Thermodynamic Threesomes: A Tale of Entangled Triplets

Written by on March 14, 2015 in Quantum Physics, Reality's Edge with 0 Comments
Fiber optic cables were used by researchers at The University of Waterloo to beam three entangled photons thousands of feet apart, proving they could communicate simultaneously.

Fiber optic cables were used by researchers at The University of Waterloo to beam three entangled photons thousands of feet apart, proving they could communicate simultaneously.

On this day of what would’ve been Albert Einstein’s 136th Birthday, I thought it was fitting to write about what he coined “spooky action at a distance” or what we now refer to as Quantum Entanglement. Simply put, Quantum Entanglement occurs when two sub-atomic particles become entangled, the action of one can ultimately then be pre-determined by the action of the other, even if you separate the two by millions of light years. But can more than two particles become entangled?

The simple answer is yes. Although it’s a bit more difficult to generate a thermodynamic threesome than it is the typical twosome. But the amazing thing is that we’ve done it!  Quantum particles are able to hold two states at once and in 2014, researchers from Canada, the U.S. and Sweden at the University of Waterloo sent a quantum blue photon through a crystal that turned it into two red entangled particles with matching polarizations. They then sent one of those red photons through another crystal that transformed it into two infrared, entangled photons. These infrared photons were still entangled with the red photon; thus creating some of the first triplet quantum entangled particles!

University of Waterloo laboratory where scientists entangled three photons. NIST's single-photon detectors were chilled to near absolute zero in the refrigerator (large blue cylinder). The experiment had to be performed in the dark because of the need to detect very low light levels. Credit: Shalm/NIST

University of Waterloo laboratory where scientists entangled three photons. NIST’s single-photon detectors were chilled to near absolute zero in the refrigerator (large blue cylinder). The experiment had to be performed in the dark because of the need to detect very low light levels.  Credit: Shalm/NIST

Even though scientifically we know how to do this, the chances of it happening are still so incredibly rare. And we have not yet tapped into what makes particles “choose” to become entangled with one another in the first place or not. Because the odds are 1-in-a-billion for even the first split of the experiment to occur, I think it’s safe to say these particles take their sweet time before committing to a life of mirrored, “twisted up across time and space-ness” for eternity. Completely understandable.


So, as if Quantum Entanglement wasn’t mind-blowing enough, now theoretically we can say that any number of particles can become entangled with one another; it’s just that the chances of that occurring diminish as you increase the number of particles involved.  Regardless, entangled particles are bringing us into the new age of science and flouting the traditional rules of physics. For example, researchers at the University of Science and Technology in Shanghai measured how fast “simultaneous” really is. They set up a study to register how fast the state of one entangled particle registers in the other. The result? 10,000 times the speed of light!

Today of all days Albert Einstein just might be turning over in his grave at the thought of anything being faster than that! Or at the fact that Quantum Entanglement breaks apart the Second Law of Thermodynamics (which states that heat cannot be passed from a cold body to a hot body without doing work, and that perpetual motion machines of this type are impossible). Quantum Entanglement allows Thermodynamics to redefine itself. With QE, physicists were forced to look at Thermodynamics in a new way and realized that a complete description must include an assessment of the information it contains. In other words, it must take into account the position of the atom at all times for all to be as it should.

It’s my firm belief that Quantum Entanglement using three or more particles will lead us into the fastest fiber optic technology we can imagine for future mass communication. Baby steps of course as we first need to figure out how to measure it, but we’re getting closer every day. The important thing we now know is it is real and no longer just a theory. And the more we learn about Quantum Entanglement, I truly believe the more we are going to understand about the true nature of communication on all levels.

Source: Three’s a charm: NIST detectors reveal entangled photon triplets

TamaraRantTamara Rant is a Co-Editor of CLN as well as a Licensed Reiki Master, heart-centered Graphic Designer and a progressive voice in social media activism & awareness. Connect with Tamara on Facebook by visiting Prana Paws/Healing Hearts Reiki or go to RantDesignMedia.com

Tamara posts new original articles to CLN every Saturday.

 

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