph) —  that will cut travel times between Rome and Milan — about the distance between Washington, D.C. and Providence — to two hours and some change.

The high-speed electric-multiple unit (EMU), which is expected to be put into service on the Rome-Milan corridor by Trenitalia in 2015, is certified for speeds up to 360 km/h but is capable of 400 km/h running.

(And it’s not just the sexy Italians who are leaving us in the infrastructure dust. As George W. Bush wouldn’t want me to do: don’t forget Poland!)

Meanwhile, Amtrak still has no concrete plan — and no government support — to bring true high-speed rail to our most densely-populated, north-south corridor. Our “high-speed” Acela train runs slower than most “regional” trains in Europe and Asia.

On a 30-mile stretch of railroad between Westerly and Cranston, R.I., Amtrak’s 150-m.p.h. Acela hits its top speed — for five or 10 minutes. On the crowded New York to Washington corridor, the Acela averages only 80 m.p.h., and a plan to bring it up to the speed of Japanese bullet-trains, which can top 220 m.p.h., will take $150 billion and 26 years, if it ever happens. Florida, Ohio and Wisconsin, all led by Republican governors, canceled high-speed rail projects and returned federal funds after deeming the projects too expensive and unnecessary.

Even as Americans are stuck traveling on the MegaBus, China has agreed to finance construction of a new high-speed line — through the formerly war-torn Balkan states — from Belgrade to Budapest — by 2017.

China has signed an agreement with the governments of Serbia, Hungary and Macedonia for the construction of a new high-speed railway between Belgrade and Budapest.Speaking after the signing ceremony, Chinese Premier Li Keqiang said the railway would be complete within the next two years. Feasibility studies are expected to to be carried out by June next year and the project completed by June 2017.

The new 200km/h line will reduce travel times from eight to around two-and-a-half hours between the two capital cities.

[Read more here]

Robert O'Leary, JD BARA

Robert O’Leary, JD BARA, has had an abiding interest in alternative health products and modalities since the early 1970’s, and he has seen how they have made people go from lacking health to vibrant health. He became an attorney, singer-songwriter, martial artist and father along the way and brings that experience to his practice as a BioAcoustic Soundhealth Practitioner, under the tutelage of the award-winning founder of BioAcoustic Biology, Sharry Edwards, whose Institute of BioAcoustic Biology has now been serving clients for 30 years with a non-invasive and safe integrative modality that supports the body’s ability to self-heal using the power of the human voice. Robert brings this modality to serve clients in Greater Springfield (MA), New England and “virtually” the world, through his new website, www.romayasoundhealthandbeauty.com. You can also contact him at romayasoundhealthandbeauty@gmail.com


Pew, Pew, Pew! NASA Space Lasers to Map Earth’s Forests in 3D

Credit: NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center

An artist’s conception of the 3D maps of forest architecture that data from GEDI could produce.  Credit: NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center

Kelly Dickerson | Space.com Staff Writer

A new laser instrument developed for the International Space Station is expected to generate incredible 3D maps of Earth’s forests.

The instrument called Global Ecosystem Dynamics Investigation (GEDI) uses lidar, a special kind of laser technology, to create detailed 3D maps and measure the biomass of forests. NASA has already launched a satellite designed to measure carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, but the new instrument, once launched, will allow scientists to estimate the total amount of carbon stored here on Earth inside trees.

“GEDI lidar will have a tremendous impact on our ability to monitor forest degradation, adding to the critical data needed to mitigate the effects of climate change,” Patrick O’Shea, chief research officer at the University of Maryland, said in a statement.

Scientists already knew that trees absorb carbon. What scientists don’t know is how much they store. This is a problem because scientists can’t predict how much extra carbon would escape into the atmosphere if a forest was destroyed or if planting new trees would be enough to offset the emissions.

Read the rest of the article.

Mind Over Matter: Imagining Exercise Produces Stronger Body and Mind

Brooks Hays | UPI

New research confirms that just imagining exercise can make muscles stronger.

New research confirms that just imagining exercise can make muscles stronger.

New research suggests muscles respond to simple thoughts of exercise; simply imagining exercise can trick the muscles into delaying atrophy and even getting stronger. It’s further proof that brain and body, which evolved together, are more intwined than separate.

To demonstrate the power of the brain, researchers at Ohio University wrapped a single wrist of two sets of study participants in a cast — immobilizing their muscles for four weeks. One set was instructed to sit still and intensely imagine exercising for 11 minutes, five days a week. More than just casually daydream about going to the gym, participants were instructed to devote all of their mental energy towards imagining flexing their arm muscles.

The other set of study participants weren’t given any specific instructions. At the end of the four weeks, the mental-exercisers were two times stronger than the others.

Researchers also used magnetic imaging to isolate the area of the brain responsible for the specific arm muscles. Participants that imagine exercise not only had stronger arms but also a stronger brain; their mental exercises created stronger neuromuscular pathways

[read full post here]

First Scientific Report Shows Police Body-Worn-Cameras Can Prevent Unacceptable Use-Of-Force


Screen capture from a Rialto PD officer's body-worn-camera. Credit: Rialto PD.

Screen capture from a Rialto PD officer’s body-worn-camera. Credit: Rialto PD.

As President Obama pledges investment in body-worn-camera technology for police officers, researchers say cameras induce ‘self-awareness’ that can prevent unacceptable uses-of-force seen to have tragic consequences in the US over the past year—from New York to Ferguson—but warn that cameras have implications for prosecution and data storage.

Researchers from the University of Cambridge’s Institute of Criminology (IoC) have now published the first full scientific study of the landmark crime experiment they conducted on policing with body-worn-cameras in Rialto, California in 2012—the results of which have been cited by police departments around the world as justification for rolling out this technology.

The experiment showed that evidence capture is just one output of body-worn video, and the technology is perhaps most effective at actually preventing escalation during police-public interactions: whether that’s abusive behaviour towards police or unnecessary use-of-force by police.

The researchers say the knowledge that events are being recorded creates “self-awareness” in all participants during police interactions. This is the critical component that turns body-worn video into a ‘preventative treatment’: causing individuals to modify their behaviour in response to an awareness of ‘third-party’ surveillance by cameras acting as a proxy for legal courts—as well as courts of public opinion—should unacceptable behaviour take place.

During the 12-month Rialto experiment, use-of-force by officers wearing cameras fell by 59% and reports against officers dropped by 87% against the previous year’s figures.

However, the research team caution that the Rialto experiment is only the first step on a long road of evidence-gathering, and that more needs to be known about the impact of body-worn cameras in policing before departments are “steamrolled” into adopting the technology—with vital questions remaining about how normalising the provision of digital video as evidence will affect prosecution expectations, as well as the storage technology and policies that will be required for the enormous amount of data captured.

President Obama recently promised to spend $75m of federal funds on body-worn-video to try and stem the haemorrhaging legitimacy of US police forces among communities across the United States after the killing of several unarmed black men by police caused nationwide anguish, igniting waves of protest.

But some in the US question the merit of camera technology given that the officer responsible for killing Eric Garner—a 43-year-old black man suffocated during arrest for selling untaxed cigarettes—was acquitted by a grand jury despite the fact that a bystander filmed the altercation on a mobile phone, with footage showing an illegal ‘chokehold’ administered on Garner who repeatedly states: “I can’t breathe”. (A medical examiner ruled the death a homicide).

[read full post here]

Scientists Discover How Red Wine ‘Miracle Ingredient’ Resveratrol Helps Us Stay Young

The Independent

It stimulates ancient cellular mechanism that slows ageing in times of stress and sickness

It stimulates ancient cellular mechanism that slows ageing in times of stress and sickness

A substance found in red wine may protect the body against age-related diseases by stimulating an ancient evolutionary defence mechanism that guards human cells against genetic damage, scientists said.

Resveratrol, an organic compound found in grapes, nuts and a variety of other edible plants, has already been linked with extending the healthy life of laboratory animals as well as decreasing the incidence of heart disease and other illnesses in humans.

Because red wine is particularly rich in resveratrol, some researchers have suggested that it could explain the “French paradox” of a relatively high-fat diet but relatively low incidence of coronary heart disease within the wine-drinking population of France.

Nevertheless, scientists have disputed whether the supposed effects of resveratrol on human health are real and, if so, how it could be so beneficial. However, researchers have now come up with a possible answer.

The study found that resveratrol mimics another molecule found naturally in the body that is involved in activating an ancient chemical pathway to limit stress and damage to the DNA of cells – which would otherwise result in ageing and disease.

“This stress response represents a layer of biology that has been largely overlooked, and resveratrol turns out to activate it at much lower concentrations than those used in prior studies,” said Professor Paul Schimmel of the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, who led the study published in the journal Nature.

The researchers found that resveratrol mimics a naturally occurring amino acid called tyrosine, which normally binds to one of a family of enzymes that are thought to have evolved many hundreds of millions of years ago when life existed as simple microbes.

One of these enzymes, known as TyrRS, becomes activated when resveratrol binds to it. This causes the enzyme to move into the cell nucleus where it helps to protect the DNA of the chromosomes against genetic damage, the scientists suggested.

The study found that when the TyrRS enzyme enters the cell nucleus it activates a host of protective genes including an anti-cancer gene called p53, which suppresses tumours, and the so-called “longevity” genes implicated in extending lifespans and combating age-related illnesses.

Relatively small levels of resveratrol caused the response. These concentrations were about a thousand times lower than the doses previous studies suggested would produce an effect, said Matthew Sajish, co-author of the Scripps study.

“With these findings we have a new, fundamental mechanism for the known beneficial effects of resveratrol,” Dr Sajish said.

“Based on these results, it is conceivable that moderate consumption of a couple of glasses of red wine would give a person enough resveratrol to evoke a protective effect via this pathway,” he said.

The researchers suggest that the reason why resveratrol, a plant compound, can cause such a pronounced effect on animals is that it does much the same thing in plants. They suggested the TyrRS enzyme is part of an ancient defence system that predates the divergence of the animal and plant kingdoms.

“We believe that TyrRS has evolved to act as a top-level switch or activator of a fundamental cell-protecting mechanism that works in virtually all forms of life,” Dr Sajish said.

Resveratrol: The “elixir” of youth

Various studies have indicated that resveratrol may be beneficial to health by possessing anti-oxidative, anti-carcinogenic or anti-tumour properties. The full scientific name is trans-3,5,4-trihydroxystilbene and it is found in the vines, roots, seeds and stalks of vine plants, but it becomes particularly concentrated in the skins of grapes, possibly as a defence against fungal attack. Red wine typically contains more resveratrol than white wine because of the habit of leaving grape skins for longer during fermentation. Other foods that contain resveratrol include peanuts and soy.

More from The Independent

Invisibility Cloaks: “We’re Closing In… It’s Well Within the Laws of Physics” – Michio Kaku


Source:Michio Kaku Videos

“We don’t have the Harry Potter invisibility cloak yet.  However, we’re closing in and we now realize that it’s well within the laws of physics.”

How Can Open Source and 3D Printing Help Get New Energy Technologies Out Into the World? (Video)

Source: THRIVEMovement

What do Open Source and 3D printing have to do with getting new energy technologies out to the world? Here is an excerpt from our ThriveTogether event describing their potential.

Just might be the way to get the toothpaste out of the tube!

Audio Transcription

Kimberly: Hi. We’ve had over 500 breakthrough projects come our way at THRIVE in the past three years, both technological and social innovations. We chose the top 70 of those. So, what criteria did we use to select those projects and what is the range of options for funding and manufacturing and distribution that we’ve been developing? We explored those questions and more with hundreds of people from our ThriveTogether network. It was a great conversation. Here’s an excerpt from our team member, Goa Lobaugh, describing a little bit about open source and 3D printing, which are both great and important options for getting free energy out into the world without waiting for the cabal to think it’s a good idea. Check it out…

Related Article: Will 3D Printing Make Gun Laws Useless?

Goa: The first, most common misconception about open source is that you have to give it away and you’ve relinquished your rights, or privilege, or even opportunity for income from that. It really is not that at all. It’s not necessarily a business model per se to do open source, but it’s really a business strategy or a tactic. Let me drop in a couple of quick links in the chat that have a few articles about this. One is from the Harvard Business Review and one’s from Open Health News. The one with Open Health News is actually quite interesting because it goes into 15 or 20 different distinct and most common types of licensing strategies that you can use for open source and they really range (and I’m not going to go through them all), but the most simple are dual license, where you give it away for free to the user but anyone that wants to use it in a commercial application needs to license it from the proprietor. Rob can speak more about that because he actually has done that himself. We did the same type of strategy for the toolkit that we developed for the THRIVE visual effects. We open-sourced that last year in the same kind of a dual license scenario.

The real heart of open source and the piece that makes it so valuable is that you push a lot of very expensive aspects out towards the community. It can be a really expensive endeavor to do QA (Quality Assurance) on a product or a service or a piece of software, but when you don’t have to hire a hundred people but a thousand people out in the community can do that independently and still have that feedback loop, it really can race development along. It also proves, invests, and improves the technology as you go. It closes up security holes. The security aspect is another important one because from a certain perspective, commercial companies are dis-incentivized to actually be really tight with their security and reveal that they have holes or anything like that, whereas in an open source paradigm, you’ve got a community of people who are out there that are really trying to tear it down and make sure it’s totally bulletproof and holds its water. Those types of projects actually stack up much higher from a security and safety perspective than similar commercial products. I think that’s important to note.

Related Article: Engineers Pave Way Towards 3D Printing of Personal Electronics

Most people that are familiar with open source projects are usually on the software side because that’s really where it’s been developed and most popularized. The operating system of Linux is a great example of that. It’s also a great example of where people are selling add-on services or different types of services, be it upgrades or add-ons, like I’ve mentioned, or even customer support/technical support (that’s an add-on service) while they’re still giving away the core software as an open source package. Red Hat is an example of that, or Linux.

But, hardware isn’t really excluded. There are some fantastic open source hardware projects. Arduino is one of my favorite examples that have really leveraged the proliferation of and the expansion of 3D printing in the last several years. Also, many of you may know that Tesla Motors kind of did a quasi-open source. They told everyone that they’re not going to enforce any infringements on their patents, so they’ve kind of open-sourced their patents and said, “Okay, go ahead and use them. We’re not going to sue you for it.” I think it’s an excellent move in the right direction, but it wasn’t quite a full-on open source kind of a thing.

There’s one other link I want to drop into the chat, which is a new book by a fellow named Robert David Steele. The book is called “Open Source Everything” and I’m just actually starting this book. I haven’t actually finished it yet, but there are some really popular ideas about the theory of open source and the benefit that can be had by open-sourcing, literally, everything.

3D printing is essentially a way to take a three-dimensional file and make it into a physical object. I’ve got a few examples of that. Here’s something that we generated with the Toolkit that we devised, or designed, for the film, THRIVE. The form is actually made in the software and this model is digitally sliced into hundreds of thousands of tiny little layers and then 3D printing, which is also called additive manufacturing, what it does is it uses a print head to lay down one tiny layer at a time on top of the next and so what you get at the end is a physical model of your digital design. That’s kind of it in a nutshell.

What I think is really interesting and why it has really become so popular in the last few years is because the patents expired. Most people think this is a brand-new phenomenon, but I’ve been tracking 3D printing, literally, for 15 years. The patents just expired and those are 20-25 years. So, it’s really been around for over a quarter century and it’s because the patents have expired and the convergence of other open source technologies that really have enabled this huge proliferation of 3D printing now. Now, there are probably dozens of different 3D printers that are also part of an open source model.

Related Article: Deadly and Life-Saving: Printing Our Three-Dimensional Future



World’s First ‘Three-Parent’ Babies Could Be Born In the UK

The Guardian

dna babyA further step towards creating babies using DNA from three people has been taken by the UK government with the announcement of new regulations to be put before parliament. The move was hailed as a “milestone” by the head of one charity representing those affected by mitochondrial diseases, which thecontroversial fertility technique aims to prevent.

MPs will be asked to vote on whether the UK should become the first country in the world to legalise the procedure, an IVF technique that uses genetic material from a mother and a father as well as a donor egg – minus its nucleus – from another woman.

The donor contributes healthy mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to replace defective mtDNA responsible for a host of serious inherited diseases. Housed in the mitochondria – the cell’s “power plants” – and not the cell nucleus, mtDNA accounts for only 0.1% of a person’s genetic make-up.

Mitochondrial diseases are rare, affecting around one in 5,000 of the population, but can be devastating for families. They cause a wide range of different conditions affecting muscles, nerves and organs, and can lead to blindness, deafness, autism and learning difficulties.

One of the regulations laid before parliament says that the donor would not be classed as a parent related to the child. Others say that the fertility regulator must assess each case for a significant risk of disability or serious illness, and that fertility clinics would need to obtain a special licence to offer the treatment.

In addition, any child born as a result of the technique would have no automatic right to information about the donor.

Robert Meadowcroft, chief executive of the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign, which helps people suffering from mitochondrial diseases, said: “Today’s news is an important milestone for families affected by mitochondrial disease.

[read full post here]

The Rosetta Stone of Body Language

Editor’s Note: While you probably learned in school that the body communicates through its nerves using electricity, it has been found recently that the body really communicates through frequency. This gives some inkling as to how effective BioAcoustic Biology can be at supporting the individual’s self-healing ability, because this modality speaks the same language that the body does.

RosettaStoneHeart&Mind-27691061_m-680x380By Jill Mattson | OM Times

The Rosetta Stone of the Body Studies are popping up all over – showing that the language of the body is sound. Invisible sound waves are the body’s secret communication system! Understanding the “Rosetta Stone of body language” will unlock untold breakthrough for health.

Science maintains that nerves communicate information to the far reaches of the body through electrical impulses. Thomas Heimburg , a Copenhagen university, biology and physics researcher questions this, “The physical laws of thermodynamics tell us that electrical impulses must produce heat as they travel along the nerve, but experiments find no heat.” We need to rethink standard thinking about inter body communications via the nervous system.

Heimburg proposes that the nerves communicate information, but through sound waves. This controversial idea also explains how anesthesiology works – a mystery that has baffled scientists for years. Anesthetics change the melting point of nerve membranes so that they can’t propagate sound. Nerves are put on “stand by” and can’t report messages that the brain would interpret as pain. Do the nerves communicate pain and other things through sound waves?

John Beaulieu from BioSonics, links nerves and sound in an entirely new way. He believes that the high pitched, electrical ringing in one’s ears (a sound that comes and goes, not like tinnitus) is the sound of nerves communicating. By humming the sound heard in one’s ears, the sound can lesson or stop.

Sharry Edwards from BioAcoustics, believes tiny ear sounds reflect communications within the body, “Our ears create intrinsic sound waves” (scientific fact). Sound goes out the ears like a radio signal, broadcasting to the rest of the body. Is the language of the body numbers (of cycles of sound waves), expressed as frequencies or sounds?

This reflects the idea of Plato and Pythagoras who insisted that “all is number” (do they meaning we should count the number of sine waves of sound?). Edwards did this very thing. By observing body sounds Edwards discovered that when waves interact, the addition or subtraction representing wave cancellation or addition is impeccably accurate. In other words the processes that occur in the body (like digesting your food) operate like interacting sound waves. Further these numbers (gotten by counting sound waves) can be correlated to chemicals and biological formulas within the body.

Read more…

Robert O'Leary, JD BARA

Robert O’Leary, JD BARA, has had an abiding interest in alternative health products and modalities since the early 1970’s, and he has seen how they have made people go from lacking health to vibrant health. He became an attorney, singer-songwriter, martial artist and father along the way and brings that experience to his practice as a BioAcoustic Soundhealth Practitioner, under the tutelage of the award-winning founder of BioAcoustic Biology, Sharry Edwards, whose Institute of BioAcoustic Biology has now been serving clients for 30 years with a non-invasive and safe integrative modality that supports the body’s ability to self-heal using the power of the human voice. Robert brings this modality to serve clients in Greater Springfield (MA), New England and “virtually” the world, through his new website, www.romayasoundhealthandbeauty.com


Become a Force For Good in Your Neighborhood with Free Peacekeeper App

Activist Post

peacekeeper appThe state of police work in the U.S. continues to be called into question. Due to major budget cutbacks amid a worsening economy, many areas have been left with part-time police and 911 response. And even if available, the wait times can be life threatening.

Moreover, the police who do show up are often of a completely different mindset than the police of yesteryear. An increasingly militarized police force can show up to an emergency response call as though it is territory to be invaded and occupied. The stories are legion of police killing the owner who called, shooting their pets, or basically laying waste to their home. In fact, the growth of the police state is one of the greatest threats that each of us might encounter as we go about our day-to-day lives.

People are beginning to look to technology as a possible solution. We previously reported on an app called Sidekik, which was designed to make it as easy as possible to record the police and upload that recording offsite, also putting you in immediate contact with legal representation to help you navigate the encounter … in real-time.

Now a new app called Peacekeeper goes even a step further, encouraging connectivity with your neighbors, family and friends in order to establish a response network filled with people who already have earned your trust. Please read their press release and see their video below. Tell us what you think – is this a viable decentralized solution that can restore self-reliance and community strength? Please leave your comments.  

Press Release – Peacekeeper, a free, community-based emergency response Smartphone app, cuts emergency response times by relying on nearby neighbors. When a user is in an emergency, the app notifies neighbors, friends and family and gives them the chance to be first responders. The system enables individuals to easily send, receive, and respond to emergency alerts. The design of the app gives users the ability to get the help they need when seconds count the most.

In an emergency, response time is critical. By relying on neighbors across the street rather than police across town, Peacekeeper can dramatically reduce the wait time for help to arrive.

The four types of Peacekeeper alerts are Medical, Fire, Intruder and Abduction. Alerts contain detailed information about the emergency so that the recipients know where to find the person and what to expect when they arrive. Responders and victims can communicate in real-time via the built-in chat feature.

“The Peacekeeper app is designed to change how people think and feel about emergency response by building tools, relationships and training that empower individuals to take action within their own communities,” says Cody Drummond, the app’s founder. “This has the potential to dramatically reduce assault, improve security and improve safety in neighborhoods around the world.”

For medical emergencies, responders can provide users with the support they need during a crisis or serve as an intermediary until professional help arrives. For instance, if a child falls unconscious, a family member can quickly send a medical alert to the people in their private emergency response group. Neighbors who know CPR or have medical training arrive within seconds and save a life.

“We hope an emergency never happens, but if it does, Peacekeeper alerts the important people who are motivated and ready to respond with one touch of a button,” explains Drummond. Peacekeeper users have two layers of protection: their Emergency Response Group (ERG) and their Alliance.

ERG’s consist of the neighbors that you choose to be in your network. Alliances are designated family and friends who may be geographically further away, yet, are likely to act quickly in an emergency.

Thanks to a successful beta test period, the app now has users in all 50 United States and over 20 foreign countries.

The Peacekeeper app is built to call responders to your home. As the network grows and users begin to establish trusted reputations, Peacekeeper plans to implement features that allow users to send alerts from any location for emergency response wherever they go.

Cody Drummond is available for interviews – please contact his publicist, Kimberly Hartke, at 703-860-2711.

The app is available in Apple’s App Store and Android’s Google Play for free.


Peacekeeper is dedicated to building and implementing systems and tools that will bring peace and security to neighborhoods around the world. Visit them on the web at Peacekeeper.org

Hat Tip: TechSwarm

More from Activistpost

Quantum Teleportation Reaches Farthest Distance Yet

 Kelly Dickerson | Space

These crystals captured and stored quantum information at the end of the teleportation. Credit: GAP, University of Geneva (UNIGE)

These crystals captured and stored quantum information at the end of the teleportation.
Credit: GAP, University of Geneva (UNIGE)

A new distance record has been set in the strange world of quantum teleportation.

In a recent experiment, the quantum state (the direction it was spinning) of a light particle instantly traveled 15.5 miles (25 kilometers) across an optical fiber, becoming the farthest successful quantum teleportationfeat yet. Advances in quantum teleportation could lead to better Internet and communication security, and get scientists closer to developing quantum computers.

About five years ago, researchers could only teleport quantum information, such as which direction a particle is spinning, across a few meters. Now, they can beam that information across several miles. [Twisted Physics: 7 Mind-Blowing Findings]

Quantum teleportation doesn’t mean it’s possible for a person to instantly pop from New York to London, or be instantly beamed aboard a spacecraft like in television’s “Star Trek.” Physicists can’t instantly transport matter, but they can instantly transport information through quantum teleportation. This works thanks to a bizarre quantum mechanics property called entanglement.

Quantum entanglement happens when two subatomic particles stay connected no matter how far apart they are. When one particle is disturbed, it instantly affects the entangled partner. It’s impossible to tell the state of either particle until one is directly measured, but measuring one particle instantly determines the state of its partner.

[read full post here]

Einstein’s Letter Defending Marie Curie Shows Just How Long Trolls Have Been Slut-Shaming Women

 | Rawstory

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (Wikimedia Commons)

In 1911, nearly a decade after winning a Nobel Prize for her pioneering work on radiation, Marie Curie received a letter from Albert Einstein in which he urged her not to be beaten down by people who would, today, be called trolls.

The letter is among the thousand of Einstein’s documents released last week — which are being called “the Dead Sea Scrolls of physics” — and it begins by Einstein asking Curie “not [to] laugh at me for writing you without having anything sensible to say.”

“But I am so enraged by the base manner in which the public is presently daring to concern itself with you,” he continued, “that I absolutely must give vent to this feeling.”

The treatment to which Einstein referred included the fact that the French Academy of Sciences denied her application for a seat, possibly because of rumors that she was Jewish — or because she was having an affair with a married man, the physicist Paul Langevin.

“I am convinced that you consistently despise this rabble,” Einstein wrote, “whether it obsequiously lavishes respect on you or whether it attempts to satiate its lust for sensationalism!”

[read full post here]

Michio Kaku: “Are We Ready For the Coming Age of Abundance?”


Source: Michio Kaku Videos

Dr. Michio Kaku discusses economics, technology, and our abundant future in this full video presentation of a lecture he gave.

500,000 Year Old Engraving Rewrites View of Human History

Richard Ingham | Phys

Detail of the engraving on fossil Pseudodon shell (DUB1006-fL) from Trinil Credit: Wim Lustenhouwer, VU University Amsterdam

Detail of the engraving on fossil Pseudodon shell (DUB1006-fL) from Trinil Credit: Wim Lustenhouwer, VU University Amsterdam

Anthropologists on Wednesday said they had found the earliest engraving in human history on a fossilised mollusc shell some 500,000 years old, unearthed in colonial-era Indonesia.

The zigzag scratching, together with evidence that these shells were used as a tool, should prompt a rethink about the mysterious early human called Homo erectus, they said.

The discovery comes through new scrutiny of 166 freshwater mussel shells found at Trinil, on the banks of the Bengawan Solo river in East Java, where one of the most sensational finds in fossil-hunting was made.

It was here in 1891 that an adventurous Dutch palaeontologist, Eugene Dubois, found “Java Man.”

With a couple of army sergeants and convict labour to do the digging, Dubois excavated part of a heavy-browed skull, a tooth and a thigh bone.

He interpreted these as being the remains of a gibbon-like hominid that was the long-sought “missing link” between apes and humans.

Dubois’ claim excited fierce controversy, as well as jokey images of our distant ancestors as slack-jawed primates with dragging knuckles.

Palaeontologists eventually categorised the find as a Homo erectus, or “upright human”—a hominid that according to sketchy and hugely debated fossil evidence lived from around 1.9 million years ago to about 150,000 years ago.

Reporting in the science journal Nature, a team led by Josephine Joordens at Leiden University in the Netherlands, harnessed 21st-century technology to take a new look at the Trinil shells, now housed in a local collection.

Carbon dating of sediment found in the shells put their age at between 430,000 and 540,000 years ago.

A third of the shells were also found to have a curious hole at the base of one of the bivalve’s muscles.

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