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How Can Open Source and 3D Printing Help Get New Energy Technologies Out Into the World? (Video)

Source: THRIVEMovement

What do Open Source and 3D printing have to do with getting new energy technologies out to the world? Here is an excerpt from our ThriveTogether event describing their potential.

Just might be the way to get the toothpaste out of the tube!

Audio Transcription

Kimberly: Hi. We’ve had over 500 breakthrough projects come our way at THRIVE in the past three years, both technological and social innovations. We chose the top 70 of those. So, what criteria did we use to select those projects and what is the range of options for funding and manufacturing and distribution that we’ve been developing? We explored those questions and more with hundreds of people from our ThriveTogether network. It was a great conversation. Here’s an excerpt from our team member, Goa Lobaugh, describing a little bit about open source and 3D printing, which are both great and important options for getting free energy out into the world without waiting for the cabal to think it’s a good idea. Check it out…

Related Article: Will 3D Printing Make Gun Laws Useless?

Goa: The first, most common misconception about open source is that you have to give it away and you’ve relinquished your rights, or privilege, or even opportunity for income from that. It really is not that at all. It’s not necessarily a business model per se to do open source, but it’s really a business strategy or a tactic. Let me drop in a couple of quick links in the chat that have a few articles about this. One is from the Harvard Business Review and one’s from Open Health News. The one with Open Health News is actually quite interesting because it goes into 15 or 20 different distinct and most common types of licensing strategies that you can use for open source and they really range (and I’m not going to go through them all), but the most simple are dual license, where you give it away for free to the user but anyone that wants to use it in a commercial application needs to license it from the proprietor. Rob can speak more about that because he actually has done that himself. We did the same type of strategy for the toolkit that we developed for the THRIVE visual effects. We open-sourced that last year in the same kind of a dual license scenario.

The real heart of open source and the piece that makes it so valuable is that you push a lot of very expensive aspects out towards the community. It can be a really expensive endeavor to do QA (Quality Assurance) on a product or a service or a piece of software, but when you don’t have to hire a hundred people but a thousand people out in the community can do that independently and still have that feedback loop, it really can race development along. It also proves, invests, and improves the technology as you go. It closes up security holes. The security aspect is another important one because from a certain perspective, commercial companies are dis-incentivized to actually be really tight with their security and reveal that they have holes or anything like that, whereas in an open source paradigm, you’ve got a community of people who are out there that are really trying to tear it down and make sure it’s totally bulletproof and holds its water. Those types of projects actually stack up much higher from a security and safety perspective than similar commercial products. I think that’s important to note.

Related Article: Engineers Pave Way Towards 3D Printing of Personal Electronics

Most people that are familiar with open source projects are usually on the software side because that’s really where it’s been developed and most popularized. The operating system of Linux is a great example of that. It’s also a great example of where people are selling add-on services or different types of services, be it upgrades or add-ons, like I’ve mentioned, or even customer support/technical support (that’s an add-on service) while they’re still giving away the core software as an open source package. Red Hat is an example of that, or Linux.

But, hardware isn’t really excluded. There are some fantastic open source hardware projects. Arduino is one of my favorite examples that have really leveraged the proliferation of and the expansion of 3D printing in the last several years. Also, many of you may know that Tesla Motors kind of did a quasi-open source. They told everyone that they’re not going to enforce any infringements on their patents, so they’ve kind of open-sourced their patents and said, “Okay, go ahead and use them. We’re not going to sue you for it.” I think it’s an excellent move in the right direction, but it wasn’t quite a full-on open source kind of a thing.

There’s one other link I want to drop into the chat, which is a new book by a fellow named Robert David Steele. The book is called “Open Source Everything” and I’m just actually starting this book. I haven’t actually finished it yet, but there are some really popular ideas about the theory of open source and the benefit that can be had by open-sourcing, literally, everything.

3D printing is essentially a way to take a three-dimensional file and make it into a physical object. I’ve got a few examples of that. Here’s something that we generated with the Toolkit that we devised, or designed, for the film, THRIVE. The form is actually made in the software and this model is digitally sliced into hundreds of thousands of tiny little layers and then 3D printing, which is also called additive manufacturing, what it does is it uses a print head to lay down one tiny layer at a time on top of the next and so what you get at the end is a physical model of your digital design. That’s kind of it in a nutshell.

What I think is really interesting and why it has really become so popular in the last few years is because the patents expired. Most people think this is a brand-new phenomenon, but I’ve been tracking 3D printing, literally, for 15 years. The patents just expired and those are 20-25 years. So, it’s really been around for over a quarter century and it’s because the patents have expired and the convergence of other open source technologies that really have enabled this huge proliferation of 3D printing now. Now, there are probably dozens of different 3D printers that are also part of an open source model.

Related Article: Deadly and Life-Saving: Printing Our Three-Dimensional Future

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World’s First ‘Three-Parent’ Babies Could Be Born In the UK

The Guardian

dna babyA further step towards creating babies using DNA from three people has been taken by the UK government with the announcement of new regulations to be put before parliament. The move was hailed as a “milestone” by the head of one charity representing those affected by mitochondrial diseases, which thecontroversial fertility technique aims to prevent.

MPs will be asked to vote on whether the UK should become the first country in the world to legalise the procedure, an IVF technique that uses genetic material from a mother and a father as well as a donor egg – minus its nucleus – from another woman.

The donor contributes healthy mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to replace defective mtDNA responsible for a host of serious inherited diseases. Housed in the mitochondria – the cell’s “power plants” – and not the cell nucleus, mtDNA accounts for only 0.1% of a person’s genetic make-up.

Mitochondrial diseases are rare, affecting around one in 5,000 of the population, but can be devastating for families. They cause a wide range of different conditions affecting muscles, nerves and organs, and can lead to blindness, deafness, autism and learning difficulties.

One of the regulations laid before parliament says that the donor would not be classed as a parent related to the child. Others say that the fertility regulator must assess each case for a significant risk of disability or serious illness, and that fertility clinics would need to obtain a special licence to offer the treatment.

In addition, any child born as a result of the technique would have no automatic right to information about the donor.

Robert Meadowcroft, chief executive of the Muscular Dystrophy Campaign, which helps people suffering from mitochondrial diseases, said: “Today’s news is an important milestone for families affected by mitochondrial disease.

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The Rosetta Stone of Body Language

Editor’s Note: While you probably learned in school that the body communicates through its nerves using electricity, it has been found recently that the body really communicates through frequency. This gives some inkling as to how effective BioAcoustic Biology can be at supporting the individual’s self-healing ability, because this modality speaks the same language that the body does.

RosettaStoneHeart&Mind-27691061_m-680x380By Jill Mattson | OM Times

The Rosetta Stone of the Body Studies are popping up all over – showing that the language of the body is sound. Invisible sound waves are the body’s secret communication system! Understanding the “Rosetta Stone of body language” will unlock untold breakthrough for health.

Science maintains that nerves communicate information to the far reaches of the body through electrical impulses. Thomas Heimburg , a Copenhagen university, biology and physics researcher questions this, “The physical laws of thermodynamics tell us that electrical impulses must produce heat as they travel along the nerve, but experiments find no heat.” We need to rethink standard thinking about inter body communications via the nervous system.

Heimburg proposes that the nerves communicate information, but through sound waves. This controversial idea also explains how anesthesiology works – a mystery that has baffled scientists for years. Anesthetics change the melting point of nerve membranes so that they can’t propagate sound. Nerves are put on “stand by” and can’t report messages that the brain would interpret as pain. Do the nerves communicate pain and other things through sound waves?

John Beaulieu from BioSonics, links nerves and sound in an entirely new way. He believes that the high pitched, electrical ringing in one’s ears (a sound that comes and goes, not like tinnitus) is the sound of nerves communicating. By humming the sound heard in one’s ears, the sound can lesson or stop.

Sharry Edwards from BioAcoustics, believes tiny ear sounds reflect communications within the body, “Our ears create intrinsic sound waves” (scientific fact). Sound goes out the ears like a radio signal, broadcasting to the rest of the body. Is the language of the body numbers (of cycles of sound waves), expressed as frequencies or sounds?

This reflects the idea of Plato and Pythagoras who insisted that “all is number” (do they meaning we should count the number of sine waves of sound?). Edwards did this very thing. By observing body sounds Edwards discovered that when waves interact, the addition or subtraction representing wave cancellation or addition is impeccably accurate. In other words the processes that occur in the body (like digesting your food) operate like interacting sound waves. Further these numbers (gotten by counting sound waves) can be correlated to chemicals and biological formulas within the body.

Read more…

Robert O'Leary, JD BARA

Robert O’Leary, JD BARA, has had an abiding interest in alternative health products and modalities since the early 1970’s, and he has seen how they have made people go from lacking health to vibrant health. He became an attorney, singer-songwriter, martial artist and father along the way and brings that experience to his practice as a BioAcoustic Soundhealth Practitioner, under the tutelage of the award-winning founder of BioAcoustic Biology, Sharry Edwards, whose Institute of BioAcoustic Biology has now been serving clients for 30 years with a non-invasive and safe integrative modality that supports the body’s ability to self-heal using the power of the human voice. Robert brings this modality to serve clients in Greater Springfield (MA), New England and “virtually” the world, through his new website, www.romayasoundhealthandbeauty.com

 




Become a Force For Good in Your Neighborhood with Free Peacekeeper App

Activist Post

peacekeeper appThe state of police work in the U.S. continues to be called into question. Due to major budget cutbacks amid a worsening economy, many areas have been left with part-time police and 911 response. And even if available, the wait times can be life threatening.

Moreover, the police who do show up are often of a completely different mindset than the police of yesteryear. An increasingly militarized police force can show up to an emergency response call as though it is territory to be invaded and occupied. The stories are legion of police killing the owner who called, shooting their pets, or basically laying waste to their home. In fact, the growth of the police state is one of the greatest threats that each of us might encounter as we go about our day-to-day lives.

People are beginning to look to technology as a possible solution. We previously reported on an app called Sidekik, which was designed to make it as easy as possible to record the police and upload that recording offsite, also putting you in immediate contact with legal representation to help you navigate the encounter … in real-time.

Now a new app called Peacekeeper goes even a step further, encouraging connectivity with your neighbors, family and friends in order to establish a response network filled with people who already have earned your trust. Please read their press release and see their video below. Tell us what you think – is this a viable decentralized solution that can restore self-reliance and community strength? Please leave your comments.  

Press Release – Peacekeeper, a free, community-based emergency response Smartphone app, cuts emergency response times by relying on nearby neighbors. When a user is in an emergency, the app notifies neighbors, friends and family and gives them the chance to be first responders. The system enables individuals to easily send, receive, and respond to emergency alerts. The design of the app gives users the ability to get the help they need when seconds count the most.

In an emergency, response time is critical. By relying on neighbors across the street rather than police across town, Peacekeeper can dramatically reduce the wait time for help to arrive.

The four types of Peacekeeper alerts are Medical, Fire, Intruder and Abduction. Alerts contain detailed information about the emergency so that the recipients know where to find the person and what to expect when they arrive. Responders and victims can communicate in real-time via the built-in chat feature.

“The Peacekeeper app is designed to change how people think and feel about emergency response by building tools, relationships and training that empower individuals to take action within their own communities,” says Cody Drummond, the app’s founder. “This has the potential to dramatically reduce assault, improve security and improve safety in neighborhoods around the world.”

For medical emergencies, responders can provide users with the support they need during a crisis or serve as an intermediary until professional help arrives. For instance, if a child falls unconscious, a family member can quickly send a medical alert to the people in their private emergency response group. Neighbors who know CPR or have medical training arrive within seconds and save a life.

“We hope an emergency never happens, but if it does, Peacekeeper alerts the important people who are motivated and ready to respond with one touch of a button,” explains Drummond. Peacekeeper users have two layers of protection: their Emergency Response Group (ERG) and their Alliance.

ERG’s consist of the neighbors that you choose to be in your network. Alliances are designated family and friends who may be geographically further away, yet, are likely to act quickly in an emergency.

Thanks to a successful beta test period, the app now has users in all 50 United States and over 20 foreign countries.

The Peacekeeper app is built to call responders to your home. As the network grows and users begin to establish trusted reputations, Peacekeeper plans to implement features that allow users to send alerts from any location for emergency response wherever they go.

Cody Drummond is available for interviews – please contact his publicist, Kimberly Hartke, at 703-860-2711.

The app is available in Apple’s App Store and Android’s Google Play for free.

https://youtu.be/_WWAiezwBjg

Peacekeeper is dedicated to building and implementing systems and tools that will bring peace and security to neighborhoods around the world. Visit them on the web at Peacekeeper.org

Hat Tip: TechSwarm

More from Activistpost




Quantum Teleportation Reaches Farthest Distance Yet

 Kelly Dickerson | Space

These crystals captured and stored quantum information at the end of the teleportation. Credit: GAP, University of Geneva (UNIGE)

These crystals captured and stored quantum information at the end of the teleportation.
Credit: GAP, University of Geneva (UNIGE)

A new distance record has been set in the strange world of quantum teleportation.

In a recent experiment, the quantum state (the direction it was spinning) of a light particle instantly traveled 15.5 miles (25 kilometers) across an optical fiber, becoming the farthest successful quantum teleportationfeat yet. Advances in quantum teleportation could lead to better Internet and communication security, and get scientists closer to developing quantum computers.

About five years ago, researchers could only teleport quantum information, such as which direction a particle is spinning, across a few meters. Now, they can beam that information across several miles. [Twisted Physics: 7 Mind-Blowing Findings]

Quantum teleportation doesn’t mean it’s possible for a person to instantly pop from New York to London, or be instantly beamed aboard a spacecraft like in television’s “Star Trek.” Physicists can’t instantly transport matter, but they can instantly transport information through quantum teleportation. This works thanks to a bizarre quantum mechanics property called entanglement.

Quantum entanglement happens when two subatomic particles stay connected no matter how far apart they are. When one particle is disturbed, it instantly affects the entangled partner. It’s impossible to tell the state of either particle until one is directly measured, but measuring one particle instantly determines the state of its partner.

[read full post here]




Einstein’s Letter Defending Marie Curie Shows Just How Long Trolls Have Been Slut-Shaming Women

 | Rawstory

Albert Einstein

Albert Einstein (Wikimedia Commons)

In 1911, nearly a decade after winning a Nobel Prize for her pioneering work on radiation, Marie Curie received a letter from Albert Einstein in which he urged her not to be beaten down by people who would, today, be called trolls.

The letter is among the thousand of Einstein’s documents released last week — which are being called “the Dead Sea Scrolls of physics” — and it begins by Einstein asking Curie “not [to] laugh at me for writing you without having anything sensible to say.”

“But I am so enraged by the base manner in which the public is presently daring to concern itself with you,” he continued, “that I absolutely must give vent to this feeling.”

The treatment to which Einstein referred included the fact that the French Academy of Sciences denied her application for a seat, possibly because of rumors that she was Jewish — or because she was having an affair with a married man, the physicist Paul Langevin.

“I am convinced that you consistently despise this rabble,” Einstein wrote, “whether it obsequiously lavishes respect on you or whether it attempts to satiate its lust for sensationalism!”

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Michio Kaku: “Are We Ready For the Coming Age of Abundance?”

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i0a9c_MbppE

Source: Michio Kaku Videos

Dr. Michio Kaku discusses economics, technology, and our abundant future in this full video presentation of a lecture he gave.




500,000 Year Old Engraving Rewrites View of Human History

Richard Ingham | Phys

Detail of the engraving on fossil Pseudodon shell (DUB1006-fL) from Trinil Credit: Wim Lustenhouwer, VU University Amsterdam

Detail of the engraving on fossil Pseudodon shell (DUB1006-fL) from Trinil Credit: Wim Lustenhouwer, VU University Amsterdam

Anthropologists on Wednesday said they had found the earliest engraving in human history on a fossilised mollusc shell some 500,000 years old, unearthed in colonial-era Indonesia.

The zigzag scratching, together with evidence that these shells were used as a tool, should prompt a rethink about the mysterious early human called Homo erectus, they said.

The discovery comes through new scrutiny of 166 freshwater mussel shells found at Trinil, on the banks of the Bengawan Solo river in East Java, where one of the most sensational finds in fossil-hunting was made.

It was here in 1891 that an adventurous Dutch palaeontologist, Eugene Dubois, found “Java Man.”

With a couple of army sergeants and convict labour to do the digging, Dubois excavated part of a heavy-browed skull, a tooth and a thigh bone.

He interpreted these as being the remains of a gibbon-like hominid that was the long-sought “missing link” between apes and humans.

Dubois’ claim excited fierce controversy, as well as jokey images of our distant ancestors as slack-jawed primates with dragging knuckles.

Palaeontologists eventually categorised the find as a Homo erectus, or “upright human”—a hominid that according to sketchy and hugely debated fossil evidence lived from around 1.9 million years ago to about 150,000 years ago.

Reporting in the science journal Nature, a team led by Josephine Joordens at Leiden University in the Netherlands, harnessed 21st-century technology to take a new look at the Trinil shells, now housed in a local collection.

Carbon dating of sediment found in the shells put their age at between 430,000 and 540,000 years ago.

A third of the shells were also found to have a curious hole at the base of one of the bivalve’s muscles.

[read full post here]




Does Good Music Make Us Better People?

Mysteriousuniverse

musicA recent Japanese study suggests that listening to good music might make us more altruistic, while bad music makes us more selfish. From the abstract:

Participants were 22 undergraduate and postgraduate students who were divided into two groups, the in-group and the out-group, and they acted as dictators. The dictators listened to their own preferred “chill-inducing” music, to music they disliked, or to silence, and then played the [dictator game]. In this hypothetical experiment, the dictators were given real money (which they did not keep) and were asked to distribute it to the recipients, who were presented as stylized images of men and women displayed on a computer screen. The dictators played the [dictator game] both before and after listening to the music. Both male and female dictators gave more money after listening to their preferred music and less after listening to the music they disliked, whereas silence had no effect on the allocated amounts.

By “chill-inducing” the authors are talking about music that the listener enjoys, e.g. music to which the listener wants to chill rather than music that literally induces chills. Lots of caveats here, of course: it’s a small-scale study, the dictator game is far too low-risk to be a reliable indicator of altruism, and so forth. But we’ve already established that music can increase stamina, so it’s not a huge stretch to speculate that it might increase or diminish our capacity for altruism, too.

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Everything You Are Is About Frequency… and Your DNA Is the Ultimate Antenna

Josh Richardson  |  ZenGardner.com

Your entire existence…all matter, all life, all experiences–everything owes its existence in the physical world to frequency. Absolutely everything is frequency. You cannot have an experience on this planet without attracting it through frequency. Every emotion, including love and hate tunes into a specific frequency. Health has a frequency. Disease has frequency. Your organs are each tuned to a specific frequency as is your entire body which resonates at its own frequency. You are a symphony of frequencies while you project yourself through this universe and create your physical reality. You are a master of your energy, and thus you are able to control everything you are, everything you do, everything you experience. From the day you are born until the day you die, nothing will ever change the fact that you are both a frequency emitter and receiver in flux with your internal and external environment.

DNA possesses two structural characteristics of fractal antennas, electronic conduction and self symmetry. Electrical conduction allows the movement of electrically charged particles within the body and that flow produces our life force.

Life itself as we know it is inextricably interwoven with geometric forms, from the angles of atomic bonds in the molecules of the amino acids, to the helical spirals of DNA, to the spherical prototype of the cell, to the first few cells of an organism which assume vesical, tetrahedral, and star (double) tetrahedral forms prior to the diversification of tissues for different physiological functions.

The molecules of our DNA, the cornea of our eye, snow flakes, pine cones, flower petals, diamond crystals, the branching of trees, a nautilus shell, the star we spin around, the galaxy we spiral within, the air we breathe, and all life forms as we know them emerge out of timeless geometric codes.

Our human bodies on this planet all developed with a common geometric progression from one to two to four to eight primal cells and beyond.

The universe is more than 99.999% empty space, including our own bodies. All physical things are made of atoms which are mostly empty space. If the nucleus was the size of a marble, the electrons would be specks of dust a half mile away. Every physical thing has that much empty space in it. Inside that empty space is intelligence and frequency.

Almost everywhere we look, the mineral intelligence embodied within crystalline structures follows a geometry unfaltering in its exactitude. The lattice patterns of crystals all express the principles of mathematical perfection and repetition of a fundamental essence, each with a characteristic spectrum of resonances defined by the angles, lengths and relational orientations of its atomic components.

Golden ratio of segments in 5-pointed star (pentagram) were considered sacred to plato and pythagoras in their mystery schools. Note that each larger (or smaller) section is related by the phi ratio, so that a power series of the golden ratio raised to successively higher (or lower) powers are automatically generated

Fibonacci ratios appear in the ratio of the number of spiral arms in daisies, in the chronology of rabbit populations, in the sequence of leaf patterns as they twist around a branch, and a myriad of places in nature where self-generating patterns are in effect. The sequence is the rational progression towards the irrational number embodied in the quintessential golden ratio.

The world and the universe around us are filled with sacred geometry and the golden ratio. From seashells to the human body, from the cosmos to the atom, all forms are permeated with the shapes found in sacred geometry.While sacred geometry theories can be verified mathematically, it is also a field which holds much interest to many different religious communities who can find that it holds deep spiritual meaning for them. Scientists, archaeologists, mathematicians, and many spiritual seekers study sacred geometry as well.

The human genome is packed with at least four million gene switches that reside in bits of DNA that once were dismissed as “junk” but it turns out that so-called junk DNA plays critical roles in controlling how cells, organs and other tissues behave. The discovery, considered a major medical and scientific breakthrough, has enormous implications for human health and consciousness because many complex diseases appear to be caused by tiny changes in hundreds of gene switches.

As scientists delved into the “junk” — parts of the DNA that are not actual genes containing instructions for proteins — they discovered a complex system that controls genes. At least 80 percent of this DNA is active and needed. Another 15-17 percent has higher functions scientists are still decoding.

Most of the molecules in the body are electrical dipoles. These dipoles electronically function like transducers in that they are able to turn acoustic waves into electrical waves and electrical waves into acoustic waves.

A number of membrane proteins as well as DNA consist of helical coils, which may allow them to electronically function as inductor coils. Biological tissues may possess superconducting properties. If
certain membrane proteins and the DNA actually function as electrical inductors they may enable the cell to transiently produce very high electrical voltages.

Chronic disease occurs when voltage drops below a certain voltage. Cells then don’t have enough energy to work correctly and amount of oxygen in cells drops, switching from aerobic (oxygen- available) metabolism to anaerobic (oxygen diminished) metabolism.

The natural properties of biomolecular structures enables cell components and whole cells to oscillate and interact resonantly with other cells. The cells of the body and cellular components possess the ability to function as electrical resonators.

Professor H. Frohlich has predicted that the fundamental oscillation in cell membranes occurs at frequencies of the order of 100 GHz and that biological systems possess the ability to create and utilize coherent oscillations and respond to external oscillations.

Because cell membranes are composed of dielectric materials a cell will behave as dielectric resonator and will produce an evanescent electromagnetic field in the space around itself. This field does not radiate energy but is capable of interacting with similar systems.

The applications of certain frequencies by frequency generating devices can enhance or interfere with cellular resonance and cellular metabolic and electrical functions. The changes in the degree that water is structured in a cell or in the ECM will affect the configurations and liquid crystal properties of proteins, cell membranes, organelle membranes and DNA.

Healthy tissues have more structured water than unhealthy tissues. Clinicians who recognize this fact have found that certain types of music, toning, chanting, tuning forks, singing bowls, magnetic waters, certain types of frequency generators, phototherapy treatments and homeopathic preparations can improve water structuring in the tissues and health when they are correctly utilized…

Continue reading full post

 




MUST SEE: Science Vs. Music – How Cymatic Frequencies Affect Physical Matter

Source: Nigel John Stanford

This incredible music video by Nigel Stanford is an excellent demonstration of how cymatic frequencies affect physical matter – in the broadest sense. Note the waves manifested in flowing water, in surging flames, the slow motion roll of a metal crash cymbal, hit by the wood of a drumstick, and finally the affect of sound on what looks like some sort of organic dust.
All the elements are represented here – even the etheric within the science of Nikola Tesla. After you watch this, you may find it worthwhile to ponder what your favorite music, the wind, the rain, the hum of automobiles, planes and trains are doing to the water and other fluids in your body. In other words, what kind of wave-created “art” is being co-created by you and your environment every day.



New Discovery: How to Make Fuel Out Of Thin Air

Kate Kelland | Abc Science

The discovery of how to filter hydrogen ions through graphene could change the future of fuel cells. (Source: Manchester University)

The discovery of how to filter hydrogen ions through graphene could change the future of fuel cells. (Source: Manchester University)

In a discovery that experts say could revolutionise fuel cell technology, scientists have found that graphene, the world’s thinnest, strongest and most impermeable material, can allow protons to pass through it.

The new discovery reported in the journal Nature raises the possibility that graphene membranes could one day be used to “sieve” hydrogen gas directly from the atmosphere to generate electricity.

“We are very excited about this result because it opens a whole new area of promising applications for graphene in clean energy harvesting and hydrogen-based technologies,” says study co-author Marcelo Lozada-Hidalgo of Manchester University.

Graphene was first isolated in 2004 by the leader of this study, Professor Andre Geim who, with fellow researchers was awarded a Nobel Prize in 2010 for the work.

At just one atom thick graphene is renowned for being the thinnest material on Earth.

It is 200 times stronger than steel, and impermeable to all gases and liquids, giving it the potential for a range of uses such as corrosion-proof coatings, impermeable packaging and even super-thin condoms.

Surprise discovery

Knowing that graphene is impermeable to even the smallest of atoms, hydrogen, the research team decided to test whether protons, hydrogen atoms stripped of their electrons, were also repelled.

Against expectations, they found the protons could pass through the ultra-strong material fairly easily, especially at raised temperatures and if the graphene films were covered with nanoparticles such as platinum, which acted as a catalyst.

Geim and Lozada-Hidalgo, say the findings mean graphene could in future be used in proton-conducting membranes, a crucial component of fuel cell technology.

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Awe-Inspiring Video: How Our Creations Recreate Us

Source:Shots of Awe

Jason Silva’s most recent video on Ontological Design is a bit of a mind-bender that asks us to consider the way in which the things we create in turn re-creates us.  He talks about the ways our environment molds and shapes us; that everything we design is designing us back like Escher’s drawing of hands drawing each other in an eternal feedback loop.
Silva makes an important inquiry: How might we create better feedback loops between ourselves and that which we create so we can upgrade how we function? He doesn’t really answer the question. But the way he asks it makes this video a creation that does indeed affect us, instilling a sense of reverence and awe.



Imagine Doing More on Less Sleep…

Thefutureofhealthnow

no sleep workA group of American scientists working at the Center for Applied Genomics in Philadelphia have discovered a gene variant that allows certain people to be just as effective on, say, four hours of sleep than some people who require a full eight hours of shut-eye each night.

Sleep is one of the areas that seems to be getting an awful lot of attention from the medical research establishment over the past few years. Scientists and researchers are unlocking more information about this vital process that remains very much a part of the human condition.

Despite all of the advances that we have made in modern science, we still all require a certain amount of sleep every day in order to function at our best. Going several days without sleep can effectively make a person act like they are completely insane.

We all know what it is like to wake up in the morning not feeling refreshed and a lack of sleep can make it much more difficult to go about our day – particularly on a work day. So the big question that was dogging researchers is why can some people sleep only a moderate amount and still be just as effective as those who got a full nights rest?

The answer lays our genes.

The study, which was published in the journal Sleep, involved 100 sets of twins with a focus on discovering which genetic variants were responsible for changes to an individuals sleep patterns. The conclusions of the study indicated that those who had the variant chose to sleep for less time than those who did not have it.

The conclusions also indicated that those who possessed the gene variant were also significantly better at completing mental tasks after deprived of sleep for upwards of 38 hours.

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40,000-year-old Blood Brings Mammoth Cloning Closer

Hayley Dunning | Phys

Dr Tori Herridge with the mammoth. Credit: Channel 4 Television

Dr Tori Herridge with the mammoth. Credit: Channel 4 Television

Mammoth cloning is closer to becoming a reality following the discovery of blood in the best-preserved specimen ever found.

An autopsy on a 40,000-year-old mammoth has yielded blood that could contain enough intact DNA to make cloning possible, galvanising scientists who have been working for years to bring back the extinct elephant relative.

Tests are still being conducted on the blood to see if it will yield a complete genome – the genetic code necessary to build an organism.

Blood and guts

The mammoth (nicknamed Buttercup) was discovered in 2013 on Maly Lyakhovsky Island in northern Siberia and excavated from the permafrost. The flesh was remarkably well-preserved, and oozed a dark red liquid when scientists cut into it.

That liquid has now been confirmed as blood, following an autopsy conducted by scientists including Museum palaeobiologist Dr Tori Herridge.

‘As a palaeontologist, you normally have to imagine the extinct animals you work on,’ said Dr Herridge.

‘So actually coming face-to-face with a mammoth in the flesh, and being up to my elbows in slippery, wet, and frankly rather smelly mammoth liver, counts as one of the most incredible experiences of my life.’

The full results of the autopsy will be shown in the Channel 4 documentary Woolly Mammoth – The Autopsy, on Sunday 23 November at 20.00.

40,000-year-old blood brings mammoth cloning closer

Model of a mammoth found in Essex

The South Korean firm Sooam Biotech Research Foundation is leading the research project.

Life and death of a mammoth

The blood was not the only remarkable finding of the autopsy. Analysis of the mammoth’s tusks revealed it was a female who had been through at least eight successful calving events.

Rates of tusk growth depend on whether the female is pregnant or lactating, and from Buttercup’s tusks the team were able to tell that at least one of her calves had died.

Analysis of her teeth show that Buttercup died in her fifties. The molar teeth of mammoths and elephants, which are closely related, are replaced six times throughout their lives. Once the last set wears down, the animal generally starves and dies.

However, it was determined that Buttercup met her end by becoming trapped in a peat bog and getting eaten alive by predators. Despite her brutal death she was incredibly well-preserved, thanks oxygen-free environment of the peat bog and the freezing process.

‘The information gleaned from Buttercup’s autopsy about her life and death, and the future discoveries that will come from analyses of her muscles and internal organs, will add to our understanding of these magnificent Ice Age beasts,’ said Dr Herridge.

If we can clone – should we?

The information learnt about the lives of mammoths is exciting in itself, but it is the potential for cloning that has captured the most attention.

However, while we are now closer to the reality of creating a living mammoth than ever before, Dr Herridge thinks that it may not be a good idea.

‘I doubt that there are many people in the world who would like to see a real-life  as much as I do. And yet I think cloning one would be ethically flawed,’ she wrote in an opinion piece for the Guardian this week.

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