This special edition Earth and space weather news for January 26, 2013 primarily covers the Earth-facing quiet. The Maunder Minimum (also known as the prolonged sunspot minimum) is the name used for the period starting in about 1645 and continuing to about 1715 when sunspots became exceedingly rare, as noted by solar observers of the time. The sun could be on the threshold of a mini-Maunder cycle right now. The Maunder Minimum coincided with the middle—and coldest part—of the Little Ice Age, during which Europe and North America were subjected to bitterly cold winters.
Energy from Space: http://youtu.be/_yy3YJBOw_o
The Heavens and Their Story: http://ia700408.us.archive.org/12/items/cu31924031323797/cu31924031323797.pdf
NOAA Spaceweather Scales: http://www.swpc.noaa.gov/NOAAscales/
Biggest Flares this Cycle: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_cycle_24
ANOTHER Solar Quiet Article for Reference: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2009/05/090504-sun-global-cooling.html
Maunder Minimum Chart: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/11jul_solarcycleupd… [It's better just to google one]
Solar Magnetic Field: http://wso.stanford.edu/gifs/Polar.gif